Presentation is loading. Please wait.

Presentation is loading. Please wait.

Talking about the Past in English Start-up 11 | Virgínia Barros ✪ Vanessa Reis Esteves ✪ Luísa Barros.

Similar presentations


Presentation on theme: "Talking about the Past in English Start-up 11 | Virgínia Barros ✪ Vanessa Reis Esteves ✪ Luísa Barros."— Presentation transcript:

1 Talking about the Past in English Start-up 11 | Virgínia Barros ✪ Vanessa Reis Esteves ✪ Luísa Barros

2 PowerPoint Menu Start-up 11 | Virgínia Barros ✪ Vanessa Reis Esteves ✪ Luísa Barros

3 Fill in the graphic organiser about talking about the past in English What I KNOW about past tenses in English What I WANT to know about Past tenses in English What I LEARNT about Past Tenses in English Start-up 11 | Virgínia Barros ✪ Vanessa Reis Esteves ✪ Luísa Barros

4 Now compare ideas with a partner and complete your graphic organiser. What I KNOW about past tenses in English What I WANT to know about Past tenses in English What I LEARNT about Past Tenses in English Start-up 11 | Virgínia Barros ✪ Vanessa Reis Esteves ✪ Luísa Barros

5 You are going to watch a film trailer called “Crush”. What do you think happened in this film? Start-up 11 | Virgínia Barros ✪ Vanessa Reis Esteves ✪ Luísa Barros

6 Now watch the trailer and find out. Start-up 11 | Virgínia Barros ✪ Vanessa Reis Esteves ✪ Luísa Barros

7 What can you remember? Order the following events according to what happened in the trailer. EventOrder Scott was running and listening to music. 1 Bess drew a heart around Scott in her yearbook. Bess decided that if she couldn’t have Scott nobody else could. Scott’s girlfriend warned him that Bess had a crush on him. Scott bumped into Bess. Scott received love mail. Scott asked Bess if she was ok. Scott ran by Bess’ house. Bess got a crush on Scott. Scott was trailing and got injured

8 Check your work. EventOrder Scott was running and listening to music. 1 Bess drew a heart around Scott in her yearbook. 4 Bess decided that if she couldn’t have Scott nobody else could. 10 Scott’s girlfriend warned him that Bess had a crush on him. 7 Scott bumped into Bess. 2 Scott received love mail. 8 Scott asked Bess if she was ok. 3 Scott ran by Bess’ house. 5 Bess got a crush on Scott. 6 Scott was trailing and got injured 9

9 Let’s take a closer look at what happened in the film. Now Before now – Past 6. Bess got a crush 1. Scott: running 2. Scott: crashed into Bess 3. Scott: asked Bess : OK? 5.Scott ran by Bess’ window 4. Bess drew heart 7. Scott was warned 8. Scott love mail 9. Scott hurt 10. The fatal decision Present We use the past tenses to talk about finished past actions (that happened before now). Start-up 11 | Virgínia Barros ✪ Vanessa Reis Esteves ✪ Luísa Barros

10 Which past tenses are there? Past Simple Past Continuous Past Perfect Simple Past Perfect Continuous Start-up 11 | Virgínia Barros ✪ Vanessa Reis Esteves ✪ Luísa Barros

11 Past Simple: Form – Regular verbs AffirmativeNegativeInterrogative I watched the film.I didn’t watch the film.Did I watch the film? You watched the film.You didn’t watch the film.Did you watch the film? He, she, it watched the film.He, she, it didn’t watch the film.Did he, she, it watch the film? We watched the film.We didn’t watch the film.Did we watch the film? You watched the film.You didn’t watch the film.Did you watch the film? They watched the film.They didn’t watch the film.Did they watch the film? Time expressions: yesterday, last week, two days ago, in 2013 Start-up 11 | Virgínia Barros ✪ Vanessa Reis Esteves ✪ Luísa Barros

12 AffirmativeNegativeInterrogative I went to the cinema.I didn’t go to the cinema.Did I go to the cinema? You went to the cinema.You didn’t go to the cinema.Did you go to the cinema? He, she, it went to the cinema. He, she, it didn’t go to the cinema Did he, she, it go to the cinema? We went to the cinema.We didn’t go to the cinema.Did we go to the cinema? You went to the cinema.You didn’t go to the cinema.Did you go to the cinema? They went to the cinema.They didn’t go to the cinema.Did they go to the cinema? Irregular verbs: 2 nd column of the leading forms Start-up 11 | Virgínia Barros ✪ Vanessa Reis Esteves ✪ Luísa Barros Past Simple: Form – Irregular verbs

