Presentation on theme: "“The Pedestrian” A Closer Look. What is a pedestrian? (noun) 1.a person who goes or travels on foot; walker. (adjectives) 2. going or performed on foot;"— Presentation transcript:
What is a pedestrian? (noun) 1.a person who goes or travels on foot; walker. (adjectives) 2. going or performed on foot; walking. 3. of or pertaining to walking. 4. lacking in vitality, imagination, distinction, etc.; commonplace; prosaic or dull: a pedestrian commencement speech.
How does the author incorporate the definitions in story? a person who goes or travels on foot; walker. The protagonist, Leonard Mead, is a traveler on foot or walker. enjoys walking neighborhood at night. going or performed on foot; walking. of or pertaining to walking. –The protagonist, Leonard Mead, enjoys walking neighborhood at night. lacking in vitality, imagination, distinction, etc.; commonplace; prosaic or dull –The suburban life: Bradbury compares life to a tomb, says they communities are empty.
One theme: CONFORMITY 1.action in accord with prevailing social standards, attitudes, practices, etc. 2.correspondence in form, nature, or character; agreement, congruity, or accordance. 3.compliance or acquiescence; obedience. 4.a type of social influence involving a change in belief or behavior in order to fit in with a group. This change is in response to real (involving the physical presence of others) or imagined (involving the pressure of social norms / expectations) group pressure.
One theme: CONFORMITY 1.Is there a place for conformity in society? 2.Why? 3.How do you feel when you are expected to conform? 4.Do you encourage conformity or rebel against it?
Next:preform a close reading on story The next few slides will assist you in perform a close reading.
How to do a close reading? http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=adXdTXEzmzE (YouTube clip)http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=adXdTXEzmzE Consider these four elements –Language –Narrative –Syntax –Context
Language (diction used to fit the audience, style and purpose of the text) What did the author repeat? What was emphasized? What kind of language is used? –Formal/informal –Slang –Figurative language/mood words What words are important to understanding the theme/thesis?
Narrative (the story) Who is telling the story? From what perspective (point of view) is the story told? How is the story told? What motivates the narrator to tell the story in this manner?
Syntax (the order author’s arrange their words to provide meaning/get a point across) (grammar/sentence structure) Does the author use Standard American English? Why would the author use nonstandard syntax? Who is the audience? How does this writing style affect the audience?
Context (happenings surrounding story’s authorship) What is the setting of the story? What is the background of the author? In what environment was the story written? (what was happening at the time the story was written?)
Language Used informal language(conversational) Slang (reveals the mindset of the protagonist)
Language What did the author repeat/emphasize? –The idea of suburban lifestyle as a tomb/place for the dead/emptiness(cars like scarab beetles; homes tombs; emptiness of police –Mead’s walk was really just to take a stroll about the community –The idea that Mead had no TV (accusative silence)
Language Imagery –Helps describe the setting Crystal frost of the air Sound of leaves crushing under his sneakers Skeleton pattern of fallen leaf, rusty smell Cloverleaf intersection –Describe the police/police car Metallic voice Sent, feel, and size of the backseat of car
Narrative Who is telling the story/ what point of view? –Unknown omniscient narrator How is the story told? –Author uses narration at beginning to set the scene/ next allows the reader to experience the story through dialogue –Allows the reader to connect and identify with the protagonist What motivates the narrator to tell the story in this manner? –Explain the dangers of overusing technology –Explain how pedestrian (see fourth definition) life will become if technology becomes our main focal point. –Persuade readers to unplug sometimes and enjoy life
Syntax (grammar/sentence structure) Syntax should match both audience and subject matter. Author uses simple and complex sentences. –Simple sentences used to ensure all readers could both enjoy and understand the narrative –Complex sentences used to match the complex subject matter of the dangers of conformity.
Context Setting: 1950’s Cali suburb –50’s Cold War Space race WWII recovery Communism v/s capitalism Korean Conflict
Context Ray Bradbury’s life –Lived with a large extended family –Wrote science fiction –Activist against humanity’s total dependence on science –Friends with Gene Rodenberry (Star Trek) –Married w/ children –Didn’t drive nor owned a car –Enjoyed daily strolls
Context Setting: 1950’s Cali suburb –Story’s setting 1950 California Suburbia –American Dream –Safety –Conformity Taking a western stroll –West symbolizes »of moving away from wisdom »Death »from nature to technology
Context Setting: 1950’s Cali suburb –Story’s setting (cont.) Meets at a Clover Leaf intersection –Clovers symbolize luck –Intersections symbolize choices Taking a western stroll –West symbolizes »of moving away from wisdom »Death »from nature to technology
How do these aspects help readers understand the text? Language/syntax –Simple and some complex to better understand the tone –Purpose of story To entertain To persuade against a life controlled by technology
How do these aspects help readers understand the text? Narrative –Heavy dialogue to help the reader connect with the text –Allows the reader to evaluate/juxtapose his/her life to the experiences of the characters
How do these aspects help readers understand the text? Context –Leaves reader with an awareness of society –Allows readers to make a choice about science and technology (friend of foe), how both have affected history and humankind, and if conformity is a danger of society or the protector of society?
Works Cited Beers, Kylene, Carol Jago, Deborah Appleman, Leila Christenbury, Sara Kajder. Elements of Literature, Fourth Course. Austin: Holt Rinehart Winston, 2008. (Print).