Presentation on theme: "Where rock music all began…."— Presentation transcript:
1Where rock music all began…. 1950s Rock’n’Roll MusicWhere rock music all began….
2Rock musicA new kind of music developed in the 1950s which was first called rock’n’roll music and then later simplified to rock music.Though there are many different styles, rock music tends to be a vocal music that has a hard, driving beat, usually using bass, guitars and keyboards/pianos with a heavily amplified sound.The origins of rock’n’roll music came from jazz, blues and ragtime which had all developed from African music.Before the 1950s rock’n’roll music had already been created and was being played by black musicians, although it wasn’t until white musicians began to play this music that it was accepted by parents, and not just dismissed as ‘race’ music.Little Richard video
3Music before the 1950sMusic prior to the 1950s had predominantly been jazz music which during the 1920s – 1930s was mostly swing and big band music. In the 1940s jazz music began to change to a more fast paced and harder to dance to style of bebop music, that was very unique and contentious music.During the 1940s, rhythm and blues was the dominant style in the popular music scene. This was a rhythm and blues that didn’t include the electric guitar and didn’t always have a saxophone.There was also a large country music scene in America prior to the introduction to rock’n’roll music
4What was happening socially in the 1950s Racism was a major problem during the 1950s in America, Britain and South Africa in particular.There was also a ‘White Australia Policy’ which was a restriction on immigration and treated Aboriginals as second class citizensThroughout the 1950s a new threat of war was present through the mistrust of East and West, and this was known as the ‘Cold War.’
5The world was beginning to settle down after World War II and the world had divided into 3 groupings: the West (comprising the victorious allies from the War), the East (being the Communist World) and the Third World (independent nations).
6The consumer society had begun and many were interested in buying homes, cars, record players and electrical appliances.The 1956 Melbourne Olympics also had a large effect on many different aspects of life in the city, in preparation for the Games, and it was this year that saw Television come to Australia.
7The Social emergence of the ‘teenager’ The ’50s was dominated with the emergence of the teenager.Young people were either at school and therefore children or at work and regarded as adults.There was no in between period where kids could establish an individual identity.Due to the trends of music, movies and fashion being set in America or Britain, and with a lack of rapid transport, Australia was always months behind the latest trends.
8The Television and the rebellious teenager! With the introduction of T.V in 1956 this was improved although there were no communication satellites, which still delayed overseas programsAn Australian teenager wasn’t expected to rebel in Australia during the fifties – until rock’n’roll took off!
9The beginning of rock’n’roll music Rock’n’roll started in the USA. It combined the music styles of rhythm and blues and country music.This sound was being played by black American musicians such as Chuck Berry (who would later become famous for this music), but wasn’t being played to the radio-listening public by white American radio, and their CDs weren’t being bought, due to the racism problems in the world at that time.Leading black performers of this style were Little Richard, Chuck Berry, Bo Diddley and Fats Domino.Chuck Berry’s famous songs include Johnny B. Goode and Maybelline.All styles of rock’n’roll music were produced through minor and independent record labels.
10Little Richard (below) Chuck Berry videoBack to the future video
11Rock around the clockSo it wasn’t until a white country musician came along playing this same music that the public caught on and took notice. His name was Bill Haley and he played with his band the Comets.Hayley popularised this style of music to the white American teenager.
12In 1954, Haley and his comets recorded the song ‘Rock around the clock,’ which was used on the movie ‘Blackboard Jungle,’ which helped combine this new style of music with the image of teenage rebellion. (Rock around the clock video)
13The emergence of Elvis Presley As Haley and his comets kept rock’n’rolling throughout recording songs like ‘Shake, rattle and roll,’ his career took off, yet he severely lacked a teen appeal.Haley was 30 and wasn’t the image that teenage girls wanted to watch.As 1956 progressed Haley found himself playing second fiddle to a variety of rockers eager to cash in on the new style of rock’n’roll.
14The most famous and important of these new rockers was Elvis Presley, who had an enormous appeal to females, whilst males had an idol whom they would try and emulate. (Elvis video)
15Rock’n’roll betweenThese would be the most exciting time in rock and roll’s history.There were many artists emerging onto the scene and each had a different contribution to makeIndependent record companies and broadcaster continued to record and play this music, and the more conservative record companies were forced to accept that this style was here to stay
16Rock’n’roll had started a revolution. Artists like Chuck Berry, Little Richard and Fats Domino had all been recording prior to 1956, but their colour had prevented them from reaching mainstream white audiences. However all this changed with the emergence of Elvis.Black musicians began to have hits on the rock charts as opposed to the ‘r & b’ “race” charts.It is easy to see why parents and governments began to feel like they were losing control, and they blamed rock’n’roll.
17Rockers losing their ‘roll’ 1959 began to see the decline of some rock’n’roll superstars:Little Richard decided to abandon music for bible studies.Elvis had been conscripted to the armyJerry Lee Lewis found his career halted with the sensational press coverage of his marriage to his 13 year old third cousinBuddy Holly, Richie Valens and the Big Bopper in a plane crashChuck Berry who was jailed for 2 years, despite the set-up nature and racism of his trial
18The Australian Rock’n’Roll Scene 1956 would become an important year in Australian rock history, as radio DJs, Stan Rofe and John Laws, began to play rock’n’roll records which they got from air pilots and hostesses that came back from overseas.This meant that Australia began to hear Elvis, Roy Orbison and Jerry Lee Lewis.This would inspire and create a demand for our own Australia rock’n’roll stars. And this demand was quickly met by artists like Johnny O’Keefe and Col Joye.
19Music Shows on TVIn , music programs began to be broadcasted on television.The first show of this nature was ‘Bandstand,’ and this was very tame and family oriented compared with ‘Six O’Clock Rock’ which was hosted by ‘the Wild One’ Johnny O’Keefe.Top of the pops video
20International People of Rock’n’roll Bill Haley and the CometsChuck BerryBo DiddleyFats DominoLittle RichardElvis PresleyJerry Lee Lewis (right)
21Australians in the Rock’n’roll scene Johnny O’KeefeDelltonesCol Joye and the Joy BoysThe ThunderbirdsLonnie Lee
22RockabillyRock’n’roll music still developed into the next few decades of rock music.It began to combine with other elements of rock music such as punk, and there was a new style of music born, which began to be called ‘Rockabilly music.’The biggest band from this style was the ‘Stray Cats,’ who were fronted by Brian Setzer.This type of music is still being played by bands to this day, and an example of this is ‘The Living End,’ which were definitely inspired by the ‘Stray Cats.’Stray Cats Video
23Group taskIn groups of 3-4, pick one of the following artists: * Elvis Pressley* Chuck Berry* Johnny O’Keefe* Bill HaleyThen using the information and music provided, prepare a 5min presentation to report back to the class your findings
24What to include in your presentation: Biographical information about the artist (their musical influences, instruments, famous songs, etc.)What important events happened in their careersWhat was a key characteristic about their music, what could you hear.Choose one of the songs provided to show the rest of the class, that you think demonstrates the artists musicWhat events seemed to shape the artists music (were they writing about particular themes in their music)