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AtoZ C C C C C oooo mmmm pppp uuuu tttt eeee rrrrEducation Front of Baroda Bank Laxmangarh(Sikar)

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Presentation on theme: "AtoZ C C C C C oooo mmmm pppp uuuu tttt eeee rrrrEducation Front of Baroda Bank Laxmangarh(Sikar)"— Presentation transcript:

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2 AtoZ C C C C C oooo mmmm pppp uuuu tttt eeee rrrrEducation Front of Baroda Bank Laxmangarh(Sikar)

3 About course 1. P P aaaa rrrr tttt ssss o o o o ffff c c c c oooo mmmm pppp uuuu tttt eeee rrrr 2. D D eeee ffff iiii nnnn iiii tttt iiii oooo nnnn O O O O ffff C C C C oooo mmmm pppp uuuu tttt eeee rrrr 3. I I nnnn pppp uuuu tttt D D D D eeee vvvv iiii cccc eeee

4 * Part’s Of Computer * 1 Monitor 2 Mouse 3 Key Board 4. C.P.U. * Part Of C.P.U. * 1. Cabinet – For Put The C.P.U. Parts. 2. S.M.P.S. – Switch Mood Power Supply 3. Mother Board – For Language Convert (Machine Language) 4. Processor – For Processing 5. Processer Fen – For Cool the Processor 6. Hard Disk – For data Storage, Size Of Hard Disk -10, 20,40,80,120,240,260,350 G.B. 7Ram: - For Computer Speed Size Of Ram – 64,128,256,512 M.B.,G.B. 8. CD/DVD/RAM/RW ;-For Data Transfer 9.Flopply – 20,30,3.5”,5.25” CD document Size-700mb DVD document size – 4.70 G.B. 10.Power Cable –For Power Supply 11. Data Cable - For Data’s Supply 12.Speekar - For Voice

5 Definition Of Computer * “Computer,d,slh Electronic Machine Machine gS tks gekjs }kjk fn;s x;s Datas Datas dks dks Accept djds ml ij fu;a=.k djrh gS rFkk ml ij izkslsflx djds de le; esa lgh jhtYV iznku djrh gS ml e’khu dks Computer Computer dgk tkrk gSA Computer gSA Computer ’kCn vaxzsth Hkk"kk ds Comput Word ls cuk gS ftldk vFkZ gS ^x.kuk djuk* vFkkZr Computer,d x.kuk djus okyh e’khu gSA Computer Computer dk vkfo"kdkj &^lj pkYlZ cSost*us bZ-esa fd;k FkkA Full Form Of Computer * C -Calculation x.kuk djuk O -Operator pkyd M - Memory ;knnkLr P - Print Nkiuk U -Utility mi;ksfxrk T -Trade O;kikj E - Education f’k{kk R - Research [kkst *Computer dh fo’ks"krk, fo’ks"krk, * Memory -Computer dh ;knnkLr rst gksrh gSA Speed - Computer dh dk;Z djus dh xrh rst gksrh gSA Print - Computer es fd;s x;s esVj dk print out out fudky ldrs gSA Reliability - Computer }kjk fn;k x;k tckc fo’olfu; gksrk gSA Automatic machine - Computer gekjs }kjk fn;s x;s Data ij Automatic Processing Processing djrk gSA Continue Work -Computer fcuk Fkds dbZ ?kaVs dk;Z dj ldrk gSA Many data storage –Computer esa cgqr lkjs MkVk dks dks Storage Storage fd;k tkrk gSA *Computer *Computer dh lhek;s 1 =qfV lq/kkj dk vHkkoA 2lgt cks/k dk vHkko A 3 vkW[kks ds fy, gkfudkjd A 4 fo/kqr dks vf/kd [kpZ djrk gSA 5csjkstxkjh dks c

6 * Devic of Computer * 1 Input Device 2 Out put Device 3 Processing Device ifjHkk"kk%& Input Device -Computer ds os ikVZ ftuds ek/;e ls ge ge Computer esa Computer esa Data Input djok ldrs gS oks oks Parts Input Devices dgykrs gSA Example 1 Key Board -Key -Key Board are two types 1 Normal 2 Multimedia Keys of Key Board 1Corectory 1Corectory Key - A to Z 2 Numbari Key - 0 to 9 3 Function Key -F1 to F12 4 Enter - Curser dks uhps dh ykbZu es ykus ds fy,A 5 Space - nks nks Word ds chp es txg NksM+us ds fy,A 6 Esc - fdlh Option Option ls ckgj vkus ds fy, A 7 Caps Lock - v{kjks dks dks Capitl Letter And Small Letter es fy[kus ds fy,A 8 Ens - Curser dks ykbZu ds End End esa tkus ds fy,A 9 Tab - Curser dks 0.5 ” 0.5 ” vkxs ys tkus ds fy,A 10 Print Screen – Open Program ;k File dh As to as as Photo ysus ds fy,A 11 Numbri Lock –Numeric Keys dks dks On - Off djus ds fy,A 12 Backspace -Curser ds ds Left Side ds v{kj dks feVkus ds fy,A 13 Delete - Curser ds Right Side ds v{kj dks feVkus ds fy,A 14 Arrow Key – Curser dks dks Left,Right,Top,Bottam esa ys tkus ds fy,A 15 Sift,Ctrl,Alt - Short Cut Key dks mi;ksx esa ysus ds fy,A 16 Home - Curserdks Page ds ds Starting esa ys tkus ds fy,A 17 Window Key - Start Botton dks On –Off djus ds fy,A

