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The Cowboy. Bringing the Cattle to North America  Cattle and Horses came from Spain on Columbus’ second voyage in 1494. Map of Columbus’ second voyage.

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Presentation on theme: "The Cowboy. Bringing the Cattle to North America  Cattle and Horses came from Spain on Columbus’ second voyage in 1494. Map of Columbus’ second voyage."— Presentation transcript:

1 The Cowboy

2 Bringing the Cattle to North America  Cattle and Horses came from Spain on Columbus’ second voyage in Map of Columbus’ second voyage from Spain. Livestock first came to these islands and were later transported to Mexico.

3 These Cattle would produce: ●The Spanish Fighting Bull ●The Texas Longhorn

4 The Mexican Cowboy  Vaquero –Consisted mainly of Indians –Low-class position –Predecessor to the American Cowboy  Influenced cowboy dress and dialect

5 The Texas Cowboy  By ,000 cattle roamed Texas  By million cattle roamed Texas

6  Cowboy Days began after the Civil War.  Freedmen and others moved to Texas to herd all the unbranded cattle.  1/3 American Cowboys were: –Native American –Black –Mexican

7 Before the Drive  Open Range –Cattle from all ranches grazed together  Branding –Essential to distinguish between cattle

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9  Rustlers –Tried to steal unbranded cattle  Roundup –Every spring, the cowboys herd all the cattle together from the range and brand the new calves.

10 Round UP

11 Positions of an Outfit  Boss - Foreman –Put outfit together –Paid $125 a month –Rode ahead of the herd –Decided which trail to take –Collected bills of sale for livestock

12  Cowboy – –Paid $25 - $40 a month –Worked the herd –Three different positions during the drive  Segundo- Even with the boss Segundo  Swing – behind the boss Swing  Flank – behind the swing Flank  Drag – behind the herd (usually the least experienced) Drag

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14  Wrangler – –Youngest of an Outfit –Took care of the Remuda (horse herd) –Each cowboy took three to four horses with him on a drive.

15  The Cook –Older than the cowboys –More experienced than the cowboys –Paid more than the cowboys –Traveled a mile ahead of the herd with the Chuckwagon Chuckwagon –Found camp –Prepared all meals (3:00 am, Noon, Evening) –Took on other odd jobs:  Doctor  Tailor  Barber

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18 The Drive  At first they traveled about 25 miles a day.  They then Traveled miles a day –Allowed plenty of grazing time for cattle to stay fat  Trip took 4-6 months

19  Cowboy songs –Entertainment for lonely days –Kept cattle calm

20 Trails  The Western  The Chisholm  Goodnight-Loving

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22 Cow Towns  Emerged as a result of the drives. –Abilene –Dodge City –Ellsworth

23 Cowboy Apparel

24 Cowboy Hat Boots Chaps Shirt Lariat Bandana Gun Saddle

25 Cowboy Hat  Besides his horse, this was his most prized possession.  It was based off the Sombrero used by vaqueros

26 The Shirt  Usually made of cotton. No pockets. If a cowboy wanted pockets, he wore a vest.

27 The Saddle  Could weigh up to 40 pounds  A cowboy wasn’t afraid to spend a months wages on a nice one.  At the end of a drive, a cowboy might sell his horse, but never his saddle.

28 The Bandana A Bandana was used to keep the dust out of a cowboy’s face, or it was worn underneath the cowboy hat.

29 Chaps  Chaps are like seatless trousers. They protect a cowboy From the elements, brush, and rope burns.

30 The Gun  A cowboy hardly ever carried a gun. It was too much gear for a hard days work.  If they did carry a gun however, it was the famous, Colt.45 Revolver.  It shoots six times before having to reload.  Generally used for hunting meals rather than fighting Indians.

31 Boots and Spurs Boots and Spurs  Boots had high heels to keep the foot in the stirrup.  Spurs were attached to the boot and used to encourage the horse to move.

32 The Lariat  Lariat comes from the Spanish word “ la reata.”  Made of twisted grass or raw hide.  Unlike a gun, a cowboy was never seen without his lariat.

33 The Horse…

34  A cowboy’s horse was “wild” for its first couple years.  After being caught, a “bronco buster” was appointed to tame the animal. bronco busterbronco buster  This tradition paved the way to the rodeo.

35 The Bronco Buster…

36 Difficulties to the Job  Animals try to break lose and head back to the homeland  Lack of water  The elements: dust, rain, wind, storm  Lack of sleep  Other animals: snakes, coyotes, etc...

37  But the biggest danger was a STAMPEDE. It could mean: –Loss of cattle –Death  And then there was the matter of crossing through…

38 Indian Territory

39  Indians did not like cowboys crossing over their land.  These conflicts, however, rarely ended in gunfights.  Most of the time cowboys just paid a toll for every cow that crossed the land.

40 End of the Cowboy Days  What brought the cowboy days to a halt? –Harsh winter of –Expansion of the Railroads –Sheep herders move east –Barbed Wire


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