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Creating Parenthetical Citations Creating Parenthetical Citations.

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Presentation on theme: "Creating Parenthetical Citations Creating Parenthetical Citations."— Presentation transcript:

1 Creating Parenthetical Citations Creating Parenthetical Citations

2 How to cite sources within your documentupdated spring 2006 sgb2 What is a parenthetical citation? The APA system of citing sources which indicates the author's last name and the date, in parentheses, within the text of your paper.

3 How to cite sources within your documentupdated spring 2006 sgb3 “If you're like most people, you probably imagine that when your representative has an idea for a new law, he or she sits down, writes it up--maybe using some legalese here or there--and sends it off for consideration. If only it were that easy. In truth, drafting legislation is an immensely complex task with which most members of Congress--I hope this won't shock you--feel uncomfortable. This is because it demands technical and legal skills that are extremely difficult to learn while juggling all the other demands that members face.” Actual text from an article to be cited.

4 How to cite sources within your documentupdated spring 2006 sgb4 The Reference Documentation Hamilton, L. (2006, February ). The hard truth of writing laws: Writing laws demands technical and legal skills that are extremely difficult to learn while juggling all the other demands lawmakers face. State Legislatures 32.2, 17.

5 How to cite sources within your documentupdated spring 2006 sgb5 A typical citation of an entire work consists of the author's name and the year of publication. –Example: Writing laws is not as easy as it appears to be (Hamilton, 2006).

6 How to cite sources within your documentupdated spring 2006 sgb6 If the author is named in the text, only the year is cited. –Example: Hamilton (2006) points out that writing laws is not an easy job.

7 How to cite sources within your documentupdated spring 2006 sgb7 If both the name of the author and the date are used in the text, parenthetical reference is not necessary. –Example: In 2006, Hamilton argued that writing effective legislation while balancing the other legislative duties is a complex task to learn.

8 How to cite sources within your documentupdated spring 2006 sgb8 Specific citations of pages or chapters follow the year. ( Direct Quotes) –According to Hamilton, writing legislation “is an immensely complex task... which... demands technical and legal skills that are extremely difficult to learn” (2006, p.17).

9 How to cite sources within your documentupdated spring 2006 sgb9 “What your college professors didn't teach you: ‘The one thing that I believe we weren't taught was how to communicate both verbally and in writing in a technical manner.... I still don't like standing in front of groups of people. I was never trained in it. And it wasn't until I was well into my career that I found I had to stand and communicate.’” Morrissett, D. (2005, September 26). 100 Leading women in the North American auto industry. Automotive News 80.6168, 20. Reference documentatio n

10 How to cite sources within your documentupdated spring 2006 sgb10 Morrissett points out that colleges do not teach people to communicate “in a technical manner” (2005, 20). “What your college professors didn't teach you: ‘The one thing that I believe we weren't taught was how to communicate both verbally and in writing in a technical manner.... I still don't like standing in front of groups of people. I was never trained in it. And it wasn't until I was well into my career that I found I had to stand and communicate.’” Parenthetical Citation

11 How to cite sources within your documentupdated spring 2006 sgb11 “ Because an effective technical document, manual, or help menu is often the result of successful collaboration between the technical writer and the engineer or the technical writing group and the engineering team,... these two groups [must] develop successful communication practices and maintain an effective working relationship.” Actual text from an article to be cited.

12 How to cite sources within your documentupdated spring 2006 sgb12 Tovey, J. (2005, May). Act well thy part: Performing technical writer and engineer. Technical Communication 52.2, 246. The Reference Documentation

13 How to cite sources within your documentupdated spring 2006 sgb13 Collaboration between writers and engineers is important in writing effective technical documents (Tovey, 2005). Parenthetical Citation

14 How to cite sources within your documentupdated spring 2006 sgb14 “Within the heart of almost every technical communicator beats the desire to practice our craft independently. We dream of writing that perfect technical communication equivalent of the great novel on timelines that we set and within budgets that are totally under our control. To try to realize the dream, we might take that road less traveled--independent technical communicator, also known as freelancer.” Actual text from an article to be cited.

15 How to cite sources within your documentupdated spring 2006 sgb15 Hanigan, M. (2005, August). 2005 writer's market. Technical Communication, 52.3, 385. The Reference Documentation

16 How to cite sources within your documentupdated spring 2006 sgb16 Hanigan (2005) says most technical communicators want to work independently. Paraphrase Parenthetical Citation

17 How to cite sources within your documentupdated spring 2006 sgb17

18 Creating Parenthetical Citations Creating Parenthetical Citations


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