Presentation is loading. Please wait.

Presentation is loading. Please wait.

Domestic Policies of Hitler: Economy, Education, Arts, Media, and Propaganda.

Similar presentations


Presentation on theme: "Domestic Policies of Hitler: Economy, Education, Arts, Media, and Propaganda."— Presentation transcript:

1 Domestic Policies of Hitler: Economy, Education, Arts, Media, and Propaganda

2 Hitler and the Economy – Dealing With Unemployment Hitler knew if he could do the following, he would secure more support: Get the unemployed back to work Get the unemployed back to work Get small businesses to become sufficiently profitable again Get small businesses to become sufficiently profitable again Provide security and promotion opportunities for civil servants Provide security and promotion opportunities for civil servants Improve benefits: pension, sickness leave, workman’s comp, insurance and vacation days Improve benefits: pension, sickness leave, workman’s comp, insurance and vacation days From Hitler’s appointment until Nov. 1938, unemployment fell (6 mil mil 1936)

3 Hitler and the Economy - Economic Policies of Hjalmar Schacht Stabilized the German currency after the inflation of 1923 Persuaded major industrial companies to support the Nazis in elections and urged Hindenburg to appoint Hitler chancellor His reward was appointment as the President of the Reichsbank in 1933 and Economic Minister in 1934 Successfully promoted trade Successfully promoted trade Introduced the “New Plan” – public works Introduced the “New Plan” – public works Created the National Labor Service – men aged were required to join and learn basic skills for the most needed work Created the National Labor Service – men aged were required to join and learn basic skills for the most needed work Clashed with Hitler’s plan to rebuild the military; Schacht felt it would drain money from where it was really needed

4 Hitler and the Economy – Four-Year Plan Four-Year Plan (1936) – Hermann Goring shifted the economy to wartime production It created huge public works projects and armament expenditure was rapidly increased, while taxes were lowered It was based on deficit spending

5 Hitler and the Economy – Economic Help Farmers – With guaranteed prices for their produce, farmers recovered during the first three years of the regime Small businesses – Were helped with state spending and loans Industry – Grants and loans were made to install machinery Unemployed – Work was created in slum clearance, housing, road repairs, hospitals, schools, and Autobahn construction

6 Hitler and the Economy – Various Important Policies In Apr. 1933, Jewish businesses were boycotted In Jun. 1933, loans were provided on condition that female spouses leave their jobs (and make babies) In 1935, conscription was reintroduced, drawing working-age men from the labor By 1938, 75-80% of all business that had been Jewish as of 1933 had been Aryanized - Aryanization is the process of taking over Jewish-owned firms through discrimination, pressure, force, or shady legal means Kristallnacht – Night of the Broken Glass (Nov. 1938) – Thousands of Jewish businesses were destroyed

7 Hitler and the Economy – Wartime Economy Hitler didn’t envision war in 1939 because he believed that it would take Germany another four years to be ready The wartime gains between didn’t bring about the gains that might have been suspected because: A full-scale domestic war effort wasn’t achieved until the later years of the war A full-scale domestic war effort wasn’t achieved until the later years of the war There was no body with overall responsibility for organizing the war effort There was no body with overall responsibility for organizing the war effort

8 Hitler and the Economy – Albert Speer In 1942, Speer was appointed head Minister of Armaments and War Production Streamlined industry Streamlined industry Communicated better with managers Communicated better with managers Freight movement was streamlined Freight movement was streamlined Industrial plants were more flexible in what they could produce Industrial plants were more flexible in what they could produce Doubled German armament production 1942 – 4,500 tanks; 1944 – 17,300 tanks 1942 – 4,500 tanks; 1944 – 17,300 tanks

9 Hitler’s Germany - Education German Teacher’s League - Teachers had to belong to this league. Those who didn’t were dismissed Children were encouraged to inform authorities if teachers don’t teach Nazi values

10 Hitler’s Germany - Education Textbooks were rewritten to emphasize: The German army had been “stabbed in the back” The German army had been “stabbed in the back” Economically drained by the Jews Economically drained by the Jews How to recognize a Jew How to recognize a Jew The superiority of the Aryans The superiority of the Aryans

