Jamestown, 1619 Stopped eating each other Imported the first slaves Created the Virginia House of Burgesses First “representative” body in the future U.S.A.
Why does the VAHOB matter? Why would they create a governing organization? Because they needed governing. Why wasn’t Britain doing it? – Distance? – Didn’t care? – Busy with other things?
Salutary Neglect, Pilgrim Style Called “Separatist” Puritans Separatists…. Separate Didn’t like Anglican Church Anglican…. Englican England Didn’t like England
Pilgrim/Puritan/Massachusetts 1620 – Mayflower Compact – agreed to create a government based on majority rule Established town meetings 1636 – Created Harvard Shows they didn’t need England for governing or for education.
Other Salutary Neglect Stuff Colonists fought 2 wars against New France (Canada, aye), with little British help Britain passed a lot of laws that we ignored and they didn’t enforce (most involved trade) Colonial legislatures set their own tax rates We developed our own view of what it meant to be “British” It wasn’t very realistic.
1754-1763: French and Indian War Not between the French and Indians Also called the “Seven Years War” Actually nine years British and colonists vs. French and Indians French and Indians…. French = lose, Indians = die French and Indians =
The end of Salutary Neglect We win the war, but don’t get to go to Disneyland British begin to pay more attention to us A lot more attention Taxes New trade laws And, this time, they enforce them