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ILLINOIS STATE GOVERNMENT u 21 st state – Joined Union 1818 u RATIFIED BY VOTERS 1970 u SIMILAR FORM AS FEDERAL GOV’T (3 branches) u PROVIDES FOR AREAS.

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Presentation on theme: "ILLINOIS STATE GOVERNMENT u 21 st state – Joined Union 1818 u RATIFIED BY VOTERS 1970 u SIMILAR FORM AS FEDERAL GOV’T (3 branches) u PROVIDES FOR AREAS."— Presentation transcript:

1 ILLINOIS STATE GOVERNMENT u 21 st state – Joined Union 1818 u RATIFIED BY VOTERS 1970 u SIMILAR FORM AS FEDERAL GOV’T (3 branches) u PROVIDES FOR AREAS NOT COVERED BY FEDERAL GOV’T –Local government –Taxation –Public education –Elections –Voting

2 PREAMBLE u We, the People of the State of Illinois - grateful to Almighty God for the civil, political and religious liberty which He has permitted us to enjoy and seeking His blessing upon our endeavors - in order to provide for the health, safety and welfare of the people; maintain a representative and orderly government; eliminate poverty and inequality; assure legal, social and economic justice; provide opportunity for the fullest development of the individual; insure domestic tranquility; provide for the common defense; and secure the blessings of freedom and liberty to ourselves and our posterity - do ordain and establish this Constitution for the State of Illinois.

3 Articles I-II  Article I: BILL OF RIGHTS –makes same guarantees to IL citizens as U.S. Constitution does to U.S. citizens –guarantees that citizens will not be discriminated against because of sex or physical or mental handicaps  Article II SEPARATION OF POWERS –Legislative -(General Assembly/Legislature) –Executive-Governor –Judicial-State Supreme Court

4 ILLINOIS STATE GOVERNMENT Article III VOTING & ELECTIONS u VOTING ELIGIBILITY –U.S. citizen –18 years old –reside at least 30 days in IL –people in prison cannot vote, but can vote when released u GENERAL ELECTION –voting for members of General Assembly (name of IL legislative body) –held every 2 years u PRIMARY ELECTION –each political party chooses its candidates for the general election

5 ILLINOIS STATE GOVERNMENT Article IV: STATE LEGISLATURE (BICAMERAL) - qualifications – US citizen, 21 yrs old, reside in dist. they rep for at least 2 years. u House of Representatives –118 members –2 year term –1 Rep. elected from each representative district –Presiding Officer is the Speaker, elected from among the 118 Reps u Each person in IL –lives in a legislative (Senatorial) district & a representative district –is represented by one state senator and one state rep. in the General Assembly u Senate: – 2 year term –59 members –1 senator elected from each of 59 Illinois legislative districts –Presiding officer is a senator chosen by the senate »President of the senate

6 ILLINOIS STATE GOVERNMENT Article IV: STATE LEGISLATURE (continued) MAKING STATE LAWS u BILL, a proposed law, must pass both houses of the General Assembly by majority vote u BILL is then sent to Governor who will –Sign it into law or –Veto it –Item veto allows the Governor to veto 1 or more items in an appropriation bill without vetoing the entire bill u House of Rep. has power to impeach (accuse, indict, bring charges against) state officers in cases of wrongdoing u Senate has power to try impeachment cases.

7 ILLINOIS STATE GOVERNMENT Article V: STATE EXECUTIVE 6 ELECTED OFFICERS: Qualifications 25 years old, a U.S. citizen, and reside in IL for 3 years, 4year terms u GOVERNOR duties: –carrying out state laws –signing or vetoing bills –calling special sessions of General Assembly –commanding the IL National Guard in peacetime u LIEUTENANT GOVERNOR –must be of same political party as the Governor –performs duties that are delegated by Gov. and prescribed by law u ATTORNEY GENERAL –legal officer of the state

8 ILLINOIS STATE GOVERNMENT Article V: State Executive Department (continued) u Secretary of State: –maintains official state records as well as issues drivers and auto licenses u Treasurer: –responsible for safekeeping & investment of money –disburses money upon order of the comptroller u Comptroller: –maintains state’s central fiscal accounts –orders payments into and out of funds held by treasurer [ fiscal refers to the recordkeeping of money and is a 365 day period that usually begins July 1 & ends June 30

9 ILLINOIS STATE GOV’T Article VI: STATE JUDICIAL DEPARTMENT 7 IL state supreme court justices Must be US citizen, licensed attorney, resident of district elected, cant have private practice 3 TYPES OF COURTS  ILLINOIS SUPREME COURT  APPELLATE (APPEAL) COURTS  CIRCUIT COURTS (main trial courts) u IL has 5 JUDICIAL DISTRICTS u ILLINOIS JUDGES ARE ELECTED (EXCEPT associate judges who are appointed)

10 ILLINOIS STATE GOV’T: Articles VII-VIII u Article VII: Local gov’t –counties, cities, villages, townships, special districts –Limited Powers of Local gov’t: pass ordinances to protect people, license business & occupations, tax & borrow money State’s powers are greater than local governments u Article VIII: Finance –Gov’t money must be used for public purposes –Governor prepares budget –Legislature (General Assembly) decides how money will actually be spent

