5Examples The child was happy to receive the gift You were late again this morning
6SIMPLE PAST (finished action) Finished action, no connection with presentMy grandfather worked for a newspaper.I hated school.With words for a finished time, like yesterday, in 2002, ago, then, whenI saw Ann yesterday. (NOT I have seen Ann yesterday)Bill phoned three days ago.
7SIMPLE PAST (finished action) StoriesA man walked into a café and sat down at a table. The waiter asked …Details (time, place etc) of newsThe cat has eaten your supper. She took it off the table.Bill has had an accident. He fell off his bicycle when he was going to work.
81. Action verbs in simple past tense I/ You/ We/ They/ He/ She/ It+Past tense form of regular verb / irregular verb
92. The negative form of the ‘be’ verbs AffirmativeNegative(Shortened form)waswas + notwasn’tThe child was happy to receive the gift.The child was not happy to receive the gift.The child wasn’t happy to receive the gift.wereWere + notweren’tYou were late.You were not late.You weren’t late..
103. The negative form of action verbs AffirmativeNegative(Contraction)laugheddid + not + laughdidn’t laughcutdid + not + cutdidn’t cut
151. the same for all persons He left at three o’clock. SIMPLE PAST TENSEPAST CONTINUOUS TENSEFORM1. the same for all personsHe left at three o’clock.They arrived three weeks ago.2. most regular verbs add –ed to the base form of the verb ( worked, wanted, helped .....)there are many common irregular verbs ( go-went, meet-met, see-saw,.....)1. Was / were + verb + -ingThey were driving to Paris.We weren’t waiting for a long time.What were they doing?
16SIMPLE PAST TENSE PAST CONTINUOUS TENSE USE 1. a finished action in the pastWe met in 2007.When I was a child, we lived in a small house by the sea.2. a complete action followed anotherWhen the doorbell rang, Ahmad went to the door.1. an action which is not finished at a certain timeWhat were you doing at six o’clock?I was brushing myteeth.2. used together with simple past tensePast simple: new action that interrupts another actionPast continuous: an action already in progress.When I reached there, Siti was playing with the baby.
17SIMPLE PAST TENSEPAST CONTINUOUS TENSEUSE3. describe a sceneThe night market was very busy. Music was coming from radio cassette players. Young men were laughing and talking.With words like not, just, often between the two words of a past continuous verbOthers were just looking.With adverbs ending –lyShe was quietly laughing at him.