7 Mouse -- Mouse are Three Types -- 1 Laser Mouse 2 Ball Mouse 3 Wireless Mouse Mouse,d Input Devices gS fdUrq blds ek/;e ls ge Computer es Graphical ls laca/kh Data Input djok ldrs gSA 1. Laser Mouse -;g Laser fdj.kks ds ek/;e ls Work djrk gS bl Mouse ls Laser fdj.ks fudyrs gS tks uhp dh lrg ls Vdjkrh gS mlds vk/kkj ij gekjk Curser top, Bottam, Lrft, Right es Drage djrk gSA 2.Ball Mouse -;g Mouse ftles,d ckWy yxh gqbZ gksrh gS rFkk mldk Curser ml Ball ds vk/kkj ij ?kqerk gS Ball Mouse dgykrk gSA 3. Writeless Mouse --og Mouse tks fdlh Hkh Write ls tqM+k gqvk ugh gks mlds ckn Hkh og dk;Z djrk gS og Writeless Mouse dgykrk gSA

8 1. Scanner:- ;g,d Input Device gS buds ek/;e ls ge Computer esa fdlh Document ;k Photo dks as to as Computer es Input djok ldrs gS Scanner dk vf/kdrj mi;ksx Studio,offsetls lacaf/kr dk;ksZ es fd;k tkrk gSAA C.D.(compact disk) -- C.D. Hkh,d Input Device gS ftlds ek/;e ls ge Computer es 700 m.b. Data Input djok ldrs gSA D.V.D.(digital versatile disk) –D.V.D. Hkh,d Input device gS buds ek/;e ls ge Computer es 4-7 G.B. Datas Input djok ldrs gSA Floppy:- ;g Hkh,d Input Device gS ijUrq bldk mi;ksx Hkh,d Computer ds Datas dks vU; Computer es Input djokus ds fy, djrs gS Qyksih ds }kjk ge 40 M.B.Data Computer esa Input djok ldrs gSA Hard Disk :-Hard Disk dk use Computer esa datas dks store djus ds fy, fd;k tkrk gS,d dEI;wVj dh hard disk dks fudky dj nqljs dEI;wVj es Mkyus ds ckn igys okys dEI;wVj ds VksVy MkVk nqljs dEI;wVj es pys tkrs gSA

9 Other Input Device---- Light Pen – blls dEI;wVj dh Ldhzu ij ykbu f[kph tk ldrh gS Ldzhu ij ykbV isu ls lh/kh Drawing cukbZ tk ldrh gSA Griphical pad & Table blesa,d drawing dh lrg gksrh gS vkSj blds mij,d iSu ;k ekml gksrk gS Drawing dh lrg es irys rkjks dk tky gksrk gS ftl ij iSu ;k ekml ls ladsr dEI;wVj es tkrk gSA Joystick - Joystic Game [ksyus ds dke vkrh gS dEI;wVj dh Ldzhu ij mifLFkr fp= dks Joystic ds Handel ls idM+dj pyk;k tkrk gSA

