Presentation is loading. Please wait.

Presentation is loading. Please wait.

IMPROVING VOCABULARY SKILLS Fourth Edition Sherrie L. Nist © 2010 Townsend Press.

Similar presentations


Presentation on theme: "IMPROVING VOCABULARY SKILLS Fourth Edition Sherrie L. Nist © 2010 Townsend Press."— Presentation transcript:

1 IMPROVING VOCABULARY SKILLS Fourth Edition Sherrie L. Nist © 2010 Townsend Press

2 Unit Two: Chapter 10 degenerate sanctuary implausible scrutiny incoherent sinister intercede suffice intricatevulnerable

3 TEN WORDS IN CONTEXT Choose the meaning closest to that of the boldfaced word. 1 degenerate Degenerate means A. to improve. B. to remain the same. C. to get worse. Mr. Freedman’s family was called to the nursing home when the old man’s condition began to degenerate. It was feared he didn’t have long to live. Mel’s relationship with his parents degenerated when he dropped out of school against their wishes and became a bartender. – verb

4 TEN WORDS IN CONTEXT Choose the meaning closest to that of the boldfaced word. Degenerate means A. to improve. B. to remain the same. C. to get worse. Mr. Freedman’s family was called to the nursing home when the old man’s condition began to degenerate. It was feared he didn’t have long to live. Mel’s relationship with his parents degenerated when he dropped out of school against their wishes and became a bartender. If Mr. Freedman’s family was called to the nursing home, the man’s condition must have been getting worse. If Mel dropped out of school against his parents’ wishes, his relationship with his parents would get worse. 1 degenerate – verb

5 TEN WORDS IN CONTEXT Choose the meaning closest to that of the boldfaced word. 2 implausible – adjective Implausible means A. unbelievable. B. acceptable. C. valuable. As implausible as it may sound, southern Florida sometimes does get snow. Insurance companies hear such implausible excuses for auto accidents as “I hit the telephone pole when I was blinded by the lights of a flying saucer.”

6 TEN WORDS IN CONTEXT Choose the meaning closest to that of the boldfaced word. Implausible means A. unbelievable. B. acceptable. C. valuable. As implausible as it may sound, southern Florida sometimes does get snow. Insurance companies hear such implausible excuses for auto accidents as “I hit the telephone pole when I was blinded by the lights of a flying saucer.” It sounds unbelievable that it can snow in southern Florida. Being blinded by the lights of a flying saucer sounds like an unbelievable excuse for an accident. 2 implausible – adjective

7 TEN WORDS IN CONTEXT Choose the meaning closest to that of the boldfaced word. 3 incoherent – adjective Incoherent means A. calm. B. unclear. C. inconvenient. If Mitch doesn’t get some sleep soon, he’ll become completely incoherent. He’s so tired that he’s already having trouble expressing his thoughts clearly. My sister talks a lot in her sleep, but she’s so incoherent then that we can never figure out what she’s saying.

8 TEN WORDS IN CONTEXT Choose the meaning closest to that of the boldfaced word. Incoherent means A. calm. B. unclear. C. inconvenient. If Mitch doesn’t get some sleep soon, he’ll become completely incoherent. He’s so tired that he’s already having trouble expressing his thoughts clearly. My sister talks a lot in her sleep, but she’s so incoherent then that we can never figure out what she’s saying. If Mitch is already having trouble expressing his thoughts clearly, he is likely to become completely unclear. In the second item, if they can never figure out what the sister is saying, she must be unclear when she talks in her sleep. 3 incoherent – adjective

9 TEN WORDS IN CONTEXT When the principal said Harry couldn’t play in Friday’s football game, the coach interceded, hoping to change the principal’s mind. Inez’s parents refused to come to her wedding until her brother interceded and persuaded them to come after all. 4 intercede Choose the meaning closest to that of the boldfaced word. Intercede means A. to give in to someone. B. to plead for someone. C. to examine closely. – verb

10 TEN WORDS IN CONTEXT When the principal said Harry couldn’t play in Friday’s football game, the coach interceded, hoping to change the principal’s mind. Inez’s parents refused to come to her wedding until her brother interceded and persuaded them to come after all. Choose the meaning closest to that of the boldfaced word. Intercede means A. to give in to someone. B. to plead for someone. C. to examine closely. The coach would plead on Harry’s behalf in hopes of changing the principal’s mind. If Inez’s brother persuaded her parents to come to the wedding, he must have pleaded with them on her behalf. 4 intercede – verb

11 TEN WORDS IN CONTEXT Choose the meaning closest to that of the boldfaced word. Intricate means A. simple. B. uninteresting. C. complicated. 5 intricate – adjective War and Peace is a long, intricate novel that weaves together the detailed life stories of many individuals. It’s amazing to see the intricate gold and silver jewelry that ancient Indians made with only simple tools. It obviously required great patience and skill to create such complex ornaments. Intricate patterns of color on the wings of two butterflies

