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MLA Overview Created by Kate Michaelson Owens Community College.

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1 MLA Overview Created by Kate Michaelson Owens Community College

2 MLA Overview MLA and APA are two common styles used for formatting papers and properly citing sources. Modern Language Association (MLA) Style used most often in Literature, Arts, and Humanities Most importantly, used in this class! American Psychological Association (APA) Style used most often in Psychology, Social Sciences, and Education Not used in this class, but may be required in others.

3 Title Page - APA APA requires a separate title page with: A running header of the title and page # Title & Author’s name centered Course and professor Date NOT necessary for MLA unless your instructor specifies otherwise

4 Title Page - MLA Instead, on the first page of the essay include: A running header with your last name and page # Your name, professor’s name, course, and date Assignment title centered over the essay MLA does NOT require a separate title page!

5 MLA Works Cited Page The Works Cited page: Comes at the end of the document & lists every source (in a particular format) that was consulted for the essay Is meant to provide enough information so that anyone who wanted to find the that source could track it down Basic information for every source, by order of significance, includes but is not limited to: The author Title of the work you used Publisher location and company Year of publication Format (Print or Web) Specifics will vary by source type! You must consult your handbook (or other resources) for help citing various sources correctly.

6 MLA Works Cited Examples Single author: Gleick, James. Chaos: Making a New Science. New York: Penguin Books, Print. Author’s last name, first name. Title. Publisher location: Publisher, year published. Format. Book with multiple authors: Gleick, James and Debra Smith. Chaos: Making a New Science. New York: Penguin Books, Print. Cite up to 3 authors (only use the last name, first name format for the first author), then the publisher info, date, page numbers, and format. For a book with 4 or more authors, cite the first author as usual and follow it with “et al.” (which means and others) to indicate the rest of the authors

7 MLA Works Cited Examples No author? GlobalWarming.org. Cooler Heads Coalition, Web. 24 May Cite it as usual, but start with the title since there is no author Particular essay or story from a collection: McCovey, Chester. "The Front Porch." The Composition of Everyday Life. Ed. John Mauk and John Metz. Boston: Wadsworth, Print. Cite the author(s) of the specific source first, then the story/essay title, then credit the book in which you found it, the editor(s) of the book, then the usual information for a book.

8 MLA Works Cited Examples Electronic source: Vargas, Paul. "How to Make Vegetarian Chili." eHow.com. Web. 10 May Cite like other sources, but also include Web as the format followed by the date you accessed the info Including the web address is optional

9 MLA Work Cited Page – Database Citing a library database differs from other online sources because the database is not publicly accessible (i.e., someone is paying for the service). Therefore, you have to also cite: The database The company that owns the database The location from which you accessed it

10 Work Cited Page – Database For instance, if you used Academic Search Premier from the Owens Library to find Pat Shipman’s article “The Woof at the Door” published in American Scientist, the correct citation would look like this: Shipman, Pat "The Woof at the Door." American Scientist 97.4 (2009): Academic Search Premier. EBSCO. Owens Community Coll. Lib. Web. 12 Oct

11 Correct Formatting for Titles Italicize titles of long works like books, newspapers, magazines, and journals.  Use quotation marks for short stories, poems, essays, or articles.  Examples: The New York Times The Atlantic Monthly The Composition of Everyday Life “What Is Education?” “Cruelty, Civility, and Other Weighty Matters”

12 Works Cited Layout Double space Alphabetize the list of sources Use a hanging indent Do not number or bullet entries Center “Works Cited” at the top of the page in normal font

13 Parenthetical Citations - MLA Parenthetical citations: Credit a source that you’ve quoted, paraphrased, or summarized Use the minimal information needed to allow the reader to find the source on the works cited page Whatever information you include in the parenthetical citation should be the first piece of information found in that works cited entry. Typically the author’s last name If there is no author, use an abbreviated form of the title Include relevant page numbers for quotes and paraphrases

14 Parenthetical Citation Examples For quoted or paraphrased material use: (author’s last name and page #) Example: “The advisory board made no mention of the report,” (Gonzalez 12). Tip: If you mention the author as you introduce the quote, his or her name may be omitted in the parenthetical citation. Example: According to Dr. Gonzalez, “The advisory board made no mention of the report” (12).

15 Parenthetical Citation Examples To give credit for a summary of someone else’s ideas use: (author’s last name) OR a reference to the author in the writing Example: Men often use speech to establish social position while women talk in order to express emotion (Tannen). –OR- Tannen asserts that men often use speech to establish social position while women talk in order to express emotion.

16 A Note on How APA Differs For APA citations use: Almost the same info as MLA, but also include the date of publication (author’s last name, date of publication, page number(s) when applicable) (Smith, 2009, p 133) A web site with no author might be cited (Gardener’s Guide, 2006). As in MLA, you may omit the author’s last name in parenthesis if he or she is mentioned in the introduction of the quote. Example: According to Gonzalez, “The advisory board made no mention of the report,” (2006, p 12).

17 Whether APA or MLA, always remember: When using an exact quote, any exact quotes MUST be in quotation marks. When paraphrasing, you must rephrase the material in your own words to avoid plagiarism. When you re-word something, quotation marks are not necessary, but a citation is still necessary. Even when using ideas you got from someone else’s work, you must credit them!

18 When should I cite? If in doubt, ask: Is it my idea? NO Do not cite Is it common knowledge? NO Yes Cite it!

19 …or else… Owens Campus Security hauls off another suspected plagiarist.

20 Useful Websites & Sources The Writing Center Located in College Hall 156-D MLA Handout Interactive MLA Tutorial Commercial citation tools such as: Landmark Tool at Put all the info in & it spits out your citation The catch is, you still need to know where to get the info and when to use citations. Don’t forget about us!


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