Presentation on theme: "Listening and Responding"— Presentation transcript:
1Listening and Responding A Closer Look at ListeningThe International Listening Association
2The Ship That Couldn't Be Sunk One of the greatest tragedies in the history of sea travel occurred on the night of April 14, 1912, when the crew of the Titanic refused to listen to repeated warnings of icebergs. The crew had been led to believe that this brand-new passenger liner was "unsinkable." Even after the ship struck an iceberg and was slowly sinking, some of the passengers ignored the captain's orders to get into the lifeboats.When the ship finally began tilting dangerously, it was too late. There weren't enough lifeboats for all the passengers and worse still, the Californian, the only other ship in the area (about 10 miles away) made no attempt to reach the wreck. Her radio operator had gone off duty. He, too, wasn't listening. As a result, more than a thousand people needlessly lost their lives.Wait a minute! Say that again, Doris! you know the part about, 'If only we had some means of climbing down.'
4Listening facts Other studies say you listen 40% and speak 35% (pg 53) Executives say they spend upwards of 50% listening (pg 53)You my only remember 35% after 24 hours (pg 53)Employees of major North American corporations spend 60% of time listeningOf North American executives, 80% believe listening is one of the most important skills needed in the corporate environment.In committed relationships, listening in everyday conversations is ingredient of satisfactionThe ideal manager has ability to listen effectively, according to 1000 human resource executivesFewer than 2% of us have had any formal listening training (page 88)Students are in listening situations 65%-90% of the time.
5Listening and Hearing are NOT the same thing Hearing is a physiological process (passive and physical)Listening is a cognitive process (active and mental)“Listening is the conscious act of recognizing, understanding, and accurately interpreting the messages communicated by others” (pg 53).
6Selective Perception (pg 53-54) Selective Perception is when people pay attention selectively to certain messages while ignoring others.We pay attention to what we hold to be important.We pay attention to information that touches our experiences and backgrounds.We sort and filter new information on the basis of what we already know.
7Listening Process:1. Attending – paying attention to a signal / focusing on what a speaker is sayingUnderstanding – making sense of a message / decoding the messageRemembering – retaining the information and recalling itUnfortunately, research suggests people only remember 50% immediately after hearing it, only 35% within eight hours and within 2 days only remember 20% of the original messageEvaluating – critically analyzing the messageResponding – providing feedback
8Research shows link between effective listening and school success Unfortunately, people seem to get worse at the skill of listening as they get older:Teachers at various grade levels were asked to stop their lectures periodically and ask students to repeat what the teacher had been saying:90% of first graders could repeat80% of second graders could repeat44% of junior high students could repeat28% of senior high students could repeat
9Barriers to Active Listening (pg 55) (Reasons for Poor Listening) Effort – heart rate quickens, respiration increases, body temperature risesRapid thought – we are capable of understanding speech at rates between wpm, the average person only speaks between wpmMessage overloadLaziness and Overconfidence (pg 57)Cultural Barriers (pg 58)
10Barriers to Active Listening (pg 55) (Reasons for Poor Listening) Physical noise / External distractions (pg 56)Psychological noise / Internal distractions (pg 56)Defensive Listening (pg 56)Hearing problemsFaulty assumptions – heard it all before, information is too simple or complex, information is unimportantSelective ListeningPseudolistening (fake listening)
11Barriers to Active Listening (pg 55) (Reasons for Poor Listening) Talking has more apparent advantages – talking allows us to gain more (admiration, respect, liking). One study revealed that men interrupt more than women. Men interrupt to dominate or control conversation. Women interrupt to agree, elaborate on speaker’s idea, or participate in topic.Media Influences – programming consists of short segmentsShort attention spans – A 1999 study revealed the average attention span for adults is 20 minutes or less. (page 91)
12Improve Your Listening Set Listening Goals (pg 59)Look for key ideas (pg 59)Watch for nonverbal cues (pg 60)Get physically and mentally ready to listen (Effective listeners are likely to sit uprights, lean forward, cease unnecessary movement, look directly at instructor)Resist mental distractionsDon’t argue, interrupt, or judge prematurely – Hear the speaker out! (We typically stop listening before they have finished if we think we know what they are going to say)Observe nonverbal cues – gestures, voice, facial expressionsIdentify the benefits of the message – Be opportunist
13Improve Your Listening Ask questions to gain additional informationParaphraseRepeat the information – if information is not reinforced it will be held in short-term memory for as little as 20 seconds (page 97)Construct mnemonics - AURERTake GOOD notes