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Primary versus Secondary. What is the difference? Secondary sources are created AFTER the fact, while primary sources are "created" DURING the event.

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Presentation on theme: "Primary versus Secondary. What is the difference? Secondary sources are created AFTER the fact, while primary sources are "created" DURING the event."— Presentation transcript:

1 Primary versus Secondary

2 What is the difference? Secondary sources are created AFTER the fact, while primary sources are "created" DURING the event.

3 Let’s watch a video  Primary vs Secondary Sources

4 Primary Sources What are some examples? 1. Published documents - books, newspapers, pamphlets, advertisements, laws, etc. 2. Unpublished documents - letters, diaries, financial records, etc. 3. Visual documents and artifacts – photos, video, etc. 4. Interviews and speeches

5 Secondary Sources What are some examples? 1. Dictionaries and encyclopedias 2. Textbooks 3. Journal articles (depending on when it was written) 4. Magazine and newspaper articles 5. Books, other than fiction and autobiography 6. Web sites

6 Let’s watch another video  Primary vs Secondary Sources

7 Advantages and Disadvantages Primary Source  Advantage: More accurate  Disadvantage: Harder to find Secondary Source  Advantage: Offer interpretation or analysis of an event/topic  Disadvantage: May have inaccurate conclusions presented as fact

8 Research Plan Step 1: Start with the question you have chosen to investigate for your topic Step 2: Brainstorm all words that may be helpful when searching for information about your topic Step 3: Generate questions using the question words table *see next slide* Step 4: Throw out irrelevant questions Step 5: Start looking up your background info Adapted rom sciencebuddies.org

9 Question Word Table Question Word Possible Questions (you can think of others) WHY? Why does ___________ happen? Why does __________? Why _______________? HOW? How does ______ happen? How does ______ work? How does _____ detect _____? How do you measure ________? How do we use ______? How ____________? WHO? Who needs __________? Who discovered ______? Who invented _______? Who ___________? Question Word Possible Questions (you can think of others) WHAT? What causes ________ to increase/decrease? What is _______ made of? What are the characteristics of ______? What is the relationship between _____ and _____? What do we use _____ for? What _______________? WHEN? When does ______ cause ______? When was __________ discovered? When ______________________? WHERE? Where does _______________ occur? Where does __________ get used? Where __________________? From sciencebuddies.org

10 To find primary sources Use the library catalog to find primary sources held by your library. Search by: Author - to find anything written by a historical figure. Subject - to find books written about a person, historical event or time period. These sources often contain primary materials.

11 Where to find good information  Textbooks  Books in the KLO (or public) library  World Book online  EasyBib (research section)  Internet (from website you have evaluated as credible)

12 World Book Online  When at school you don`t need a password.  See your teacher or ask the teacher librarian for the password if you will be using logging in from home

13 World Book Online

14 EasyBib Research research.easybib.com  Use the research section to find articles  Use the bibliography section for correctly formatting your sources

15 EasyBib Research  Type in your keyword  Look at “Online” info or “Academic” info by switching tabs

16 Use Credible Sources  Be sure to use credible sources One way is by checking the “rating”

17 Another Good Place to Look  KLO Library Website

18 But Remember  Wherever you find your info be sure you understand it!  If you don’t know some of the vocabulary either look it up OR find a different source of information at YOUR GRADE LEVEL  Make sure you cite your sources (EasyBib is a great tool to use for this)

19 EasyBib Bibliography

20 Some extra videos Primary vs Secondary Primary vs Secondary (You Tube) Is Wikipedia a credible source? Is Wikipedia a credible source? (You Tube)


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