13 Leading forms For a complete list of the leading forms go to: For further practice, go to: Start-up 11 | Virgínia Barros ✪ Vanessa Reis Esteves ✪ Luísa Barros

14 Past Simple: Function. 1.Actions that took place at a specific time in the past: Last Tuesday Scott went for a run in the neighbourhood. 2.A sequence of events in the past: He bumped into Bess and asked her if she was ok. 3.Past habits or routines: During the summer, he ran everyday to keep fit. Before now – Past 1. Scott: crashed into Bess 2. Scott: asked Bess: OK? Last Tuesday… Present Start-up 11 | Virgínia Barros ✪ Vanessa Reis Esteves ✪ Luísa Barros

15 Exercise: Put the verbs in brackets in the past simple. Dear Diary: Last night I 1._____________ (watch) a film at the cinema. This time I 2.______________ (not buy) popcorn because I 3.____________ (not have) enough money with me. It 4._________ (be) called “The Crush”. In the film Scott 5. ___________ (fight) to control an admirer whose crush on him 6. _______ (be) out of control. He 7.______ (do) everything he could to protect his girlfriend. However, he 8.______________ (not beat) Bess before the worst 9.____________ (happen). I 10.___________ (not be) surprised with the film’s ending. The film was rather entertaining and I 11.____________ (think) about recommending it to that special person who you know about. Who knows? Perhaps I’ll pick up the phone. watched didn’t buydidn’t have was fought did didn’t beat happened wasn’t thought was Start-up 11 | Virgínia Barros ✪ Vanessa Reis Esteves ✪ Luísa Barros

16 AffirmativeNegativeInterrogative I was watching the film.I wasn’t watching the film.Was I watching the film? You were watching the film.You weren’t watching the film.Were you watching the film? He, she, it was watching the film. He, she, it wasn’t watching the film. Was he, she, it watching the film? We were watching the film.We weren’t watching the film.Were we watching the film? You were watching the film.You weren’t watching the film.Were you watching the film? They were watching the film.They weren’t watching the film. Were they watching the film? Time expressions: while, as, all morning, at 3 o’clock yesterday Past Continuous: Form

17 Past Continuous: Function. 1.Actions which were in progress at a specific time in the past: Last Tuesday at 3 o’clock Scott was running in the neighbourhood. 2.Two simultaneous actions (happening at the same time): Last Tuesday Beth was looking out the window and Scott was running. 3.An annoying or irritating habit: Beth was always sending Scott love mail. Before now – Past 1. Beth was looking out the window 2. Scott: was running Last Tuesday at 3 o’clock… Present

18 Past Continuous: Function. 3.An action that was interrupted by another: That afternoon while Beth was leaving the house when Scott ran into her. When Scott ran into Beth she was leaving the house. Before now – Past 1. Beth was leaving the house 2. Scott ran into her That afternoon… Present Action: interrupted before it finished Start-up 11 | Virgínia Barros ✪ Vanessa Reis Esteves ✪ Luísa Barros

19 a.In the film Scott ______________ (run) to keep fit when he crashed into Bess. b.After this incident Bess’ mother ______________ (chat) to her daughter to find out more about Scott. c.A few days later, Bess _______________ (stand) in front of her window, ____________ (wait) for Scott to run past. d.Despite trying hard, she ________________ (not succeed) to control her feelings. Instead, Bess __________________ (always follow) Scott around. e.Scott’s girlfriend _____________ (try) to keep cool about the whole situation. They ________________ (pretend) everything was normal. But things _______________ (get) out of control. f.Scott _____________ (not live) a normal life anymore. Exercise: Put the verbs in brackets in the past continuous. was running was chatting was standing waiting wasn’t succeeding was always following was trying were pretending were getting wasn’t living Start-up 11 | Virgínia Barros ✪ Vanessa Reis Esteves ✪ Luísa Barros

20 AffirmativeNegativeInterrogative I had watched the film.I hadn’t watched the film.Had I watched the film? You had watched the film.You hadn’t watched the film.Had you watched the film? He, she, it had watched the film. He, she, it hadn’t watched the film. Had he, she, it watched the film? We had watched the film.We hadn’t watched the film.Had we watched the film? You had watched the film.You hadn’t watched the film.Had you watched the film? They had watched the film. They hadn’t watched the film. Had they watched the film? Time expressions: when, after, before, as, as soon as, until, just, by the time… Past Perfect Simple: Form

