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Word choice, diction, connotation 1C & 1D.  Denotation and Connotation (5.1)  Formal vs. Informal Language -Slang and Idioms (5.2)  Effect of Word.

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Presentation on theme: "Word choice, diction, connotation 1C & 1D.  Denotation and Connotation (5.1)  Formal vs. Informal Language -Slang and Idioms (5.2)  Effect of Word."— Presentation transcript:

1 word choice, diction, connotation 1C & 1D

2  Denotation and Connotation (5.1)  Formal vs. Informal Language -Slang and Idioms (5.2)  Effect of Word Choice- Diction (5.3)  Purpose of Word Choice- Author’s Purpose (5.4)

3  Denotation is the literal or dictionary meaning of a word.  Connotation is the idea or feeling implied by a word in addition to its literal meaning. ◦ An author chooses his words very carefully to achieve a desired purpose.

4 ~ Denotation they both mean of or like a child or childhood ~ Connotation childlike: having innocent, trusting characteristics of a child (positive connotation) childish: being immature (negative connotation) TIP~ think of the negative and positive connotation of some words

5  Consider the following sentences. ◦ I heard my brother talking on the phone with his girlfriend. ◦ I heard my brother chatting on the phone with his girlfriend. How does the connotation of the word chatting in the second sentence convey the author’s purpose? HINT: What does the author what you to feel about the conversation? * Practice 134 & 135

6  Formal Language - language usually used in speeches, reports, essays, and most other nonfiction writing.  Informal Language - everyday language that may include slang or idioms.

7  Formal greeting  Informal greeting  Neutral or slightly informal  Hello, Mr. Smith. How are you today?  Dude. Sup?  Hey! How’s it going?

8  Slang - very informal words or expressions, such as yakking, bad meaning good, ain’t, and you rock!  Idioms - informal expressions or phrases that can’t be taken literally, such as “head over heels in love.” ◦ This is also a type of figurative language. *Practice 136 & 137

9  Is an author’s choice of words and the author’s use of those words.  An author’s diction could be ◦ Formal or informal ◦ Technical or non-technical ◦ Descriptive or general ◦ Humorous or serious ◦ Positive or negative ◦ Optimistic or pessimistic

10  Tedious  Hate  Waiting  Disregard  Forget  Aggravating  Exciting  Love  Anticipating  Appreciate  Realize  Relaxing PRACTICE MAKES PERFECT **

11  A writer’s reason for writing; can include reasons for using words and phrases.  An author always has a general reason for writing, such as to explain, to entertain, to inform, etc., but an author also has a reason for using specific words, phrases, or even titles. ◦ Ask yourself, “What does the author want me to understand by including a specific word, phrase or title?” Practice

12  By including the phrase “intensity and excitement,” what does the author want to express to the reader?  Does the author use the phrase sent on a mission support the purpose of the paragraph?  What does the author emphasize by selecting the title, “Tennessee Williams, Mississippi’s Playwright”?

13  What effect does replacing the italicized words with the word concerns have on this paragraph?  What effect did replacing the italicized words have on the revised paragraph?  How does the diction in the revised excerpt affect the author’s purpose?  How does the diction in the revised paragraph support the author’s purpose?

14  Formal, emotional, descriptive, emphatic  Omit, distract, non-essential, concise, distract, emphasize  Vivid, image, clarifies, reinforces, isolated  Anxious, intensity  Uncertainty, theme  General, objective, descriptive  Contradicts, minimizes, irritation, motive  Restrictions, competitive


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