11 Hitler’s Germany - Education History – blamed Jews Biology – Social Darwinism Geography – Lebensraum Science – war slant Math – war slant PE – very important to instill war values. Sports with a potential military application were emphasized

12 Hitler’s Germany - Education Hitler’s Youth – a group to train boys to have Nazi virtues German Young Folk – younger year old version of Hitler’s Youth Both became compulsory in 1939 Boys would even dress in uniforms and do regular military drills Boys would even dress in uniforms and do regular military drills

13 Hitler’s Germany - Education League of German Maidens – Female counterpart of Hitler’s Youth Young Girls League – Female counterpart of German Young Folk Both became compulsory in 1939 Both became compulsory in 1939 Girls were taught to be dutiful wives and mothers

14 Hitler’s Germany – The Arts All culture had to be German or Nazi Controls were placed on: Music Music Theater Theater Literature Literature Radio Radio Press Press Visual arts Visual arts Film Film

15 Hitler’s Germany – Arts Outdoor theater emphasized the theme of “Blood and soil” and reinforced the kinship between modern Germans and ancient Greeks All actors had to be members of the Nazi party and only books by approved authors could be read Student groups conducted book burnings to demonstrate their disdain toward intellectualism

16 Hitler’s Germany – The Arts In 1933 in Berlin, a book burning of over 20,000 books took place Texts included: Jewish authors – Einstein & Freud Jewish authors – Einstein & Freud Hemingway Hemingway Keller Keller

17 Hitler’s Germany – Media and Propaganda The goals of propaganda were to: Promote the German nation as supreme Promote the German nation as supreme To rid the nation of all Jewish influences To rid the nation of all Jewish influences To develop the Fuhrer as a faultless leader to whom all Germans owed obedience To develop the Fuhrer as a faultless leader to whom all Germans owed obedience To encourage pride in the Aryan race as the highest form of human development To encourage pride in the Aryan race as the highest form of human development

18 Hitler’s Germany – Media and Propaganda Newsreels, movies and books were impossible to publish without prior approval and censorship by Goebbels' ministry He made sure that it presented Germany's domestic and foreign policy aims in terms of Nazi ideology

19 Hitler’s Germany – Media and Propaganda Hitler emphasized the importance of propaganda in Mein Kampf: The masses find it difficult to understand politics, their intelligence is small. All effective propaganda must be limited to a very few points The masses find it difficult to understand politics, their intelligence is small. All effective propaganda must be limited to a very few points The function of propaganda is, for example, not to weigh and ponder the rights of different people, but exclusively to emphasize the one right which is has set out to argue for. Its task is not to make an objective study of the truth… The function of propaganda is, for example, not to weigh and ponder the rights of different people, but exclusively to emphasize the one right which is has set out to argue for. Its task is not to make an objective study of the truth… Only after the simplest ideas are repeated thousands of times will the masses finally remember them Only after the simplest ideas are repeated thousands of times will the masses finally remember them

20 Hitler’s Germany – Media and Propaganda Goebbels also pioneered the use of broadcasting in mass propaganda, promoting the distribution of inexpensive single frequency radio receivers (the so-called Volksempfänger (People's radio)) to the German public This ensured that millions of people heard the output of the Reich's propaganda ministry while being unable to receive news and other broadcasts from outside Germany

21 Hitler’s Germany – Media and Propaganda He played probably the most important role in creating an atmosphere in Germany that made it possible for the Nazis to "clean" the Reich of Jews, homosexuals and other minorities

22 Hitler’s Germany – Media and Propaganda Rallies were held in Nuremberg each year from ,000 attended these rallies Hitler gave a speech 150 search lights lit up the sky Bombers flying in the shape of a swastika

23 Spotlights at a Nuremburg Rally

24

25

26 1936 Nuremburg Rally

27 Nuremburg Rally, 1938


Download ppt "Domestic Policies of Hitler: Economy, Education, Arts, Media, and Propaganda."

Similar presentations


Ads by Google