21 Past Perfect Simple: Function 1.Actions which took place before another action in the past: By the time Scott realised (action 2) what was happening, the crush had already got (action 1) out of control. 2.Action which took place before a specific time in the past: At 9 pm last night (specific past time) Beth had already written Scott another love letter. 1. The crush had got out of control. 2. Scott realised what was happening Past: before present Before an action in the past (before-before) Start-up 11 | Virgínia Barros ✪ Vanessa Reis Esteves ✪ Luísa Barros

22 a.I _____________ (watch) the film when you invited me to watch it with you. b.______ Bess ______ (lose) control when she sent Jules the ? c.By the time Scott spoke to Bess, she ______________ (decide) to eliminate any obstacles in her path. d.The police ________________ (not suspect) Bess before they first spoke to her. e.By then Bess ________________ (already do) a lot of damage. f.Bess’ mother __________________ (never think) her daughter was capable of such brutality. g.People ______________ (suffer) a lot when the situation was solved. Scott ________________ (almost die) as well. had watched Had had already done had decided hadn’t suspected had suffered had never thought lost had almost died Exercise: Put the verbs in brackets in the past perfect simple. Start-up 11 | Virgínia Barros ✪ Vanessa Reis Esteves ✪ Luísa Barros

23 AffirmativeNegativeInterrogative I had been watching the film. I hadn’t been watching the film. Had I been watching the film? You had been watching the film. You hadn’t been watching the film. Had you been watching the film? He, she, it had been watching the film. He, she, it hadn’t been watching the film. Had he, she, it been watching the film? We had been watching the film. We hadn’t been watching the film. Had we been watching the film? You had been watching the film. You hadn’t been watching the film. Had you been watching the film? They had been watching the film. They hadn’t been watching the film. Had they been watching the film? Time expressions: when, after, before, as, as soon as, until, just, by the time… Past Perfect Continuous: Form

24 Past Perfect Continuous: Function 1.Actions in progress before another action in the past (emphasise the duration of the first action): Bess had been sending (action 1) lots of love letters when Scott realised who the sender was. Compare: I had written 6 letters before lunch. (emphasise result) I had been writing letters all morning. (emphasise process and duration) 1. Bess had been sending lots of love letters. 2. Scott realised who the sender was. Past: before present Action in progress before an action in the past (before-before)

25 a.We ________________ (watch) the film for an hour when I felt thirsty. b.______ they _____________ (try) to stop Bess before she did something serious? c.By the time Scott spoke to Bess, she __________________ (plan) to eliminate Jules. d.The students at school____________________ (not expect) to ever go to school with someone as violent as Bess. e.By then Bess __________________(leaving) Jules loads of hate messages. f.Bess’ teachers_____________________ (wonder) what was causing Bess’ strange behaviour. They ___________________ (not find) any answers to this dilemma up till then. had been watching Had had been leaving had been planning hadn’t been expecting hadn’t been finding had been wondering been trying Exercise: Put the verbs in brackets in the past perfect continuous. Start-up 11 | Virgínia Barros ✪ Vanessa Reis Esteves ✪ Luísa Barros

26 Now complete the text below with the verbs in brackets in an appropriate tense in the past. One morning Scott 1. ___________ (jog) as usual when he 2.______ (meet) an admirer he 3._____________ (not know) he had. She 4._________________ (already see) him before and at that time she already 5._______ (have) a crush on him. For some time, she 6._________________ (try) to build up the courage to speak up to him. The next day she 7.______________ (think) of ing him and 8._____________ (send) him some chocolates and a secret message. When she 9.____________ (find) out that he 10.___________ (go) with someone, she 11.________ (feel) very upset. She 12. _______________ (not plan) on accepting that. She soon 13. __________ (come) up with a plan. was jogging met didn’t know had already seen had had been trying was thinking sending found was going felt wasn’t planning came Start-up 11 | Virgínia Barros ✪ Vanessa Reis Esteves ✪ Luísa Barros


Download ppt "Talking about the Past in English Start-up 11 | Virgínia Barros ✪ Vanessa Reis Esteves ✪ Luísa Barros."

Similar presentations


Ads by Google