10 - --Out Put Device---- Computer ds os ikVZ tks gekjs }kjk fn;s x;s MkVk dkS Show djs Out Put Device dgykrs gSA Monitor :- ;g,d Out Put Device gS tks gekjs }kjk fn;s x;s MkVk dk Result Soft Copy ds #i es iznku djrk gSA Monitor Are Two Types :--- 1.Black & White 2. Color Monitor:--- Color Monitor Are Two Types:-- CRT (cathode ray tube) CD (liguid vristal disk) 2.Printer :- ;g Hkh,d Out Put Device gS tks gekjs }kjk fn;s x;s Datas ds Result dks dkxt ij Nkidj Hard Copy ds #i es iznku djrk gSA Printer Are Three Types Laser Printer 2.Inkget Printer 3. Dot Matrix Printer 1. Laser Printer :- ;g ystj fdj.kksa ds ek/;e ls v{kjks dks dkxt ij Nkirk gS blesa lq[kh L;kgh dk cqjknk Mkyk tkrk gS bl fizUVj dk vf/kdrj mi;ksx ljdkjh dk;Z ls lacaf/kr dk;ksZ es fd;k tkrk gSA 2. Inkjet Printer :--- bles nzfo; L;kgh Mkyh tkrh gS tks v{kjks dks L;kgh dh QqOokj ds #i es Nkirk gS bldk vf/kdrj mi;ksx LVqfM;ks es QkVw cukus ds fy;s fd;k tkrk gSA 3. Dot Metrix Printer:- bl fizUVj es L;kgh dk Ribben Mkyk tkrk gS tks v{kjks dks izgkj ds }kjk Dot dot (…..) ds #i esa Nkirk gS bldk Use Government Work vkfn esa fd;k tkrk gSA 3 Speaker :- ;g,d Out Put Device gS tks fdlh C.D./D.V.D. es Input djok;s x;s Audio dks vkokt ds #i esa Show djrk gSA 4 C.D./D.V.D./Floppy/Hard Disk- --;s lc buiqV fMokbl gksus ds lkFk&lkFk Out Put Device Hkh gS ijUrq buds ek/;e ls ge dEI;wVj ds MkVk dks vkmV iqV ds #i esa ys ldrs gSA - --Out Put Device---- Computer ds os ikVZ tks gekjs }kjk fn;s x;s MkVk dkS Show djs Out Put Device dgykrs gSA Monitor :- ;g,d Out Put Device gS tks gekjs }kjk fn;s x;s MkVk dk Result Soft Copy ds #i es iznku djrk gSA Monitor Are Two Types :--- 1.Black & White 2. Color Monitor:--- Color Monitor Are Two Types:-- CRT (cathode ray tube) CD (liguid vristal disk) 2.Printer :- ;g Hkh,d Out Put Device gS tks gekjs }kjk fn;s x;s Datas ds Result dks dkxt ij Nkidj Hard Copy ds #i es iznku djrk gSA Printer Are Three Types Laser Printer 2.Inkget Printer 3. Dot Matrix Printer 1. Laser Printer :- ;g ystj fdj.kksa ds ek/;e ls v{kjks dks dkxt ij Nkirk gS blesa lq[kh L;kgh dk cqjknk Mkyk tkrk gS bl fizUVj dk vf/kdrj mi;ksx ljdkjh dk;Z ls lacaf/kr dk;ksZ es fd;k tkrk gSA 2. Inkjet Printer :--- bles nzfo; L;kgh Mkyh tkrh gS tks v{kjks dks L;kgh dh QqOokj ds #i es Nkirk gS bldk vf/kdrj mi;ksx LVqfM;ks es QkVw cukus ds fy;s fd;k tkrk gSA 3. Dot Metrix Printer:- bl fizUVj es L;kgh dk Ribben Mkyk tkrk gS tks v{kjks dks izgkj ds }kjk Dot dot (…..) ds #i esa Nkirk gS bldk Use Government Work vkfn esa fd;k tkrk gSA 3 Speaker :- ;g,d Out Put Device gS tks fdlh C.D./D.V.D. es Input djok;s x;s Audio dks vkokt ds #i esa Show djrk gSA 4 C.D./D.V.D./Floppy/Hard Disk- --;s lc buiqV fMokbl gksus ds lkFk&lkFk Out Put Device Hkh gS ijUrq buds ek/;e ls ge dEI;wVj ds MkVk dks vkmV iqV ds #i esa ys ldrs gSA

11 *Processing Device * Computer ds os ikVZ tks gekjs }kjk fn;s MkVk ij Processing djs A Processing Device dgykrs gSA Example Processer,d,slh fMokbl tks gekjs }kjk fn;s x;s MkVk ij processing ( fdz;k½ djrh gS&& Processer Processing Device :-Processer, C.P.U.:- C.P.U. ds rhu Hkkx gksrs gS--- 1 C.U. –(control unit) –Computer dk ;g Hkkx gekjs }kjk nh xbZ lqpukvks ij fu;a=.k j[krk gSA 2 A.L.U. :-(arithmetic logical unit) – C.P.U. dk og Hkkx tks gekjs }kjk nh xbZ lqpukvks ij xf.kfr; o rkfdZd x.ku,s djrk gSA 3 M.U. (memory unit) –C.P.U.dk og Hkkx tks gekjs }kjk nh xbZ lqpukvks dks C.P.U.dh eseksjh es j[krk gSA *Processing Device * Computer ds os ikVZ tks gekjs }kjk fn;s MkVk ij Processing djs A Processing Device dgykrs gSA Example Processer,d,slh fMokbl tks gekjs }kjk fn;s x;s MkVk ij processing ( fdz;k½ djrh gS&& Processer Processing Device :-Processer, C.P.U.:- C.P.U. ds rhu Hkkx gksrs gS--- 1 C.U. –(control unit) –Computer dk ;g Hkkx gekjs }kjk nh xbZ lqpukvks ij fu;a=.k j[krk gSA 2 A.L.U. :-(arithmetic logical unit) – C.P.U. dk og Hkkx tks gekjs }kjk nh xbZ lqpukvks ij xf.kfr; o rkfdZd x.ku,s djrk gSA 3 M.U. (memory unit) –C.P.U.dk og Hkkx tks gekjs }kjk nh xbZ lqpukvks dks C.P.U.dh eseksjh es j[krk gSA