11 ILLINOIS STATE GOV’T: Articles IX-XII u IX: REVENUE –NONGRADUATED INCOME TAX –NO PERSONAL PROPERTY TAX –PROPERTY NOT TAXED: STATE OWNED OR GOV’T OWNED SCHOOL DISTRICTS CHURCH PROPERTY CEMETERIES HOSPITALS & NON- PROFITS –State may sell bonds to raise money u X: EDUCATION –Goal of education is educational development of all persons –FREE EDUCATION through secondary level –STATE BD. OF EDUC. plans educational program u XI: ENVIRONMENT u XII: MILITIA –IL National Guard

12 ILLINOIS STATE GOV’T: Articles XIII-XIV u XIII: GENERAL PROVISIONS –person convicted of serious crimes cannot hold office –candidates or holders of state offices must file their ‘economic interests’ –state of IL can be sued –state money can be spent for public education u XIV: CONSTITUTIONAL REVISION –voters in state must decide every 20 years if a convention is needed to change the IL Constitution. changes must be approved by voters –IL General Assembly cannot change Article IV which would affect the structure or procedures of itself –Voters cannot change Article IV which would take away powers of General Assembly

13 More Illinois Information STATE OF ILLINOIS WEBSITE STATE OF ILLINOIS PAGE LEGISLATIVE LINKS ILLINOIS GOVERNMENT INFORMATION STATE OF ILLINOIS - PROJECT VOTE SMART ILLINOIS GOVERNMENT WEBSITES STATE AND LOCAL GOVERNMENTS VITAL RECORDS INFORMATION - ILLINOIS CITY OF ROCKFORD AREA GUIDE - ROCKFORD ROCKFORD BOARD OF ELECTIONS ROCKFORD PUBLIC LIBRARY

14 Comparison of U.S. & Illinois Constitutions LEGISLATIVE BRANCH (law-making) U.S. CONGRESS u House of Representatives (435) –Power to impeach –Begins revenue bills –Qualifications: 25 yrs. old, U.S. Citizen for 7 yrs., resident of state. –Term: 2 yrs. u Senate (100) –Tries impeachment –Qualifications: 30 yrs. old, U.S. citizen for 7 yrs., resident of state. –Term: 6 yrs. ILLINOIS GENERAL ASSEMBLY u House of Representatives (118) –Power to impeach –Qualifications: 21 yrs. old, U.S. citizen, reside in district 2 years –Term: 2 yrs. u Senate (59) –Holds trial after impeachment –Qualifications: 21 yrs. old, U.S. citizen, reside in district 2 years –Term: 2 or 4 yrs. depending on group U.S.ILLINOIS

15 Comparison of U.S. & Illinois Constitutions LEGISLATIVE BRANCH (law-making) continued U.S. Congress can levy taxes, declare war, borrow money, coin money U.S. Congress can override a veto with a vote of 2/3 U.S. Congress cannot suspend writ of habeas corpus, pass bill of attainder or ex post facto laws IL General Assembly can override a veto with a vote of 3/5 Laws passed by IL General Assembly take affect July 1 of next calendar year unless there is a 3/5 vote to change the date U.S. ILLINOIS

16 Comparison of U.S. & Illinois Constitutions JUDICIAL BRANCH u U.S. SUPREME COURT –Appointed –9 Justices –Lifetime term u U.S. Circuit Court of Appeals u U.S. District Courts u IL SUPREME COURT –Elected »Qualifications: U.S. Citizen, Licensed Lawyer, Resident of Unit in which elected –7 Judges –10 yr. term u IL Appellate Courts u IL Trial Courts U.S.ILLINOIS

17 UNITED STATES u PRESIDENT »35 yrs. old »14 yrs. resident of U.S. »natural born citizen –4 YR. term –Appoints ambassadors, etc. –Commander-in-Chief of U.S. Military –Veto bills (10 days or becomes a law) u VICE-PRES. ORDER OF SUCCESSION: Vice- pres., Speaker of House, Pres. pro tempore ILLINOIS u GOVERNOR »25 yrs. old »U.S. citizen »Resident of state for 3 yrs. –4 yr. term –Appoints Dept. Heads, etc. –Commander-in-.Chief of IL National Guard –Veto bills (60 days or becomes a law) u LIEUTENANT-GOVERNOR ORDER OF SUCCESSION: Lieutenant-Gov., Attorney General, Secretary of State Comparison of U.S. & Illinois Constitutions EXECUTIVE BRANCH U.S. ILLINOIS

18 Comparison of U.S. & Illinois Constitutions MAJOR DIFFERENCES UNITED STATES ù PRESIDENT ù JUDGES: APPOINTED (9) ù BILL OF RIGHTS: Amendments 1-10 ù 1789 ù AMENDING: APPROVED BY STATES ù AMENDMENTS: 27 - ADDED ON ù CONGRESS LEADER: SPEAKER OF THE HOUSE ù SENATE LEADER: VICE-PRES. ù 435 REPRESENTATIVES to Congress 1 PER DISTRICT ù 100 SENATORS: 2 PER STATE ILLINOIS - GOVERNOR - JUDGES: ELECTED (7) - BILL OF RIGHTS: Article I AMENDING: APPROVED BY VOTERS - AMENDMENTS: INSERTED IN - GENERAL ASSEMBLY LEADER: SPEAKER OF THE HOUSE - SENATE LEADER: PRES. of SENATE REPRESENTATIVES to Gen. Assem 1 PER DISTRICT - 59 SENATORS: 1 PER DISTRICT U.S.ILLINOIS

19 THE END TAKE THE CONSTITUTION PRACTICE TEST


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