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Planning for A Close Read

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Presentation on theme: "Planning for A Close Read"— Presentation transcript:

1 Planning for A Close Read
“Close reading is an instructional routine in which students critically examine a text, especially through repeated readings.” - Fisher & Frey Planning for A Close Read Have participants create the foldable for Close Reading Think-Pair-Share Write down what you think a close reading entails Have them discuss with a partner what they think it is Share with the group and revise your definition Jill Liapis Links for

2 Planning for a Close Read
Use a short passage or excerpt “Read with a pencil” Note what is confusing Pay attention to patterns Give your students the chance to struggle a bit knowing that you will scaffold support throughout the routine Use a short passage: Read with a pencil: Note what is confusing Pay attention to patterns Giver your students the change to struggle a bit

3 Text Complexity Text complexity is defined by:
Qualitative measures – levels of meaning, structure, language conventionality and clarity, and knowledge demands often best measured by an attentive human reader. Quantitative measures – readability and other scores of text complexity often best measured by computer software. Reader and Task considerations – background knowledge of reader, motivation, interests, and complexity generated by tasks assigned often best made by educators employing their professional judgment. CCSS, Appendix A

4 Text-Dependent Questions
“Rigorous, text-dependent questions require students to demonstrate that they can follow the details of what is explicitly stated and make valid claims and inferences that square with the evidence in the text.” PARCC Model Content Frameworks, 2011 Text-dependent questions can’t be answered w/o looking back into the text; required inferring; cannot be used with any other text Caution about the difference of text-dependent vs text inspired (don’t have to read the text, but are drawn from text)

5 Discussion An active, constructive, and social process for learning
“In the last 25 years or so, research has provided significant evidence that collaborative academic talk is at the heart of the learning experience.” Carmen Simich-Dudgeon, 1998 Carmen Simich-Dudgeon is a Language Education professor at Indiana University researched the benefits of collaborative discussion in the classrooms Lucy Calkins – author of Units of Study for Teaching Writing and Pathways to the Common Core: The Art of Teaching writing “Talk , like reading and writing, is a major motor—I could even say THE major motor– of intellectual development.” Lucy Calkins, 2001

6 The Lesson Plan Format

7 Opinions, Arguments & Intertextual Connections
Inferences Purpose Vocabulary & Text Structure Key Details General Understanding

8 Routines General Understandings Key Details
Vocabulary & Text Structure Inferences Purpose Opinions, Arguments & Intertextual Connections

9 Potential Prose Constructed Response 2nd Reading & 2nd Discussion
3rd Reading & Potential Prose Constructed Response 2nd Reading & 2nd Discussion 1st Reading & 1st Discussion Establish Purpose Establish Purpose = explain the purpose of the lesson – close read 1st reading= students read the text first to themselves- annotating along the way (teacher rotates) 2nd reading = teacher reads the entire text aloud as students follow along 1st discussion = turn and talk to check meaning 2nd discussion = invite students to share their table group conversations 3rd Reading = Teacher – Led Reading w text dependent Questions

10 Establish Purpose Explain the purpose of the read
Students need to know prior to reading that this is an opportunity for a Close Read Explai

11 1st Reading Students read independently Students annotate text
Teacher observes students’ annotations and looks for patterns “Read with a pencil”

12 1st Discussion Turn & Talk to Check Meaning
Encourage Students’ to reference text annotations during discussion

13 General Understanding
Get the gist of the text Focus on the author’s main claim

14 General Understanding
What is the same about the front and back of the penny?

15 General Understanding
Why would unsweetened chocolate be changed?

16 General Understanding
What are the dangers of an avalanche?

17 Key Details Focus on important details
Often who, what, where, when, why or how

18 Why do we honor Abraham Lincoln?
Key Details Why do we honor Abraham Lincoln?

19 Key Details What ingredients make the three types of chocolate?

20 Key Details What 2 ways can avalanches occur? Which is the most dangerous and why?

21 2nd Reading Teacher reads aloud the text Students listen
Students continue to annotate Teacher reads text aloud as students follow along.

22 2nd Reading “Because challenging texts do not give up their meanings easily, it is essential that readers re-read such texts.” Tim Shanahan, 2013 “The close = re-read + worthy assumption here is critical: we assume that a rich text simply cannot be understood and appreciated by a single read, no matter how skilled and motivated the reader.” Grant Wiggin, 2013 Teacher reads text aloud as students follow along.

23 2nd Discussion Students’ revisit table talk
Students’ share and participate in whole class discussion

24 Vocabulary & Text Structure
Consider how the reading is organized Vocab includes denotations (definitions) & connotations (ideas or feelings evoked) Why the author chose the word… Vocabulary & Text Structure

25 Vocabulary & Text Structure
How does the author let you know the meaning of the word carved?

26 Vocabulary & Text Structure
How does the author help you understand the meaning of vary in the 2nd paragraph?

27 Vocabulary & Text Structure
What is the meaning of the word faces as used in paragraph 6?

28 Purpose Inform, entertain, persuade or explain something
Allows the reader to follow the flow of the reading Purpose

29 Purpose What is the author’s purpose of writing this text?

30 Purpose Why did the author write this article?
AKA – What is the author’s purpose of writing this article?

31 Purpose What is the authors intended purpose for writing this text? How do you know that this is the purpose. Use evidence to support your answer.

32 Inferences Require reading of the whole selection
Consider where the text is going Reconsider key points as contributing to the whole Inferences

33 Inferences Why is the author telling us about the penny, memorial and Mount Rushmore?

34 Inferences Why do purists not consider white chocolate a chocolate?

35 Inferences How does the author informing you of the types of avalanches help you understand the dangers of an avalanche?

36 3rd Reading Teacher Led Reading with Text Dependent Questions
Opportunity for a Prose Constructed Response

37 Opinions, Arguments & Intertextual Connections
Used sparingly Used after multiple reads and opportunities to expand understanding

38 Opinions, Arguments & Intertextual Connections
Why or why not??? Should Abraham Lincoln be on the penny? Support you answer with evidence.

39 Opinions, Arguments & Intertextual Connections
Are purists right with believing that white chocolate is not chocolate?

40 Opinions, Arguments & Intertextual Connections
How would this article impact your desire to participate in snow sports? Use evidence from the text to support your answer.

41 Questions

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