12 Types of Computer on the base of Size ** Computer are four types in the base of size 1 Super Computer 2 Main Fream Computer 3 Mini Computer 4 Micro Computer /P.C. Micro Computer are three types--- 1 Desk top Computer 2. Lap top Computer 3. Plam Top Computer 1. Super Computer – og dEI;wVj tks lcls cMk+ rFkk lcls vf/kd ’kfDr’kkyh gsk lqij dEI;wVj dgykrk gSA bles nks ;k nks ls vf/kd lh-ih-;w- yxs gq;s gksi;ksx cM+s cM+s vuqla/kku dsUnzks es ekSle lacaf/kr tkudkjh izkIr djus ds fy, cM+h [kkst djus ds fy, fd;k tkrk gSA lqij dEI;wVj dk uke PRAM 1000 gSA Main Frem Computer :- og dEI;wVj tks lqij dEI;wVj dh ctk; de “’kfDr’kkyh rFkk ehuh dEI;wVj ls T;knk 'kfDr’kkyh gks Main Frem Computer dgykrk gS bLkdk Use - cM+h cM+h cSdks rFkk QSfDVz;ks es fd;k tkrk gSA 3.Mini Computer :- og dEI;wVj tks Main Frem Computer ls de ‘’kfDr’kkyh rFkk Micro Computer ls T;knk “h”’kfDr’kkyh gks ehuh dEI;wVj dgykrk gSAvFkkZr ftl ij fuf’pr izdkj dh Validation yxh gks Ami;ksx cSdks es,-Vh-,e- e’khu ds #i esa ] Matro Train 4.Micro Computer (p.c.) – dEI;wVj iz.kkyh es lcls lLrh iz.kkyh Micro Computer dh Micro Computer dks P.C. Hkh dgrs gS ijUrq yksx bls Parsanal Computer ds #i es mi;ksx ysrs gSA **Micro Computer are Three Types ** 1.Desk Top Computer :- og dEI;wVj ftls Desk is j[k dj dk;Z fd;k tk lds Desk Top dgykrk gSA 2. Lap Top Computer :- og dEI;wVj ftldks xksn es j[k dj dk;Z fd;k tk ldsA 3.Plam Top :- og dEI;wVj ftls viuh gFksyh ij j[k dj dk;Z fd;k tk lds A Types of Computer on the base of Size ** Computer are four types in the base of size 1 Super Computer 2 Main Fream Computer 3 Mini Computer 4 Micro Computer /P.C. Micro Computer are three types--- 1 Desk top Computer 2. Lap top Computer 3. Plam Top Computer 1. Super Computer – og dEI;wVj tks lcls cMk+ rFkk lcls vf/kd ’kfDr’kkyh gsk lqij dEI;wVj dgykrk gSA bles nks ;k nks ls vf/kd lh-ih-;w- yxs gq;s gksi;ksx cM+s cM+s vuqla/kku dsUnzks es ekSle lacaf/kr tkudkjh izkIr djus ds fy, cM+h [kkst djus ds fy, fd;k tkrk gSA lqij dEI;wVj dk uke PRAM 1000 gSA Main Frem Computer :- og dEI;wVj tks lqij dEI;wVj dh ctk; de “’kfDr’kkyh rFkk ehuh dEI;wVj ls T;knk 'kfDr’kkyh gks Main Frem Computer dgykrk gS bLkdk Use - cM+h cM+h cSdks rFkk QSfDVz;ks es fd;k tkrk gSA 3.Mini Computer :- og dEI;wVj tks Main Frem Computer ls de ‘’kfDr’kkyh rFkk Micro Computer ls T;knk “h”’kfDr’kkyh gks ehuh dEI;wVj dgykrk gSAvFkkZr ftl ij fuf’pr izdkj dh Validation yxh gks Ami;ksx cSdks es,-Vh-,e- e’khu ds #i esa ] Matro Train 4.Micro Computer (p.c.) – dEI;wVj iz.kkyh es lcls lLrh iz.kkyh Micro Computer dh Micro Computer dks P.C. Hkh dgrs gS ijUrq yksx bls Parsanal Computer ds #i es mi;ksx ysrs gSA **Micro Computer are Three Types ** 1.Desk Top Computer :- og dEI;wVj ftls Desk is j[k dj dk;Z fd;k tk lds Desk Top dgykrk gSA 2. Lap Top Computer :- og dEI;wVj ftldks xksn es j[k dj dk;Z fd;k tk ldsA 3.Plam Top :- og dEI;wVj ftls viuh gFksyh ij j[k dj dk;Z fd;k tk lds A

13 ** Types of Computer on the base of Size ** **Types of Computer on the base of Course** 1.Hard Ware 2. Soft Ware 1. Hard Ware :- Computer ds os ikVZ ftUgs ge ns[k ldrs gS rFkk Nq ldrs gSA os ikVZ gkMZ os;j dgykrs gSA Examp.:-Key Board,Mouse, Monitor 2. ssSoft Ware :- Computer ds os Program ftUgs ge ns[k ldrs gS ijUrq Nq ugh ldrs gS lkWQV os;j dgykrs gSA Soft ware two types System Software 2.Application Software 1.System Software :-- og Soft ware tks nks ;k nks ls vf/kd dk;Z gsrq cuk;k tkrk gks ftlds fcuk ge dEI;wVj dk pkyq Hkh ugh dj ldrs gS vFkkZr ftls Operating System dgk tkrk gSA vkSj tks fdlh ij fuHkZj ugh jgrk gks ] System Software dgykrk gSA Examp.-Window,Dos,Unix,Lynix etc. 2.Application Software –eg Software ftlds fcuk ge dEI;wVj pkyw dj ldrs gS tks fdlh fo’ks”k dk;Z gsrq cul;k tkrk gks tks System Software ij Depend jgrk gsk] Application Software dgykrk gSA ** Types of Computer on the base of Size ** **Types of Computer on the base of Course** 1.Hard Ware 2. Soft Ware 1. Hard Ware :- Computer ds os ikVZ ftUgs ge ns[k ldrs gS rFkk Nq ldrs gSA os ikVZ gkMZ os;j dgykrs gSA Examp.:-Key Board,Mouse, Monitor 2. ssSoft Ware :- Computer ds os Program ftUgs ge ns[k ldrs gS ijUrq Nq ugh ldrs gS lkWQV os;j dgykrs gSA Soft ware two types System Software 2.Application Software 1.System Software :-- og Soft ware tks nks ;k nks ls vf/kd dk;Z gsrq cuk;k tkrk gks ftlds fcuk ge dEI;wVj dk pkyq Hkh ugh dj ldrs gS vFkkZr ftls Operating System dgk tkrk gSA vkSj tks fdlh ij fuHkZj ugh jgrk gks ] System Software dgykrk gSA Examp.-Window,Dos,Unix,Lynix etc. 2.Application Software –eg Software ftlds fcuk ge dEI;wVj pkyw dj ldrs gS tks fdlh fo’ks”k dk;Z gsrq cul;k tkrk gks tks System Software ij Depend jgrk gsk] Application Software dgykrk gSA