12 TEN WORDS IN CONTEXT Choose the meaning closest to that of the boldfaced word. Intricate means A. simple. B. uninteresting. C. complicated. War and Peace is a long, intricate novel that weaves together the detailed life stories of many individuals. It’s amazing to see the intricate gold and silver jewelry that ancient Indians made with only simple tools. It obviously required great patience and skill to create such complex ornaments. If the novel weaves together the detailed life stories of many individuals, it must be a complicated novel. In the second item, the word complex suggests that intricate means “complicated.” 5 intricate – adjective Intricate patterns of color on the wings of two butterflies

13 TEN WORDS IN CONTEXT Choose the meaning closest to that of the boldfaced word. Sanctuary means A. a reminder. B. a shelter. C. a challenge. Old, unused trains in Grand Central Station serve as a nighttime sanctuary for some of New York City’s homeless. When the houseful of children becomes too noisy, Ned finds the laundry room to be a sanctuary, a place where he can read in quiet. 6 sanctuary – noun

14 TEN WORDS IN CONTEXT Choose the meaning closest to that of the boldfaced word. Sanctuary means A. a reminder. B. a shelter. C. a challenge. Old, unused trains in Grand Central Station serve as a nighttime sanctuary for some of New York City’s homeless. When the houseful of children becomes too noisy, Ned finds the laundry room to be a sanctuary, a place where he can read in quiet. The homeless would need a nighttime shelter. If the laundry room is a place where Ned can read in quiet, it is a shelter from the noisy children. 6 sanctuary – noun The Refuge Animal Sanctuary is an organization in Colorado that shelters abused and homeless animals.

15 TEN WORDS IN CONTEXT Choose the meaning closest to that of the boldfaced word. Scrutiny means A. attention. B. protection. C. permission. Store security guards give careful scrutiny to people carrying large bags, since the bags may be used for shoplifting. Before being published, a book comes under the scrutiny of a proofreader, who examines it for grammar and spelling errors. 7 scrutiny – noun

16 TEN WORDS IN CONTEXT Choose the meaning closest to that of the boldfaced word. Scrutiny means A. attention. B. protection. C. permission. Store security guards give careful scrutiny to people carrying large bags, since the bags may be used for shoplifting. Before being published, a book comes under the scrutiny of a proofreader, who examines it for grammar and spelling errors. If the bags might be used for shoplifting, the security guards would give them careful attention. If the proofreader examines the book for errors, the book comes under the attention of the proofreader. 7 scrutiny – noun

17 TEN WORDS IN CONTEXT Choose the meaning closest to that of the boldfaced word. Sinister means A. illogical. B. evil. C. inconsiderate. In the movie, a mad scientist thought up the sinister scheme of releasing a deadly virus. His evil plot failed when he died from the virus himself. The creepy novel The Boys from Brazil tells of a sinister plot to clone dozens of copies of Adolf Hitler who would then take over the world. 8 sinister – adjective A mask with a sinister expression

18 TEN WORDS IN CONTEXT Choose the meaning closest to that of the boldfaced word. Sinister means A. illogical. B. evil. C. inconsiderate. In the first item, the word evil tells you the meaning of sinister. In the second item, a plot to clone dozens of Hitlers to take over the world would be an evil plot. In the movie, a mad scientist thought up the sinister scheme of releasing a deadly virus. His evil plot failed when he died from the virus himself. The creepy novel The Boys from Brazil tells of a sinister plot to clone dozens of copies of Adolf Hitler who would then take over the world. 8 sinister – adjective A mask with a sinister expression

19 TEN WORDS IN CONTEXT Choose the meaning closest to that of the boldfaced word. Suffice means A. to be wasted. B. to be adequate. C. to be examined. The amount of research you’ve done may suffice for a high- school term paper, but not for a college essay. I forgot to buy something for lunch tomorrow, but the leftover meatloaf will suffice. 9 suffice – verb

20 TEN WORDS IN CONTEXT Choose the meaning closest to that of the boldfaced word. Suffice means A. to be wasted. B. to be adequate. C. to be examined. The amount of research you’ve done may suffice for a high- school term paper, but not for a college essay. I forgot to buy something for lunch tomorrow, but the leftover meatloaf will suffice. The amount of research might be adequate for a high school paper. In the second item, the leftover meatloaf would be adequate for lunch. 9 suffice – verb

21 TEN WORDS IN CONTEXT Choose the meaning closest to that of the boldfaced word. Vulnerable means A. open. B. safe. C. attracted. 10 vulnerable Homes in heavily wooded areas are especially vulnerable to termites. Because they tend to have brittle bones, the elderly are vulnerable to fractures. – adjective

