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1 Taken From:

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4  Throughout history, animals have played a key role in human life  We have depended upon animals for › Food › Clothing › Transportation  There is a symbiotic relationships between small animals and humans

5  People initially viewed animals as a source of food and used skins for clothing  The first animal to go from prey to pet ( domesticated )was the wolf about 14,000 years ago  People discovered that young wolf cubs could be trained  They were used for hunting, guarding and herding.  Evidence exists that some were even pets.

6  12,000 years ago  Paleolithic tomb in Northern Israel  Human was buried with a small dog  The dead person’s hand had been arranged so it rested on the animal’s shoulder  What do you think?

7  As people evolved from nomadic hunters to settled farmers about 8,000 years ago, animals changed too  Working dogs were valued  Cats became accepted as pets because the ate mice  Birds of prey were used in hunting  Small animals became pets starting with the Pharaohs of Egypt, Chinese Emperors, Greek and Roman nobility.

8  In medieval Europe, pet keeping was popular among the aristocracy and senior church clergy  Lap dogs were fashionable with ladies  Male nobles preferred hunting dogs and falcons  Dog breeding spread throughout Europe as different types of hounds were developed for hunting specific animals

9  Pet keeping wasn’t generally accepted until the end of the 17 th century  It wasn’t common with the middle class until the late 18 th century  One of the first competitive dog shows took place in Britain in 1859 for the Pointer and Setter breeds  Pets were not considered appropriate for lower class people

10  Pets now have a number of roles › Ornamental Status Symbol (Paris Hilton) › Helpers (Seeing Eye Dogs) › Companions (Family Pet)  Companionship is the number one reason for pet ownership.  Growing awareness of positive effects the pet to person relationship can have on human health and well being Taken From: ed/topic/453505/pet

11  Create a timeline of the evolution of pets  Be sure to include each of the following time periods › Prehistoric › Ancient Civilizations › Middle Ages › Victorian Times › Modern Society

12  What does the term Domestication mean?  Describe a symbiotic relationship between animals and humans.  Name one time period and the use of small animals at that time.

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14  Domestication of small animals: topic/453505/pet topic/453505/pet  The Evolution of Pet Ownership: Dog/Article-Library/The-Evolution-of-Pet- Ownership.aspx Dog/Article-Library/The-Evolution-of-Pet- Ownership.aspx

15  Social Studies I, A, 2, a;  Social Studies II, B, 5, a-b;  Social Studies II, B, 6, b

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