14 **Types of Computer on base of the work** **Three type** 1.Digital Computer, 2. Analog Computer 3.Hybrid Computer 1. Digital Computer – og dEI;wVj tks fdlh fo’ks” dk;Z gsrq cuk;k x;k gks Digital Computer dgykrk gSA Exam.-Watch and Calculator 2.Analog Computer:- og dEI;wVj tks nks ;k nks ls vf/kd dk;Z gsrq cuk;k x;k gks ijUrq bles,d lkFk,d gh dk;Z fd;k tkrk gSA Analog Computer dgykrk gSA Exam.—Mobile 3.Hybrid Computer :- og dEI;wVj tks nks;k nks ls vf/kd dk;ksZ gsrq cuk;k tkrk gks vkSj nks ;k nks ls vf/kd dk;Z,d lkFk dj ldrs gS Hybrid Computer dgykrk gSA Examp.—Super Computer, Main Frame,Mini,Micro Computer Etc. **Types of Computer on base of the work** **Three type** 1.Digital Computer, 2. Analog Computer 3.Hybrid Computer 1. Digital Computer – og dEI;wVj tks fdlh fo’ks” dk;Z gsrq cuk;k x;k gks Digital Computer dgykrk gSA Exam.-Watch and Calculator 2.Analog Computer:- og dEI;wVj tks nks ;k nks ls vf/kd dk;Z gsrq cuk;k x;k gks ijUrq bles,d lkFk,d gh dk;Z fd;k tkrk gSA Analog Computer dgykrk gSA Exam.—Mobile 3.Hybrid Computer :- og dEI;wVj tks nks;k nks ls vf/kd dk;ksZ gsrq cuk;k tkrk gks vkSj nks ;k nks ls vf/kd dk;Z,d lkFk dj ldrs gS Hybrid Computer dgykrk gSA Examp.—Super Computer, Main Frame,Mini,Micro Computer Etc.

15 **Language of Computer ** 1.Hight Lavel Language 2.Low Lavel Language 1.Hight Lavel Language:- og Language ftldk mi;ksx cMs cMs izksxzke cukus ds fy, fd;k tkrk gS tks le>us es gkMZ gks High Level Language dgykrh gSA eg. C,c++,Java,Basic,Visual Basic,Dot Net+… 2. Low Lovel Language :-Hight Laval Language es vkus okyh dfBukb;ks dks nqj djus ds fy, bl Language dk mi;ksx fd;k tkrk gSA **Low Lavel Language are two types** 1.Machini Language :- Computer ftl Hkk"kk dks le>rk gS og Matchine language dgykrh gS Machini Language nks Cod esa gksrh gSA tks 0 rFkk 1gSA 0 dk vFkZ vksu rFkk 1 dk vFkZ vkWQ gksrk gSA 2.Assembly Language :-Computer dks gekjs }kjk fn;s tkus okys MkVk Assembly Language ds gksrs gS Assembly language dks Machinelanguage esa Convert djus ds fy, cM+s cM+s Software dk mi;ksx fd;k tkrk gS A Exam..-Compiler, Assembler **Language of Computer ** 1.Hight Lavel Language 2.Low Lavel Language 1.Hight Lavel Language:- og Language ftldk mi;ksx cMs cMs izksxzke cukus ds fy, fd;k tkrk gS tks le>us es gkMZ gks High Level Language dgykrh gSA eg. C,c++,Java,Basic,Visual Basic,Dot Net+… 2. Low Lovel Language :-Hight Laval Language es vkus okyh dfBukb;ks dks nqj djus ds fy, bl Language dk mi;ksx fd;k tkrk gSA **Low Lavel Language are two types** 1.Machini Language :- Computer ftl Hkk"kk dks le>rk gS og Matchine language dgykrh gS Machini Language nks Cod esa gksrh gSA tks 0 rFkk 1gSA 0 dk vFkZ vksu rFkk 1 dk vFkZ vkWQ gksrk gSA 2.Assembly Language :-Computer dks gekjs }kjk fn;s tkus okys MkVk Assembly Language ds gksrs gS Assembly language dks Machinelanguage esa Convert djus ds fy, cM+s cM+s Software dk mi;ksx fd;k tkrk gS A Exam..-Compiler, Assembler