22 TEN WORDS IN CONTEXT Choose the meaning closest to that of the boldfaced word. Vulnerable means A. open. B. safe. C. attracted. Homes in heavily wooded areas are especially vulnerable to termites. Because they tend to have brittle bones, the elderly are vulnerable to fractures. A heavily wooded area would make a home open to termites. Brittle bones would make the elderly open to fractures. 10 vulnerable – adjective

23 SENTENCE CHECK 1 2.In the Batman movies, the Joker’s name is misleading, for he’s a(n) ________ man who takes pleasure in doing evil. 1.Ken’s cartoons __________ for the school newspaper, but they wouldn’t be good enough for the city papers. Complete each item with the correct word from the box. A. degenerateB. implausibleC. incoherentD. intercedeE.intricate F. sanctuaryG. scrutinyH. sinisterI. sufficeJ.vulnerable

24 SENTENCE CHECK 1 2.In the Batman movies, the Joker’s name is misleading, for he’s a __________ man who takes pleasure in doing evil. 1.Ken’s cartoons __________ for the school newspaper, but they wouldn’t be good enough for the city papers. Complete each item with the correct word from the box. A. degenerateB. implausibleC. incoherentD. intercedeE.intricate F. sanctuaryG. scrutinyH. sinisterI. sufficeJ.vulnerable suffice sinister The words good enough tell you the meaning of suffice. If the Joker takes pleasure in doing evil, he is an evil man.

25 4.The leaves outside the window created a(n) ________ lacy shadow on my bedroom wall. SENTENCE CHECK 1 5.Although it seems __________, the seemingly dead desert really does blossom after a rainstorm. 3.People who live in big cities are more __________ to muggings than are residents of small towns. Complete each item with the correct word from the box. A. degenerateB. implausibleC. incoherentD. intercedeE.intricate F. sanctuaryG. scrutinyH. sinisterI. sufficeJ.vulnerable

26 4.The leaves outside the window created an _________ lacy shadow on my bedroom wall. SENTENCE CHECK 1 5.Although it seems __________, the seemingly dead desert really does blossom after a rainstorm. 3.People who live in big cities are more __________ to muggings than are residents of small towns. Complete each item with the correct word from the box. A. degenerateB. implausibleC. incoherentD. intercedeE.intricate F. sanctuaryG. scrutinyH. sinisterI. sufficeJ.vulnerable vulnerable intricate implausible Living in a big city makes one more open to attack by a mugger. Leaves can create complex lacy shadows. It is difficult to believe that the seemingly dead desert can blossom.

27 SENTENCE CHECK 1 7.My brother was so upset that he was __________. It wasn’t until he calmed down that I understood what he was saying: that he had been fired. 6.People who allow an escaped convict to use their home as a __________ may face criminal charges themselves. Complete each item with the correct word from the box. A. degenerateB. implausibleC. incoherentD. intercedeE.intricate F. sanctuaryG. scrutinyH. sinisterI. sufficeJ.vulnerable

28 SENTENCE CHECK 1 7.My brother was so upset that he was __________. It wasn’t until he calmed down that I understood what he was saying: that he had been fired. 6.People who allow an escaped convict to use their home as a __________ may face criminal charges themselves. Complete each item with the correct word from the box. A. degenerateB. implausibleC. incoherentD. intercedeE.intricate F. sanctuaryG. scrutinyH. sinisterI. sufficeJ.vulnerable sanctuary incoherent If you allow an escaped convict to use your home as a place of safety, you may end up facing criminal charges. If the person couldn’t understand the what the brother was saying until he calmed down, the brother must have been unable to speak in a logical way.

29 9.When I don’t have company, my apartment tends to __________ into a jumble of papers, clothes, and school supplies. SENTENCE CHECK 1 8.Unclaimed bags at airports receive the __________ of security officers watching for drugs or explosives. Complete each item with the correct word from the box. A. degenerateB. implausibleC. incoherentD. intercedeE.intricate F. sanctuaryG. scrutinyH. sinisterI. sufficeJ.vulnerable 10.When Dad informed my little sister that she had to be home from her date no later than ten o’clock, Mom ________(e)d and gave her a midnight curfew.

30 10.When Dad informed my little sister that she had to be home from her date no later than ten o’clock, Mom __________ and gave her a midnight curfew. 9.When I don’t have company, my apartment tends to __________ into a jumble of papers, clothes, and school supplies. SENTENCE CHECK 1 8.Unclaimed bags at airports receive the __________ of security officers watching for drugs or explosives. Complete each item with the correct word from the box. A. degenerateB. implausibleC. incoherentD. intercedeE.intricate F. sanctuaryG. scrutinyH. sinisterI. sufficeJ.vulnerable Unclaimed bags would receive the careful examination of security officers. The apartment would deteriorate into a jumble of papers and clothes. Mom made a request on the sister’s behalf that moved the curfew later. interceded degenerate scrutiny


Download ppt "IMPROVING VOCABULARY SKILLS Fourth Edition Sherrie L. Nist © 2010 Townsend Press."

Similar presentations


Ads by Google