Systems of Government Government is a system of rule. The exercise of authority over a state. –Control –Rule –Management
Absolute Monarchies Government with a hereditary ruler. Sole ruler is accountable ONLY to God. Absolutism Bossuet – said God put Monarchs here, disobedience to a monarch is being disobedient to God.
Examples of Absolute Monarchies Russia when they were led by a Czar (Nicholas). France – by Louis the XIV
Constitutional Monarchies System of government in which a monarch has agreed to share power with a constitutionally organized government. The monarch may retain head of state, or be purely a ceremonial head.
Usually limits monarch’s power. Monarch is usually a King or Queen. Constitution splits the government’s power to the legislature and the judiciary.
Examples England – 1700s – under the Stuarts ( James I, etc.) Australia, Belgium, Netherlands, Sweden, Spain and Thailand.
Parliamentary Democracy Similar to our three branch system of government. –Executive Branch –Legislative Branch –Judicial Branch Two party system used in England 1871-1921
Roots are from British Parliament. Winston Churchill – “ Government is a servant to the people and not its master. Parliament elects the Head of State.Three branches have the most power.