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Origins of Government Why do we have government?.

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Presentation on theme: "Origins of Government Why do we have government?."— Presentation transcript:

1 Origins of Government Why do we have government?

2 State of Nature A world before government

3 Choice AChoice B AnarchyDictatorship

4 Property In a world with no government, can you own property? (land, house, possessions, etc…) How could you maintain control of your property? What problems might arise that could be solved by a strict government?

5 Rights In a world with no government, what rights would you have? Who would protect your rights? What is to stop someone else from taking them away? What problems might arise that could be solved by a strict government?

6 Safety In a world with no government, would you feel safe? Why or why not? How could you keep yourself safe? What problems might arise that could be solved by a strict government?

7 Survival In a world with no government, what survival challenges would you face? How could you get the food, water, and shelter you would need to survive? What problems might arise that could be solved by a strict government?

8 Human Nature In a world with no government, do you think that people would naturally treat each other decently? Do you think that without laws people would be generally good and peaceful or generally selfish and aggressive? What problems might arise that could be solved by a strict government?

9 Haiti s/stories/2010/01/16/ htm?section=world 10/01/17/world/americas/1 7looting.html om/?p=2768

10 1-2-3 Who in Port au Prince is safe? What are some people in Port au Prince doing to survive? After watching the news video, what do you think about human nature?

11 Egypt

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15 The Taliban 2009: A local Taliban commander ordered a 17-year-old girl to be flogged after accusing her of adultery. But some accused the commander of ordering the beating to get revenge after the girl refused to accept his proposal. “Please! Enough! Enough!” the girl is heard crying.

16 Peter the Great The mind of a genius, the body of a giant, the ferocious temper of a bear

17 Obviously we have more options than just dictatorship or anarchy

18 Although this guy thought so.

19 Leviathan by Thomas Hobbes A leviathan is a sea monster or anything of great size or power Hobbes said that in a state of nature (with no government or laws) all people would be at war with each other People therefore need a single strong ruler with complete authority in order to prevent chaos. WITHOUT A POWERFUL KING, THERE WOULD BE CHAOS!!!

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21 The Enlightenment Spread democratic ideas that led to revolutions

22 John Locke All people are born with NATURAL RIGHTS The government is supposed to protect those rights If it doesn’t, the people have the right to OVERTHROW the gov’t.

23 Natural Rights  Life  Liberty  Property

24 Baron de Montesquieu SEPARATION OF POWERS to stop rulers from getting absolute power Hint: 3-syllable name = 3 branches!

25 Jean Jacques Rousseau

26 Voltaire Believed in FREEDOM OF SPEECH “I disapprove of what you say, but I will defend to the death your right to say it.”

27 Declaration of Independence

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29 1st Amendment Freedom of speech! 1st Amendment Freedom of religion, separation of church and state … all men are created equal; that they are endowed by their Creator with certain unalienable rights… LIFE, LIBERTY, PURSUIT OF HAPPINESS Natural Rights Natural Rights “…we ought to look upon all men as our brothers.” “I may disagree with what you say…”

30  We the people of the United States, in order to form a more perfect union, establish justice, insure domestic tranquility, provide for the common defense, promote the general welfare, and secure the blessings of liberty to ourselves and our posterity, do ordain and establish this Constitution for the United States of America. The U.S. Constitution We the people of the United States, in order to form a more perfect union, establish justice, insure domestic tranquility, provide for the common defense, promote the general welfare, and secure the blessings of liberty to ourselves and our posterity, do ordain and establish this Constitution for the United States of America. Rousseau- “Social contract” We the people of the United States, in order to promote the general welfare, and secure the blessings of liberty establish this Constitution

31 So, now we have lots of options for government! Direct democracy Republic Communism Dictatorship Theocracy To name a few

32 KLR Chart K = What you already know L = What you learned R = Reflect on what you learned (what is your opinion?)


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