a) Sonu -ed, -ing ile biten pek çok sıfatlarlar vardır. Örneğin; interesting, interested, boring, bored gibi. Sonu -ed ile biten sıfatlar insanlar için kullanılır ve insanların içlerinde hissettikleridir. - I am interested. (İlgiliyim, ilgi duyuyorum.) - She is bored. (onun canı sıkkın.) - They are surprised. (Onlar şaşkın.)
b) Sonu -ing ile biten sıfatlar ise hem insanlar hem de nesneler için kullanılabilir. Genelde bizim dışarıdan algıladıklarımızdır. - Her job is very interesting. (Onun işi çok ilginç.) - She is a very boring person. (O çok sıkıcı bir kişi.)
Aşağıdaki cümleleri inceleyelim; Someone is surprised because something is surprising. Someone is disappointed because something is disappointing. Someone is tired because something is tiring.
Compare these examples:(Bu örnekleri karşılaştırın) interesting Julia thinks politics is very interesting. interested Julia is very interested in politics. (not `interesting in politics') interesting Did you meet anyone interesting at the party? interested Are you interested in buying a car? I'm trying to sell mine.
surprising It was quite surprising that he passed the examination. surprised Everybody was surprised that he passed the examination. disappointing The film was disappointing. I expected it to be much better. disappointed I was disappointed with the film. I expected it to be much better. shocking The news was shocking. shocked We were very shocked when we heard the news.
Alıştırmalar(cevaplar aşağıda) A: Cümleleri tamamlayın. Gerilen kelime + -ing ya da –ed kullanın. 1-- The film wasn't as good as we had expected. (disappoint-) a -The film was...disappointing… b- We were...disappointed... with the film. 2 --Diana teaches young children. It's a very hard job but she enjoys it. (exhaust-) a- She enjoys her job but it's often...... b- At the end of a day's work, she is often.......
3 -- It's been raining all day. I hate this weather. (depress-) a -This weather is......... b- This weather makes me......... c- It's silly to get..........because of the weather. 4--- Clare is going to the United States next month. She has never been there before. (excit-) a-- It will be an.............experience for her. b-- Going to new places is always.............. c --She is really.............about going to the United States.
B: Doğru kelimeyi seçin. 1--I was disappointig/ disappointed with the film. I had expected it to be better. 2 --Are you interesting / interested in football? 3-- The football match was quite exciting / excited. I enjoyed it. 4-- It's sometimes embarrassing / embarrassed when you have to ask people for money. 5-- Do you easily get embarrassing / embarrassed? 6 --I had never expected to get the job. I was really amazing / amazed when I was offered it.
7-- She has really learnt very fast. She has made astonishing / astonished progress. 8 --I didn't find the situation funny. I was not amusing / amused. 9-- It was a really terrifying / terrified experience. Afterwards everybody was very shocking / shocked. 10-- Why do you always look so boring / bored? Is your life really so boring / bored? 11-- He's one of the most boring / bored people I've ever met. He never stops talking and he never says anything interesting / interested.
C: Kelimelerden birini seçerek cümleleri tamamlayın. amusing / amused-- confusing / confused-- exhausting / exhausted annoying / annoyed-- disgusting / disgusted-- interesting / interested boring / bored-- exciting / excited-- surprising / surprised 1 -- He works very hard. It's not...surprising... that he's always tired. 2 -- I've got nothing to do. I'm........... 3 -- The teacher's explanation was...........Most of the students didn't understand it. 4 -- The kitchen hadn't been cleaned for ages. It was really …………. 5 -- I seldom visit art galleries. I'm not particularly.............in art. 6 -- There's no need to get..................just because I'm a few minutes late. 7-- The lecture was.......................... I fell asleep. 8 -- I asked Emily if she wanted to come out with us but she wasn't................. 9 -- I've been working very hard all day and now I'm................... 10 - I'm starting a new job next week. I'm quite......................about it. 11 - Tom is very good at telling funny stories. He can be very..................... 12 - Liz is a very.................person. She knows a lot, she's travelled a lot and she's done lots of different things.
1. Grammar rules frustrate me. They're not logical. They are so __________. 2. They frustrate me but they don't bore me. I am never __________ when I study grammar. 3. Normally a language class stimulates me. Of course, it depends on the teacher. With some teachers I don't feel __________. 4. Their classes bore me. And I'm not the only one. Many students find these classes very __________. 5. If teachers want to interest the students, they must use __________ material. 6. How can teachers interest students? One way is to have __________ discussions. 7.Certain subjects interest almost everybody. For example, most students are __________ in the subject of crime and morality.
8. It's important to speak in a language class, but it frightens many students. They are too __________ to speak in front of so many people. 9. And me? Well, certain things frighten me, but not that. I am never __________ when I speak in class. 10. Exams, however, really frighten me. Exams are the only __________ thing in a language course. 11. Exams tire me, both physically and emotionally. After a two-hour exam I am really __________. 12. All the mental effort exhausts the student. Ask anybody. They all agree. Exams are __________. 13. But if I get a good grade, now that excites me. And if I get more than ninety percent, I am really __________. 14. In conclusion, I must confess that languages fascinate me. I will always want to learn a new and __________ language.
EXERCISE If a story depresses you, how would you describe the story? How would you describe yourself? If some work tires you, how would you describe yourself? How would you describe the work? If a book disappoints you, how would you describe the book? How would you describe yourself? If a noise annoys you, How would you describe the noise? How would you describe yourself?
HOW CAN YOU DESCRIBE THE EXPERIENCES BELOW? YOU GET STUCK IN A LIFT. YOU GO ON A 15-MILE WALK, THEN CLIMB THREE MOUNTAINS. YOU GO ON THE BIGGEST ROLLER COASTER IN THE. WORLD YOU FIND A SPIDER IN THE BATH. SOMEONE SHOWS YOU THEIR HOLIDAY PHOTOS FOR HOURS AND HOURS.