Examples The child was happy to receive the gift You were late again this morning
SIMPLE PAST (finished action) Finished action, no connection with present – My grandfather worked for a newspaper. – I hated school. With words for a finished time, like yesterday, in 2002, ago, then, when – I saw Ann yesterday. (NOT I have seen Ann yesterday) – Bill phoned three days ago.
SIMPLE PAST (finished action) Stories – A man walked into a café and sat down at a table. The waiter asked … Details (time, place etc) of news – The cat has eaten your supper. She took it off the table. – Bill has had an accident. He fell off his bicycle when he was going to work.
1. Action verbs in simple past tense I/ You/ We/ They/ He/ She/ It + Past tense form of regular verb / irregular verb
2. The negative form of the ‘be’ verbs AffirmativeNegative (Shortened form) waswas + notwasn’t The child was happy to receive the gift. The child was not happy to receive the gift. The child wasn’t happy to receive the gift. wereWere + notweren’t You were late.You were not late. You weren’t late..
3. The negative form of action verbs AffirmativeNegative (Contraction) laugheddid + not + laughdidn’t laugh cutdid + not + cutdidn’t cut
SIMPLE PAST TENSEPAST CONTINUOUS TENSE FORM 1. the same for all persons He left at three o’clock. They arrived three weeks ago. 2. most regular verbs add –ed to the base form of the verb ( worked, wanted, helped.....) there are many common irregular verbs ( go-went, meet-met, see- saw,.....) 1. Was / were + verb + -ing They were driving to Paris. We weren’t waiting for a long time. What were they doing ?
SIMPLE PAST TENSEPAST CONTINUOUS TENSE USE 1. a finished action in the past We met in 2007. When I was a child, we lived in a small house by the sea. 2. a complete action followed another When the doorbell rang, Ahmad went to the door. 1. an action which is not finished at a certain time What were you doing at six o’clock? I was brushing my teeth. 2. used together with simple past tense Past simple: new action that interrupts another action Past continuous: an action already in progress. When I reached there, Siti was playing with the baby.
SIMPLE PAST TENSEPAST CONTINUOUS TENSE USE 3. describe a scene The night market was very busy. Music was coming from radio cassette players. Young men were laughing and talking. With words like not, just, often between the two words of a past continuous verb Others were just looking. With adverbs ending – ly She was quietly laughing at him.