Presentation on theme: "The Cowboy. Bringing the Cattle to North America Cattle and Horses came from Spain on Columbus’ second voyage in 1494. Map of Columbus’ second voyage."— Presentation transcript:
Bringing the Cattle to North America Cattle and Horses came from Spain on Columbus’ second voyage in Map of Columbus’ second voyage from Spain. Livestock first came to these islands and were later transported to Mexico.
These Cattle would produce: ●The Spanish Fighting Bull ●The Texas Longhorn
The Mexican Cowboy Vaquero –Consisted mainly of Indians –Low-class position –Predecessor to the American Cowboy Influenced cowboy dress and dialect
The Texas Cowboy By ,000 cattle roamed Texas By million cattle roamed Texas
Cowboy Days began after the Civil War. Freedmen and others moved to Texas to herd all the unbranded cattle. 1/3 American Cowboys were: –Native American –Black –Mexican
Before the Drive Open Range –Cattle from all ranches grazed together Branding –Essential to distinguish between cattle
Rustlers –Tried to steal unbranded cattle Roundup –Every spring, the cowboys herd all the cattle together from the range and brand the new calves.
Positions of an Outfit Boss - Foreman –Put outfit together –Paid $125 a month –Rode ahead of the herd –Decided which trail to take –Collected bills of sale for livestock
Cowboy – –Paid $25 - $40 a month –Worked the herd –Three different positions during the drive Segundo- Even with the boss Segundo Swing – behind the boss Swing Flank – behind the swing Flank Drag – behind the herd (usually the least experienced) Drag
Wrangler – –Youngest of an Outfit –Took care of the Remuda (horse herd) –Each cowboy took three to four horses with him on a drive.
The Cook –Older than the cowboys –More experienced than the cowboys –Paid more than the cowboys –Traveled a mile ahead of the herd with the Chuckwagon Chuckwagon –Found camp –Prepared all meals (3:00 am, Noon, Evening) –Took on other odd jobs: Doctor Tailor Barber
The Drive At first they traveled about 25 miles a day. They then Traveled miles a day –Allowed plenty of grazing time for cattle to stay fat Trip took 4-6 months
Cowboy songs –Entertainment for lonely days –Kept cattle calm
Trails The Western The Chisholm Goodnight-Loving
Cow Towns Emerged as a result of the drives. –Abilene –Dodge City –Ellsworth
Cowboy Hat Boots Chaps Shirt Lariat Bandana Gun Saddle
Cowboy Hat Besides his horse, this was his most prized possession. It was based off the Sombrero used by vaqueros
The Shirt Usually made of cotton. No pockets. If a cowboy wanted pockets, he wore a vest.
The Saddle Could weigh up to 40 pounds A cowboy wasn’t afraid to spend a months wages on a nice one. At the end of a drive, a cowboy might sell his horse, but never his saddle.
The Bandana A Bandana was used to keep the dust out of a cowboy’s face, or it was worn underneath the cowboy hat.
Chaps Chaps are like seatless trousers. They protect a cowboy From the elements, brush, and rope burns.
The Gun A cowboy hardly ever carried a gun. It was too much gear for a hard days work. If they did carry a gun however, it was the famous, Colt.45 Revolver. It shoots six times before having to reload. Generally used for hunting meals rather than fighting Indians.
Boots and Spurs Boots and Spurs Boots had high heels to keep the foot in the stirrup. Spurs were attached to the boot and used to encourage the horse to move.
The Lariat Lariat comes from the Spanish word “ la reata.” Made of twisted grass or raw hide. Unlike a gun, a cowboy was never seen without his lariat.
A cowboy’s horse was “wild” for its first couple years. After being caught, a “bronco buster” was appointed to tame the animal. bronco busterbronco buster This tradition paved the way to the rodeo.
The Bronco Buster…
Difficulties to the Job Animals try to break lose and head back to the homeland Lack of water The elements: dust, rain, wind, storm Lack of sleep Other animals: snakes, coyotes, etc...
But the biggest danger was a STAMPEDE. It could mean: –Loss of cattle –Death And then there was the matter of crossing through…
Indians did not like cowboys crossing over their land. These conflicts, however, rarely ended in gunfights. Most of the time cowboys just paid a toll for every cow that crossed the land.
End of the Cowboy Days What brought the cowboy days to a halt? –Harsh winter of –Expansion of the Railroads –Sheep herders move east –Barbed Wire