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Conceived by: Gina Robinson, MSN Designed by: Terry Hudson, M.A., M.Div. Understanding APA 6 th Edition 8.0 Understanding APA 6 th Edition 8.0.

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Presentation on theme: "Conceived by: Gina Robinson, MSN Designed by: Terry Hudson, M.A., M.Div. Understanding APA 6 th Edition 8.0 Understanding APA 6 th Edition 8.0."— Presentation transcript:

1 Conceived by: Gina Robinson, MSN Designed by: Terry Hudson, M.A., M.Div. Understanding APA 6 th Edition 8.0 Understanding APA 6 th Edition 8.0

2 Running head: UNDERSTANDING APA1 Understanding APA: An Adventure in Writing Student’s Name Trinity International University, Eng111e Instructor’s Name, Degrees Date Running head: UNDERSTANDING APA1 Understanding APA: An Adventure in Writing Student’s Name Trinity International University, Eng111e Instructor’s Name, Degrees Date TITLE PAGE 1” Margins Running head: Shortened Title in ALL CAPS, in the Header on Each Page Left Justified. After p.1 omit the words “Running head” Except for Running head, Use Upper and Lower Case throughout paper Page Number: in the Header on Each Page, Right Justified Type: Times New Roman, 12 pt., Regular not Bold, Double Spaced

3 UNDERSTANDING APA2 Abstract The abstract is a brief, comprehensive summary of the contents of the paper, typically from words. Keywords: UNDERSTANDING APA2 Abstract The abstract is a brief, comprehensive summary of the contents of the paper, typically from words. Keywords: ABSTRACT PAGE Word “Abstract” is centered Not indented Write in 3 rd Person – “This student…” “This writer…”

4 TEXT PAGE Exact Title Repeated From Title Page Paragraphs Indented 5 Spaces Space twice after punctuation marks at the end of a sentence. (Samples of In-Text citations are given.) UNDERSTANDING APA 3 Understanding APA: An Adventure in Writing “Now is the time for all good men to come to the aid of their country” (Smith, 2006, p. 1). According to Smith (2006), “Now is the time for all good men to come to the aid of their country” (p.1). UNDERSTANDING APA 3 Understanding APA: An Adventure in Writing “Now is the time for all good men to come to the aid of their country” (Smith, 2006, p. 1). According to Smith (2006), “Now is the time for all good men to come to the aid of their country” (p.1).

5 In-Text Citations Format is Last Name, Year, Page or Paragraph in parentheses. Period follows parentheses. Page is p., Multiple Pages are pp. (Smith, 2006, p. 1). In event of On-Line source, paragraph is designated by para. or ¶ (Smith, 2006, para. 1). Multiple authors are connected by “&” – (Smith, Jones, & White, 2007, p. 1). Subsequent references use “et al.” – (Smith et al., p. 2). In the event of no identified author, as with some web pages, use first few words of title and the year. Use double quotation marks around the title of web page or article – (“Study Finds,” 2010). Italicize if the title of a periodical or book is given without author – (Study Finds, 2010). If no date is given, use n.d. in place of the year – (“Study Finds,” n.d.). Personal Communications have author’s surname and initials and full date – (J. F. Smith, personal communication, July 4, 2007). Personal Communications are not included in the reference list. Quotations longer than 40 words are block indented 5 spaces from left, left justified only, double spaced, without quotation marks. Note that the last period is before the citation – Now is the time for all good men to come to the aid of their country. Now is the time for all good men to come to the aid of their country. Now is the time for all good men to come to the aid of their country. Now is the time for all good men to come to the aid of their country. (Smith, 2006, p. 1)

6 Biblical Citations APA Citations use 3-4 letter abbreviation for the book of the Bible, followed by a period – (Rom. 1:12). Identify in the first citation the version you used – (Revised Standard Version). You need not repeat the version in subsequent citations, unless you switch to a different translation. Reference list entries of the Bible are not required (ask your professor for their preference.) Citation of a commentary from a Study Bible would be an exception and would warrant inclusion in References. TIU PRECEDENT Biblical references that are in the text are spelled out – Romans 1:12 If a Bible passage is referred to in the text, but not directly quoted, version is not needed in the citation. If the passage is quoted, version should be identified with a letter abbreviation – (Rom. 1:12 NKJV).

7 Sub-Headings Centered, Upper and Lower Case Letters, Bold Type Understanding APA: An Adventure in Writing (Title Repeated 1 st Page of Text) The Problem Blah…Blah…Blah…Blah…Blah…Blah…Blah…Blah…Blah…Blah…Blah…Blah…Blah… Blah…Blah… The Solution Blah…Blah…Blah…Blah…Blah…Blah…Blah…Blah…Blah…Blah…Blah…Blah…Blah… Blah…Blah… Etc.

8 REFERENCES PAGE Double Spaced with Hanging Indent Alphabetical Order by Author Authors are Designated by Last Name and Initials Multiple Authors Connected by & If no Author, Move Title to Author Position and Alphabetize by First Significant Word (no quotation marks; no italics unless title of a book or magazine) UNDERSTANDING APA 4 References Jones, D.A. (2007). Learning to write. St. Louis, MO: Mosby. Smith, G., Davis, E., & Jones, O. (2006). Quality sleep is key to faculty success: Time for a change. Journal of Education, 2 (10), Study finds. (2010). Retrieved from Taylor, O.K. (n.d.). How to use writing skills in life. doi: / UNDERSTANDING APA 4 References Jones, D.A. (2007). Learning to write. St. Louis, MO: Mosby. Smith, G., Davis, E., & Jones, O. (2006). Quality sleep is key to faculty success: Time for a change. Journal of Education, 2 (10), Study finds. (2010). Retrieved from Taylor, O.K. (n.d.). How to use writing skills in life. doi: /

9 References Month & Day Follow Year – (2007, July 4). No Date is Designated – (n.d.). In Titles of Books or Journal Articles, First Word and Proper Names Only are Capitalized. Names of Books and Journals (Including Volume Number) are in Italics. States use official 2 Letter Postal Abbreviations – FL On-Line Sources are designated by doi number (Digital Object Identifier), and no further information is needed. The doi is usually on the first page of the article near the copyright notice – doi: / Articles so designated can later be located at the address: When a doi is not available, use the URL– Retrieved from Include retrieval date only if the source material may change over time – Retrieved October 13, 2009, from

10 Reference American Psychological Association. (2010). Publication manual of the American Psychological Association (6 th ed.). Washington, DC: Author. Reference American Psychological Association. (2010). Publication manual of the American Psychological Association (6 th ed.). Washington, DC: Author.


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