Presentation on theme: "APA Referencing APA referencing is a set of guidelines on how to acknowledge sources of information, ideas, and words."— Presentation transcript:
APA Referencing APA referencing is a set of guidelines on how to acknowledge sources of information, ideas, and words.
Why reference? To show your tutor exactly which books you have read To enable readers to investigate ideas they find interesting To distinguish between your ideas and words, and those that belong to other people
Plagiarism Using other people’s ideas and words without clearly acknowledging the source of that information
How to avoid plagiarism Read as many books/articles as you can Understand the material Put in your own words the main points or ideas you have read – imagine you are explaining it to a friend Reference the books/articles in your assignment and in the reference list at the end
Reference List includes only the sources cited in the text. is arranged alphabetically by surname of the first author When a source has no author, put the title in author position. Put the source in the reference list in alphabetical order using the first significant word of the title
Book Author’s surname, Initial/s. (year). Title of book (ed.). City, State/Country: Publisher. Rose, J. (2001). The mature student’s guide to writing. Basingstoke, England: Palgrave. Creme, P., & Lea, M. R. (2003). Writing at university: A guide for students (2 nd ed.). Philadelphia, PA: Open University Press.
Journal Article, hard copy Author’s surname, Initial/s. (year). Title of article. Title of Journal, volume(issue), pages. Fitzgerald, J., & Galyer, K. (2008). Collaborative prescribing rights for psychologists: The New Zealand perspective. New Zealand Journal of Psychology, 37(3),
Journal article, from database Chau, R. C. M., Yu, S. W. K., & Tran, C. T. L. (2011, January). The diversity based approach to culturally sensitive practices. International Social Work, 54(1), Retrieved from ProQuest database.
Daily newspaper article, with author Author’s surname, Initials. (year, month day). Title of article. Title of Newspaper, page. Hanna, S. (2011, July 11). KiwiSaver good value. Hawkes Bay Today, p. A13.
Daily newspaper article, no author Title of article. (year, month day). Title of Newspaper, page. Oil protest sees flag raised on bridge. (2011, July 19). The Dominion Post, p. A2.
Newspaper article retrieved from the internet Author’s surname, Initial/s. (year, month day). Title of article. Title of Newspaper. Retrieved from web Rutherford, H., & Cowlishaw, S. (2011, July 19). High cost of living may cause strikes. The Dominion Post. Retrieved from
Internet source, with author Author’s surname, Initial/s. (year). Title of article. Retrieved from website address. Warrington, M. (2011). The benefits of exercise on learning. Retrieved from Exercise-On-Learning&id=
Internet source, no author, no date Title of article. (n.d.). Retrieved from Website address The health benefits of wine. (n.d.). Retrieved from m
Magazine Article Author’s surname, Initial/s. (year, month day). Title of article. Title of Magazine, volume, pages. Clifton, J. (2011, April 23). Worth the weight. Listener, 228,
In-text referencing Document your study throughout the text by putting the author’s surname (or brief title if there is no author) and the year of the sources you have used in your assignment. The reader can then find the complete source in the alphabetical reference list at the end of the assignment.
In-text referencing Quoting - using an author’s exact words “As you get more experienced you will gradually build up confidence in your own methods and approaches to writing” (Creme & Lea, 2003, p. 8). Creme and Lea (2003) suggest that “as you get more experienced... and approaches to writing” (p. 8).
Citing - summarising in your own words the ideas you have read Creme and Lea (2003) suggest that the more students write, the more confident they will become about writing. The more students write, the more confident they will become about writing (Creme & Lea, 2003).
When quoting or citing from a source with no author, use the first few words of the reference list entry (usually the title). “The group of eight raised a small Maori sovereignty flag” (“Oil Protest”, 2011, p. A2).
Quoting from a website “Simple exercises like walking are not as effective as more challenging ones” (“The Benefits”, 2011, para. 4).