16 ***Memory*** Memory Computer dh,d Work Storage ftldk mi;ksx dEI;wVj es MkVk rFkk funsZ’kks dks LFkk;h rFkk vLFkk;h rksj ij laxzfgr djus ds fy;s fd;k tkrk gSA *Memory are Two Types* 1.Primary Memory,2.Secandary Memory 1.Primary Memory :- bldk mi;ksx dEI;wVj es MkVk rFk funsZ’kks dks vLFkk;h rksj ij LVksj djus ds fy, fd;k tkrk gSA **Primary Memory are Two Types** 1.Ram 2. Rom 1. Ram --;g dEI;wVj dh vLFkk;h eseksjh gksrh gS ftldk mi;ksx dEI;wVj es MkVk rFkk funsZ’kks dks vLFkk;h #i ls LVksj djus ds fy, fd;k tkrk gS]bles ge MkVk rFkk funsZ’kks Read and Write Hkh dj ldrs gS bls Volatile memory dgrs gS ijUrq tc vpkud dEI;wVj dks fo/kqr vkiqrhZ feyuk can gks tk;s rks blds MkVk dk Loss gks tk;sxkA 2.Rom- -;g dEI;wVj dh,d LFkk;h eseksjh gksrh gS bles MkVk rFkk funsZ’kks dks Read rks dj ldrs gS ijUrq Write ugh dj ldrs gSA bls Non- Volatile Memory Hkh dgrs gSA 2.Secondary Memor:- bldk mi;ksx dEI;wVj es fn;s MkVk rFkk funsZ’kks dks LFkk;h #i ls LVksj djus ds fy, fd;k tkrk gS tc ge fdlh Qkby dks lso djrs gS rks og Secondary Memory es lso gksxh vkSj vko’;drk gksus ij ge mldks vkWiu dj ldrs gSA Exam. –C.D.,D.V.D.,Hard Disk,Floppy,Pen Drive,Memory Etc. ***Memory*** Memory Computer dh,d Work Storage ftldk mi;ksx dEI;wVj es MkVk rFkk funsZ’kks dks LFkk;h rFkk vLFkk;h rksj ij laxzfgr djus ds fy;s fd;k tkrk gSA *Memory are Two Types* 1.Primary Memory,2.Secandary Memory 1.Primary Memory :- bldk mi;ksx dEI;wVj es MkVk rFk funsZ’kks dks vLFkk;h rksj ij LVksj djus ds fy, fd;k tkrk gSA **Primary Memory are Two Types** 1.Ram 2. Rom 1. Ram --;g dEI;wVj dh vLFkk;h eseksjh gksrh gS ftldk mi;ksx dEI;wVj es MkVk rFkk funsZ’kks dks vLFkk;h #i ls LVksj djus ds fy, fd;k tkrk gS]bles ge MkVk rFkk funsZ’kks Read and Write Hkh dj ldrs gS bls Volatile memory dgrs gS ijUrq tc vpkud dEI;wVj dks fo/kqr vkiqrhZ feyuk can gks tk;s rks blds MkVk dk Loss gks tk;sxkA 2.Rom- -;g dEI;wVj dh,d LFkk;h eseksjh gksrh gS bles MkVk rFkk funsZ’kks dks Read rks dj ldrs gS ijUrq Write ugh dj ldrs gSA bls Non- Volatile Memory Hkh dgrs gSA 2.Secondary Memor:- bldk mi;ksx dEI;wVj es fn;s MkVk rFkk funsZ’kks dks LFkk;h #i ls LVksj djus ds fy, fd;k tkrk gS tc ge fdlh Qkby dks lso djrs gS rks og Secondary Memory es lso gksxh vkSj vko’;drk gksus ij ge mldks vkWiu dj ldrs gSA Exam. –C.D.,D.V.D.,Hard Disk,Floppy,Pen Drive,Memory Etc.

