Presentation on theme: "Created by Kate Michaelson Owens Community College"— Presentation transcript:
1Created by Kate Michaelson Owens Community College MLA OverviewCreated byKate MichaelsonOwens Community College
2MLA OverviewMLA and APA are two common styles used for formatting papers and properly citing sources.Modern Language Association (MLA)Style used most often in Literature, Arts, and HumanitiesMost importantly, used in this class!American Psychological Association (APA)Style used most often in Psychology, Social Sciences, and EducationNot used in this class, but may be required in others.
3Title Page - APA APA requires a separate title page with: A running header of the title and page #Title & Author’s name centeredCourse and professorDateNOT necessary for MLA unless your instructor specifies otherwise
4Title Page - MLA MLA does NOT require a separate title page! Instead, on the first page of the essay include:A running header with your last name and page #Your name, professor’s name, course, and dateAssignment title centered over the essay
5MLA Works Cited Page The Works Cited page: Comes at the end of the document & lists every source (in a particular format) that was consulted for the essayIs meant to provide enough information so that anyone who wanted to find the that source could track it downBasic information for every source, by order of significance, includes but is not limited to:The authorTitle of the work you usedPublisher location and companyYear of publicationFormat (Print or Web)Specifics will vary by source type! You must consult your handbook (or other resources) for help citing various sources correctly.
6MLA Works Cited Examples Single author:Gleick, James. Chaos: Making a New Science. New York: Penguin Books, Print.Author’s last name, first name. Title. Publisher location: Publisher, year published. Format.Book with multiple authors:Gleick, James and Debra Smith. Chaos: Making a New Science. New York: Penguin Books, Print.Cite up to 3 authors (only use the last name, first name format for the first author), then the publisher info, date, page numbers, and format.For a book with 4 or more authors, cite the first author as usual and follow it with “et al.” (which means and others) to indicate the rest of the authors
7MLA Works Cited Examples No author?GlobalWarming.org. Cooler Heads Coalition, Web. 24 May 2009.Cite it as usual, but start with the title since there is no authorParticular essay or story from a collection:McCovey, Chester. "The Front Porch." The Composition of Everyday Life. Ed. John Mauk and John Metz. Boston: Wadsworth, Print.Cite the author(s) of the specific source first, then the story/essay title, then credit the book in which you found it, the editor(s) of the book, then the usual information for a book.
8MLA Works Cited Examples Electronic source:Vargas, Paul. "How to Make Vegetarian Chili." eHow.com. Web. 10 May <http://www.ehow.com/make-vegetarian-chili.html>.Cite like other sources, but also include Web as the format followed by the date you accessed the infoIncluding the web address is optional
9MLA Work Cited Page – Database Citing a library database differs from other online sources because the database is not publicly accessible (i.e., someone is paying for the service).Therefore, you have to also cite:The databaseThe company that owns the databaseThe location from which you accessed it
10Work Cited Page – Database For instance, if you used Academic Search Premier from the Owens Library to find Pat Shipman’s article “The Woof at the Door” published in American Scientist, the correct citation would look like this:Shipman, Pat "The Woof at the Door." American Scientist 97.4 (2009): Academic Search Premier. EBSCO. Owens Community Coll. Lib. Web. 12 Oct
11Correct Formatting for Titles Examples:The New York TimesThe Atlantic MonthlyThe Composition of Everyday Life“What Is Education?”“Cruelty, Civility, and Other Weighty Matters”Italicize titles of long works like books, newspapers, magazines, and journals. aUse quotation marks for short stories, poems, essays, or articles. a
12Works Cited LayoutCenter “Works Cited” at the top of the page in normal fontDouble spaceAlphabetize the list of sourcesUse a hanging indentDo not number or bullet entries
13Parenthetical Citations - MLA Credit a source that you’ve quoted, paraphrased, or summarizedUse the minimal information needed to allow the reader to find the source on the works cited pageWhatever information you include in the parenthetical citation should be the first piece of information found in that works cited entry.Typically the author’s last nameIf there is no author, use an abbreviated form of the titleInclude relevant page numbers for quotes and paraphrases
14Parenthetical Citation Examples For quoted or paraphrased material use:(author’s last name and page #)Example: “The advisory board made no mention of the report,” (Gonzalez 12).Tip: If you mention the author as you introduce the quote, his or her name may be omitted in the parenthetical citation.Example: According to Dr. Gonzalez, “The advisory board made no mention of the report” (12).
15Parenthetical Citation Examples To give credit for a summary of someone else’s ideas use:(author’s last name) OR a reference to the author in the writingExample: Men often use speech to establish social position while women talk in order to express emotion (Tannen). –OR-Tannen asserts that men often use speech to establish social position while women talk in order to express emotion.
16A Note on How APA Differs For APA citations use:Almost the same info as MLA, but also include the date of publication(author’s last name, date of publication, page number(s) when applicable)(Smith, 2009, p 133)A web site with no author might be cited (Gardener’s Guide, 2006).As in MLA, you may omit the author’s last name in parenthesis if he or she is mentioned in the introduction of the quote.Example: According to Gonzalez, “The advisory board made no mention of the report,” (2006, p 12).
17Whether APA or MLA, always remember: When using an exact quote, any exact quotes MUST be in quotation marks.When paraphrasing, you must rephrase the material in your own words to avoid plagiarism.When you re-word something, quotation marks are not necessary, but a citation is still necessary.Even when using ideas you got from someone else’s work, you must credit them!
18When should I cite? If in doubt, ask: Is it my idea?YesNODo not citeIs it common knowledge?NOCite it!
19Owens Campus Security hauls off another suspected plagiarist. …or else…Owens Campus Security hauls off another suspected plagiarist.
20Useful Websites & Sources The Writing CenterLocated in College Hall 156-DMLA HandoutInteractive MLA TutorialCommercial citation tools such as:Landmark Tool atPut all the info in & it spits out your citationThe catch is, you still need to know where to get the info and when to use citations.Don’t forget about us!