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The War in Afghanistan The war in Afghanistan has been going on since 2001 and has had many casualties of war. The war started when the world trade centre.

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Presentation on theme: "The War in Afghanistan The war in Afghanistan has been going on since 2001 and has had many casualties of war. The war started when the world trade centre."— Presentation transcript:

1 The War in Afghanistan The war in Afghanistan has been going on since 2001 and has had many casualties of war. The war started when the world trade centre was bombed by terrorists.

2 Background Info When the word trade centre was bombed in New York 9/11/01 the war in Afghanistan started. The president ordered an invasion of Afghanistan to neutralise the terrorist group that caused so much devastation, the Al Qaeda. The aim of the invasion was to capture Osama Bin Laden, leader of the Al Qaeda and other high ranking members, destroy the whole organisation of Al Qaeda remove the Taliban regime that protected the Al Qaeda.

3 Afghan-Iranian mountain trails reveal hidden weapons smuggling route At the Eslam Ghalah crossing on the Afghan-Iranian border, millions of dollars have been spent by the international community to try to ensure that all goods and human traffic entering and leaving Afghanistan can be controlled and accounted for. But we found a very different reality. We had travelled from the city of Herat in out to Afghanistan's western border to film a story on the smuggling of weaponry to the Taliban from Iran - we wanted to get a sense of how much was being done to block the smuggling trails along the Iranian border -- an area of remote mountain trails and passes. The local security commissioner had insisted we take a police escort. Once we had finished filming at the official crossing I asked the commander of the detail if he knew where the main smuggling trail across the border was as I'd heard it was just outside of Eslam Ghalagh. He agreed to take us and we climbed back into our cars. Less then five minutes later we turned off the main road onto a dusty track. Another five minutes and the police car leading the way came to a halt - we were less than 10 kilometres from the official crossing and we'd arrived. It was the best known smuggling trail, but just one of many hundreds of trails that snake through the mountains here. Afghanistan's border with Iran is around 1,000 kilometres long. There is no doubt that it's one of the most difficult in the world to police. But all the Afghans we spoke to were adamant that while the Iranians are deadly serious about blocking the drug trade into Iran from Afghanistan, they are much less rigorous about the traffic in weapons in the other direction. And the sources we spoke with - Afghan, Taliban and Western - believe that is a matter of policy. But it's far from clear at what level in the Iranian government -- if any -- the arms shipments are organized or approved.

4 For their part, the Iranians strenuously deny involvement in the smuggling. The Embassy in London told me: "These allegations are fabricated to pervert attentions from the problems and damage created by foreign forces in [Afghanistan."] Getting people to talk about the smuggling on camera was almost impossible. It's no overstatement to say that many Afghans in Herat are scared of their powerful neighbour to the West. Nearly everyone who gave us information did so on condition of anonymity. Several of the officials we interviewed happily gave us access to their records and reports but as soon as the camera was switched on the stock response was that they were not authorized to comment. On our last day in Herat we finally were given access to the evidence store where the weaponry seized along the border was kept. The source helping us had to resort to locking us in his office after smuggling an Iranian mine out of the store room so we could film it. It was same kind as those used by the Taliban in roadside bomb attacks. Later that day, a very senior contact in the Afghan security services gave us access to the Afghan police's evidence file. Although the International Security Assistance Force in Afghanistan has made numerous statements about Iranian weaponry and training being provided to the Taliban the Afghan government has remained largely silent. In Herat the provincial authorities have spent the last two years filming every weapon haul they've intercepted coming over the Iranian border, photographing serial numbers written in Persian and establishing which models are produced in Iranian state armament factories. If the Afghan government decides to take up the issue with Tehran, they'll find all the evidence they need here in Herat.

5 McChrystal eyes securing Kandahar The top U.S. general in Afghanistan vowed that coalition forces "are absolutely going to secure Kandahar," as security efforts expand in the country's south. "We already are doing a lot of security operations in Kandahar, but it's our intent -- under President [Hamid] Karzai -- to make an even greater effort there," Gen. Stanley McChrystal told a joint news conference Monday with Mark Sedwill, the NATO senior civilian representative to the country. The news conference coincided with a visit by U.S. Secretary of Defence Robert Gates, who was also to meet with Karzai. McChrystal indicated a military operation could begin in the volatile Kandahar province as early as this summer, but both Sedwill and McChrystal cautioned that much political groundwork lay ahead for NATO-led coalition troops before an offensive can begin. Just as in the recent Marjah operation, the goal, they said, is to gain the support of the Afghan people. "What I think we've learned about operations in Afghanistan... is if you try to push against the culture, you have huge problems," McChrystal said. "What we're trying to achieve in Kandahar is to do the political groundwork so when it's time to do the military operation, the significant part of the population is pulling us in and supportive so we're not only doing what they want but we're operating in a way that they're comfortable with. That's the key to success here." McChrystal said the goal "is to demonstrate again that we can operate in a way where we've got strong resolve by the government of Afghanistan, effective performance by the Afghan military and coalition partners, and government partners, so that as we do an operation that shows the people of Kandahar, and the Taliban as well, that operations like this actually result in a better outcome for everyone." He declined to comment specifically on when the Kandahar offensive will begin, but said "our forces will be significantly increased around there by early summer." "There won't be a 'D-Day' that is climactic," McChrystal said. "It will be a rising tide of security as it comes." The push to secure Kandahar from what McChrystal calls a "menacing Taliban presence" is part of a larger counterinsurgency effort in the country's south, started last month in Marjah in southern Helmand province.