17 ***Window*** Window is a Multiuser,Multitasking Program gS foUMks dks Operating System ds uke ls Hkh tkuk tkrk gS Becouse Window dk mi;ksx dEI;wVj dks operate djus ds fy, fd;k tkrk gSA Window dks System Software Hkh dgk tkrk gSA ijUrq ;g nks ;k nks ls vf/kd dk;Z gsrq cuk;k tkrk gS Window lHkh Application Software dks ju djokrk gS ;g G.U.I.(Graphical User Interface) infr ij vk/kkfjr gS tc ge dEI;wVj es foUMks Mkyrs gS rks dEI;wVj gels gekjh gkMZ fMLd ds vyx vyx Hkkx cukus ds fy;s iqNrk gS rks ge mlds izR;sd Hkkx dks vyx vyx lkbt nsdj vkxs dh iq.kZ izkslsflx djrs gS rks gekjk dEI;wVj,d fuf’pr Ldzhu ij vkdj #d tkrk gS ftls MsLd VkWi dgk tkrk gS MsLd VkWi ds uhps,d uhys dyj dh iVh gksrh gs ftls VkLd ckj dgrs gS VkLd ckj ds nk;s Hkkx es fnukWd o le; fy[kk gksrk gS vkSj blds cka;s Hkkx es LVkjV uke fy[kk gqvk gksrk gS ftlds }kjk ge fdlh Hkh izksxzke dks ju djok ldrs gS rFkk LVkjV esU;q ds mij NksVs NksVs uke fy[ks gksrs gS ftUgs Icon dgk tkrk gSA ***Window*** Window is a Multiuser,Multitasking Program gS foUMks dks Operating System ds uke ls Hkh tkuk tkrk gS Becouse Window dk mi;ksx dEI;wVj dks operate djus ds fy, fd;k tkrk gSA Window dks System Software Hkh dgk tkrk gSA ijUrq ;g nks ;k nks ls vf/kd dk;Z gsrq cuk;k tkrk gS Window lHkh Application Software dks ju djokrk gS ;g G.U.I.(Graphical User Interface) infr ij vk/kkfjr gS tc ge dEI;wVj es foUMks Mkyrs gS rks dEI;wVj gels gekjh gkMZ fMLd ds vyx vyx Hkkx cukus ds fy;s iqNrk gS rks ge mlds izR;sd Hkkx dks vyx vyx lkbt nsdj vkxs dh iq.kZ izkslsflx djrs gS rks gekjk dEI;wVj,d fuf’pr Ldzhu ij vkdj #d tkrk gS ftls MsLd VkWi dgk tkrk gS MsLd VkWi ds uhps,d uhys dyj dh iVh gksrh gs ftls VkLd ckj dgrs gS VkLd ckj ds nk;s Hkkx es fnukWd o le; fy[kk gksrk gS vkSj blds cka;s Hkkx es LVkjV uke fy[kk gqvk gksrk gS ftlds }kjk ge fdlh Hkh izksxzke dks ju djok ldrs gS rFkk LVkjV esU;q ds mij NksVs NksVs uke fy[ks gksrs gS ftUgs Icon dgk tkrk gSA

18 **Icon are Two Types** 1.System Icon 2.Short Cut Icon 1. System Icon:- Computer es System Software &Window Mkyus ds ckn gekjs lkeus MsLd VkWi ij vkus okys ikWp vkbdu flLVe vkbdu dgykrs gSA tks fuEu gS 1.My Computer 2.My Document 3.Internet Explorer 4.Recycles Bin 5. My Network Place 1.My Computer :-- fdlh C.D.,D.V.D.,Floppy,Hard Disk,Pen Drive,Memory Card Open djus ds fy, ge dekUM dk mi;ksx djrs gSA 2.My Document— tc ge fdlh Qkby dks lso djrs gs rks gekjh og Qkby Autometic,by defalt my document es Save gks tkrh gS vxj pkgs rsk ml Qkby dks vU; fdlh Drive es save dj ldrs gS 3.Internet Explorer:-- Internet dks pkyq djus ds fy, bl vkbdu dk mi;ksx fd;k tkrk gSA 4. Recycles Bin :- -;g,d dpjs ds fMCcs ds leku gksrk gS vFkkZr tc ge fdlh Qkby dks fMfyV djrs gS rks gekjh og Qkby vius vki Recycle bin es pyh tkrh gS vxj ge pkgs rks ml Qkby dks Recycles bin ls Delete fd;s gq;s LFkku ij okil fjLVksj djok ldrs gS vxj geus ml Qkby dks Recycle bin ls Hkh gVk fn;k rks ges og Qkby okil dHkh ugh feysxh A 5. My Network Place – nks ;k nks ls vf/kd dEI;wVj dks vkil es tksM+us ds fy, bl vkbdu dk mi;ksx fd;k tkrk gSA **Short Cut Icon—User viuh lgk;rk gsrq fdlh vkbdu dk lkWVZdV MsLd VkWi ij cuk ysrk gS rks ml vkbdu dks Short Cut Icon dgrs gSA Exam.—M.S.Paint,NotePad,Word Pad, M.S. Word,M.S.Excel,Tally **Icon are Two Types** 1.System Icon 2.Short Cut Icon 1. System Icon:- Computer es System Software &Window Mkyus ds ckn gekjs lkeus MsLd VkWi ij vkus okys ikWp vkbdu flLVe vkbdu dgykrs gSA tks fuEu gS 1.My Computer 2.My Document 3.Internet Explorer 4.Recycles Bin 5. My Network Place 1.My Computer :-- fdlh C.D.,D.V.D.,Floppy,Hard Disk,Pen Drive,Memory Card Open djus ds fy, ge dekUM dk mi;ksx djrs gSA 2.My Document— tc ge fdlh Qkby dks lso djrs gs rks gekjh og Qkby Autometic,by defalt my document es Save gks tkrh gS vxj pkgs rsk ml Qkby dks vU; fdlh Drive es save dj ldrs gS 3.Internet Explorer:-- Internet dks pkyq djus ds fy, bl vkbdu dk mi;ksx fd;k tkrk gSA 4. Recycles Bin :- -;g,d dpjs ds fMCcs ds leku gksrk gS vFkkZr tc ge fdlh Qkby dks fMfyV djrs gS rks gekjh og Qkby vius vki Recycle bin es pyh tkrh gS vxj ge pkgs rks ml Qkby dks Recycles bin ls Delete fd;s gq;s LFkku ij okil fjLVksj djok ldrs gS vxj geus ml Qkby dks Recycle bin ls Hkh gVk fn;k rks ges og Qkby okil dHkh ugh feysxh A 5. My Network Place – nks ;k nks ls vf/kd dEI;wVj dks vkil es tksM+us ds fy, bl vkbdu dk mi;ksx fd;k tkrk gSA **Short Cut Icon—User viuh lgk;rk gsrq fdlh vkbdu dk lkWVZdV MsLd VkWi ij cuk ysrk gS rks ml vkbdu dks Short Cut Icon dgrs gSA Exam.—M.S.Paint,NotePad,Word Pad, M.S. Word,M.S.Excel,Tally

