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Mesopotamia Unit 2 Myths/Beliefs of Mesopotamia and Ancient Greece STUDENT EXAMPLE.

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Presentation on theme: "Mesopotamia Unit 2 Myths/Beliefs of Mesopotamia and Ancient Greece STUDENT EXAMPLE."— Presentation transcript:

1 Mesopotamia Unit 2 Myths/Beliefs of Mesopotamia and Ancient Greece STUDENT EXAMPLE

2 Everyday life in ancient Greece Most made a living off of farming in ancient Greece, but using land outside of their area as Greece's land was hard to cultivate. Although men did train for the military. Men enjoyed discussing politics and going to the theatre while woman weren’t involved in politics or public life except for acting a priestess at the temple was their one public duty. They also were not asked to engage in much recreational physical activity. Greeks did enjoy games, including dice, a game similar to backgammon which was their version of checkers which is where our backgammon stemmed from, marbles and more that didn’t need physical activity.

3 Ancient Greece life continued Olives were one of the main things farmed, they were important for daily use as cooking, eating, beauty reasons, athletic purposes and also to use for lighting! Usual eats were breads, porridge, eggs, veggies, cheese, fruits and fish. Boars, deer and hare were hunted but just as an addition to their already diet. Despite popular beliefs Greeks didn’t only prefer white clothing, elaborate designs and bright colours were also favoured. Woman's length went to their ankles where as men's were to their knees. Made out of rectangle wool or linen fabric fastened with ornamental clasps and or clips.

4 Everyday life in ancient Mesopotamia Clothing in Mesopotamia was made out of wool or sheepskin usually, like life in Greece women wore long clothing and men to the knee with some also quite commonly in a kilt. Music festivals were popular among the people along with sports, board games and art related activities. While Mesopotamia gained better wealth and revenue more options for free entertainment were made available.

5 Mesopotamia daily living continued Their diet consisted of grains as barley, a lot of onion, leeks, garlic, fresh produce also included lettuce and cucumbers. Fish was a attainable luxury. Mutton, goat and pork were eaten where veal and beef were for who could afford it. Meat was more popular in the cities then countryside as it spoiled easy in the heat. Jobs were in a hierarchy system, going from priests to kings and officials, scribes and like Greece, soldiers, craftsmen and farmers and at the bottom slaves.

6 Ancient Greek architecture and customs Approximately 98% of Greece's people belong to the Greek orthodox church. Eldest children were named after the grandparents to continue the family name or after a saint. Birthdays were not celebrated but rather Name day celebrated, the day to celebrate the person they were named after or associated with. The architecture is known for many temples many of which are now ruins. Wood in the beginning would be used to make buildings if not the whole building while marble wasn’t commonly used till the 5 th century.

7 Mesopotamia architecture and customs Mesopotamians were fortunate with readily available natural resources for building. They used thick walls which provided adequate insulation. They also developed the arch and column. Mesopotamia had a major brick making industry and was used more so as wood wasn’t as readily available and mud for bricks was in an abundance. Flat roofs were also used which in turn gave more living space. A amulet with the demon Pazuzu was worn by expectant mothers to chase away any harm to the unborn baby. Believing in a polytheistic belief system meant they believed in many gods and goddesses instead of just one.

8 Mesopotamian Creation Myth Gilgamesh and the Netherworld is a Sumerian myth still known today. It is thought that the gods and universe already were in existence, heavens and earth were together only to be split apart later on. The gods and goddesses at first did all the work, farming, building ect and when that became to much they decided to create humans to serve under them and take the load off of the gods and goddesses.

9 Mesopotamia Creation continued Humans said to be were created by Enki who lived in an underwater house. He gathered clay from around his home and formed humans. He breathed life into them but it was limited as only gods and goddesses could live forever. From what I have gathered this wasn’t negative in my eyes. It helped place standards and a hierarchy system for the gods, goddesses and humans. Creating a better understanding of why they are here and appreciation.

10 Ancient Greek creation mythology In the beginning there was an abundance of nothingness also known as chaos. Then came Gaia (mother earth) and Uranus (light) together they pro created 6 pairs of twins the most important being Rhea and Kronos. Gaia gave birth to Cyclopes (monsters) Uranus angered Gaia by making her keep them in her womb out of his dislike for them. Angered by his actions Gaia sought revenge. She had Kronos cut off his genitals and from this the blood that poured, the goddess of love and beauty was created, Aphrodite. Kronos married his sister Rhea who gave birth to 6 children. Kronos swallowed each child after birth because of a prophecy that worried him he had gotten before hand.

11 Ancient Greek Creation continued Like her mothers past, this angered her. So she decided to save Zeus and gave Kronos a rock to eat instead. Because she had tricked Kronos, Zeus was raised by a centaur who is also the son of Kronos. When Zeus was old enough he tricked Kronos into drinking a mixture that made him vomit the gods he had swallowed who being immortal had been growing undigested. Kronos was banished to Tartarus. From then on Zeus was the ruler of the Gods and then created man for entertainment. It was focused on changing ideals, chaos to revenge to love to revenge. It influenced peoples actions since it was their belief system they saw it dictating where they went after death.

12 Conclusion of both In my opinion the Greek creation myth was not as organized nor practical. While its interesting its all over the place and shows a lot of revenge and redundancy. Where Mesopotamians had more practical views in my eyes. Both Mesopotamian and Greek mythology talk about creating humans but for two different purposes. Greeks used humans as entertainment where Mesopotamians used humans to take their work load and serve them. Which in my mind makes more sense and is more realistic if we are talking realistic myths and stories. Both cultures had gods, goddesses and monsters along with humans. Similarities in clothing came in the form of length for example. Women wore to the ankle and men wore to the knee. Occupations like anywhere were similar, farming, scribes, building and craftsmanship. While there are similarities both cultures have their own identity making them what we know now as ancient Greece and Mesopotamia's culture.

13 REFRENCES ure#slide=2 tradition3.htm e

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