What is the difference? Secondary sources are created AFTER the fact, while primary sources are "created" DURING the event.
Let’s watch a video Primary vs Secondary Sources
Primary Sources What are some examples? 1. Published documents - books, newspapers, pamphlets, advertisements, laws, etc. 2. Unpublished documents - letters, diaries, financial records, etc. 3. Visual documents and artifacts – photos, video, etc. 4. Interviews and speeches
Secondary Sources What are some examples? 1. Dictionaries and encyclopedias 2. Textbooks 3. Journal articles (depending on when it was written) 4. Magazine and newspaper articles 5. Books, other than fiction and autobiography 6. Web sites
Let’s watch another video Primary vs Secondary Sources
Advantages and Disadvantages Primary Source Advantage: More accurate Disadvantage: Harder to find Secondary Source Advantage: Offer interpretation or analysis of an event/topic Disadvantage: May have inaccurate conclusions presented as fact
Research Plan Step 1: Start with the question you have chosen to investigate for your topic Step 2: Brainstorm all words that may be helpful when searching for information about your topic Step 3: Generate questions using the question words table *see next slide* Step 4: Throw out irrelevant questions Step 5: Start looking up your background info Adapted rom sciencebuddies.org
Question Word Table Question Word Possible Questions (you can think of others) WHY? Why does ___________ happen? Why does __________? Why _______________? HOW? How does ______ happen? How does ______ work? How does _____ detect _____? How do you measure ________? How do we use ______? How ____________? WHO? Who needs __________? Who discovered ______? Who invented _______? Who ___________? Question Word Possible Questions (you can think of others) WHAT? What causes ________ to increase/decrease? What is _______ made of? What are the characteristics of ______? What is the relationship between _____ and _____? What do we use _____ for? What _______________? WHEN? When does ______ cause ______? When was __________ discovered? When ______________________? WHERE? Where does _______________ occur? Where does __________ get used? Where __________________? From sciencebuddies.org
To find primary sources Use the library catalog to find primary sources held by your library. Search by: Author - to find anything written by a historical figure. Subject - to find books written about a person, historical event or time period. These sources often contain primary materials.
Where to find good information Textbooks Books in the KLO (or public) library World Book online EasyBib (research section) Internet (from website you have evaluated as credible)
World Book Online www.worldbookonline.com When at school you don`t need a password. See your teacher or ask the teacher librarian for the password if you will be using logging in from home
EasyBib Research research.easybib.com Use the research section to find articles Use the bibliography section for correctly formatting your sources
EasyBib Research Type in your keyword Look at “Online” info or “Academic” info by switching tabs
Use Credible Sources Be sure to use credible sources One way is by checking the “rating”
Another Good Place to Look KLO Library Website
But Remember Wherever you find your info be sure you understand it! If you don’t know some of the vocabulary either look it up OR find a different source of information at YOUR GRADE LEVEL Make sure you cite your sources (EasyBib is a great tool to use for this)