6 Long a bastion of pro-Taliban sentiment and awash with the opium used to fund the insurgency, the Marjah region has been known as the heroin breadbasket of Afghanistan and as a place where the Taliban had set up a shadow government. The hope now is for the United States to persuade the locals to change their crops from poppies -- grown to produce opium for the Taliban's drug trade -- and instead grow crops such as wheat, which can help them survive and provide income as well. Sedwill and McChrystal praised the early stages of the Marjah offensive, with Sedwill calling it a "template for the way we want to take this campaign forward over the next year to 18 months." McChrystal said that in addition to the strategic importance of the Marjah offensive, the operation was a "demonstration to the Afghan people, to the international community, to the Pakistanis, and very important to the Taliban as well, that things have changed."

7 Military sets sights on June push in Kandahar, officials say U.S. and coalition forces in Afghanistan have their sights set on a June offensive designed to gain control of the southern city of Kandahar from the Taliban, according to U.S. military officials. The assault on the Taliban's spiritual centre will be the second major military operation to rid a southern Afghan city of Taliban control as the U.S. ratchets up pressure under the command of Gen. Stanley McChrystal. Officials said the main goal of the offensive is removing the Taliban before the Muslim holy month of Ramadan, which begins in August. While a coming assault on Kandahar has not been a big secret, U.S. and NATO officials have not disclosed the timetable, only saying it would come sometime this year. The U.S. military officials, who did not want to be identified because they were not authorized to talk about the mission, said they would expect the mission to last two months. At a briefing to reporters Tuesday, Pentagon spokesman Geoff Morrell would not confirm a timetable for the overall Kandahar offensive but said an attempt to remove the Taliban from Kandahar had already begun. "They've [operations] been months in the making, they began really when the Stryker brigade arrived down south and began their work on trying to secure the routes in and out of Kandahar," Morrell said, referring to some of the 30,000 additional U.S. troops President Obama ordered to Afghanistan last year. "A lot of the preparatory work, the shaping operations that will be essential to ultimate success in Kandahar are under way and have been under way, frankly, for months now," Morrell said. He also said that U.S. military special operations forces have been going after mid- and high-level Taliban targets, as well as trying to persuade local tribes to work with the U.S. military and Afghan government. Kandahar has long been a trouble area for the U.S. and coalition forces and for the government of Afghan President Hamid Karzai. The city had been the governing capital of Afghanistan, while the Taliban ruled the country before the 2001 U.S. invasion. It remains steadfastly true to the Taliban movement, hiding many of its senior officials among a loyal population.

8 McChrystal has said the eventual offensive to take Kandahar will not resemble the recent operation in Helmand province to oust the Taliban from Marjah. That operation used a military force in a big initial push into the area. McChrystal said the operation in Kandahar will be a rolling series of operations. Of the 30,000 additional U.S. troops sent by Obama, thousands will be moved to Kandahar to participate in the operation, the officials said. It is unclear exactly how they will be used, but many of them will be partnered with Afghan police as a security force, the officials said.

9 My View On The Issue I believe the war in Afghanistan was the right thing to do because innocent civilian people suffered at the hands of the Taliban regime and when the U.S arrived their job was to eliminate the Taliban because they protected the Al Qaeda Terrorist organisation. Many Afghan civilians may have died because of this war but they will live their lives in peace once the war is over. The main aim of the war however was to eliminate the Al Qaeda and its leader Osama Bin Laden.

10 Bibliography www.ecu.edu/lib/govdoc/afghanistan http://edition.cnn.com/2010/WORLD/asiapcf/03/08/afghanistan.mcchrystal/index.html http://edition.cnn.com/2010/WORLD/asiapcf/03/23/iran.afghanistan.weapons.taliban/index.html http://edition.cnn.com/2010/WORLD/asiapcf/03/30/afghanistan.offensive/index.html


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