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March 6, 2006 Teaching Civics & Government TCH 347 Social Studies in the Elementary School Department of Teacher Education Shippensburg University Han.

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Presentation on theme: "March 6, 2006 Teaching Civics & Government TCH 347 Social Studies in the Elementary School Department of Teacher Education Shippensburg University Han."— Presentation transcript:

1 March 6, 2006 Teaching Civics & Government TCH 347 Social Studies in the Elementary School Department of Teacher Education Shippensburg University Han Liu, Ph. D.

2 What is Civics? The study of civic affairs and the duties and rights of citizens A social science dealing with the rights and duties of citizens The branch of political science that deals with civic affairs and the rights and duties of citizens.

3 Why Do We Need to Study Civics There is an old saying that the course of civilization is a race between catastrophe and education. In a democracy such as ours, we must make sure that education wins the race. John F. Kennedy (1958)

4 Core Contents/Themes Democratic Heritage and Principles The Nature of Government The U.S Government Citizenship Rights and Responsibilities Civic Virtues Participatory Citizenship

5 Democratic heritage Contributions of the Greeks and the Romans The Magna Carta U.S. Historical Documents Thoughts of the Framers Declaration of Independence The Constitution The Bill of Rights

6 Democratic Principles Right to life, liberty, and happiness Constitutional Government Rule of Law Justice and Equality Diversity and Minority Rights Separation of Powers Checks and Balances Civilian Control of Military Separation of Church and State Due Process of Law …

7 The Nature of Politics & Government Why is there a government Political power & authority Purpose of government Government functions Make rules/laws Interpret laws Carry out rules and laws Resolve conflicts Provide public services Types of government Democracy/Republic Monarchy/Constitutional Monarchy Dictatorship

8 Government Key Institutions Legislature (rule/law making) Executive (rule/law applying) Judiciary (rule/law adjudicating) Government Officials Elected Appointed Government by different levels Local State National Government functions at different levels Relationship between government & other social institutions

9 U.S. Legal System Federal Court System U.S. Supreme Court Federal Court of Appeals Federal District Courts State Court System State Supreme Court Court of Appeals Circuit Courts District Courts U.S. Police System

10 The U.S. Court System

11 Citizenship Civic Dispositions Honesty Fairness Self-discipline Civic-mindedness Rights of Citizens Right of life and liberty Right to personal, political, and economic freedom Right to pursuit happiness Responsibilities of Citizens Obeying the law Respecting for others Voting Paying taxes Serving in the armed forces

12 Sample Concept Clusters-1 Sources of law The Constitution Statutes Common law Decrees

13 Sample Concept Clusters-2 Civic Virtues Fairness Honesty Keeping promise Speak the truth Fairness-fair play Sharing Respect others Care for others Help the weak and the poor Civic participation Compromise

14 Sample Concept Clusters-3 Government Functions Internal order External security Public services

15 Sample Concept Clusters-4 Public Services Postal service Education Health Conservation Police Fire Labor National defence

16 Samples Generalizations Every citizen needs to possess the civic dispositions of democracy. Public services are provided by the government at different levels in the United States. Peer mediation programs in middle schools demonstrate a good example for civic education.

17 Topical Approach Community service Fairness Classroom rules Ways of showing respect for others Mayor Police President of the United States United Nations U.S. foreign policy …

18 Inquiry Approach How many traffic signs do you know? Find three examples showing you treat others fairly. How is our community governed? What is the role of the governor? What powers does the President have? What are the rules that must be followed at school? What rights are guaranteed by the Bill of Rights?

19 Class Activities Develop rules at home Develop rules at school Role playing to solve conflicts Voting simulation Brainstorming solutions for public concerns Peer Mediation in middle school Writing persuasive articles to public media

20 Social Activities Serve in elder homes Serve in the community Conduct environment protection projects, such as Recycling Attend rituals & ceremonies Attend meetings of public affairs with adult guidance Visit museums Travel abroad Make friends from other nations

21 Debating Issues Violence Gun control Alaska Petroleum Exploitation U.S. attitude towards Kyoto Treaty Prayer in schools Minimum wage

22 Venn Diagram Exercise How are the following concepts related to each other? Social science Political science Civics Government Citizenship

23 Sorting/Summarizing Skills Sort Presidents by political parties by birth place by education Sort government functions by different levels Summarize civic virtues Summarize democratic principles Summarize citizen rights

24 Writing Skills—Inter Disciplinary Write a letter to the mayor, the city council member, or the Congressmen in Washington D.C. to voice your public concerns Write a poster persuading environment protection …

25 Reference : Standards The Center for Civics Education — National Standards for Civics & Government — Content Standards by Grade Levels — PA standards for Civics & Government —

26 Links Center for Civics Education Ben’s Guide for US government for Kids Helping Your Child Become a Responsible Citizen (PDF) Character Education U.S. Presidents U.S. Legal System Law for Kids Rubric

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