19 **Generation of Computer** bl fi

20 ***M.S. Paint*** M.S.Paint Program as ge isfUVx ls lacaf/kr dk;Z dj ldrs gS,e-,l- isUV Program Window System Software dk,d lnL; gS bl izksxzke as cukbZ xbZ Qkby dk Vkbi.bmp gksrk gS tc ge,e-,l-isUV izksxzke dks vksiu djrs gS rks gekjs lkeus fuEu Vqy ckj vksiu gksrh gS Tital bar :- og ckj tks ges vksiu izksxzke dk VkbVy lsk djrh gS VkbVy ckj dgykrh gSA 2. Menu Bar – og ckj ftkes cgqr lkjs esU;q gks esU;q ckj dgykrh gSA 3. Tool Box – og cksDl ftles cgqr lkjs vkbdu gksrs gS rFkk mues ls fdlh vkbdu dks lysDV djds fofHkUu izdkj dh fiDpj cukbZ tk ldrh gSA 4. Color Box—og cksDl ftles cgqr lkjs dyj gks rFkk mues ls fdlh Hkh dyj dk ge iz;ksx dj lds dyj cksDl dgykrk gSA 5.Text Tool Bar –bl ckj ds }kjk ge QksUV dh LVkby]lkbt]cksYM]bZVkyh o vuMjykbu dj ldrs gSA 6. Status Bar :-- M.S. Paint Program es Curser dh Condition tkuus ds fy, bl ckj dk mi;ksx fd;k tkrk gSA 7. Scroll Bar :-Page dks Top,Bottam,Right,Left es Drage djus ds fy, bl dekUM dk iz;ksx fd;k tkrk gSA ***M.S. Paint*** M.S.Paint Program as ge isfUVx ls lacaf/kr dk;Z dj ldrs gS,e-,l- isUV Program Window System Software dk,d lnL; gS bl izksxzke as cukbZ xbZ Qkby dk Vkbi.bmp gksrk gS tc ge,e-,l-isUV izksxzke dks vksiu djrs gS rks gekjs lkeus fuEu Vqy ckj vksiu gksrh gS Tital bar :- og ckj tks ges vksiu izksxzke dk VkbVy lsk djrh gS VkbVy ckj dgykrh gSA 2. Menu Bar – og ckj ftkes cgqr lkjs esU;q gks esU;q ckj dgykrh gSA 3. Tool Box – og cksDl ftles cgqr lkjs vkbdu gksrs gS rFkk mues ls fdlh vkbdu dks lysDV djds fofHkUu izdkj dh fiDpj cukbZ tk ldrh gSA 4. Color Box—og cksDl ftles cgqr lkjs dyj gks rFkk mues ls fdlh Hkh dyj dk ge iz;ksx dj lds dyj cksDl dgykrk gSA 5.Text Tool Bar –bl ckj ds }kjk ge QksUV dh LVkby]lkbt]cksYM]bZVkyh o vuMjykbu dj ldrs gSA 6. Status Bar :-- M.S. Paint Program es Curser dh Condition tkuus ds fy, bl ckj dk mi;ksx fd;k tkrk gSA 7. Scroll Bar :-Page dks Top,Bottam,Right,Left es Drage djus ds fy, bl dekUM dk iz;ksx fd;k tkrk gSA

21 **** File Menu**** 1.New:- M.S. Paint Program es,d ubZ Qkby cukus ds fy, bl dekaM dk mi;ksx fd;k tkrk gSA 2.Open :-Save dh xbZ Qkby dks vksiu djus ds fy, bl dekUM dk iz;ksx fd;k tkrk gSA 3. Save- gekjs }kjk cukbZ xbZ Qkby dks fdlh fo’ks’ uke ls lso djus ds fy, bl dekUM dk iz;ksx fd;k tkrk gSA 4. Save As -,d gh Qkby dks nks ;k nks ls vf/kd uke ls lso djus ds fy, bl dekUM dk mi;ksx fd;k tkrk gSA 5. From Scanner And Camera-- ;fn dEI;wVj es Ldsuj vksj dSejk Add. fd;k gqvk gks bles buiqV djokbZ xbZ fiDpj ;k MkWD;wesUV dks,t Vw,t dEI;wVj es vksiu djus ds fy, bl dekUM dk mi;ksx djrs gSA 6.Print Priview— gekjs }kjk cukbZ xbZ Qkby dk fizUV vkmV fudkyus ls igys fizO;q ns[kus ds fy, bl dekUM dk mi;ksx fd;k tkrk gSA 7. Print— gekjs }kjk cukb xbZ Qkby dk fizUV vkmV fudkyus ds fy, bl dekUM dk mi;ksx fd;k tkrk gSA **** File Menu**** 1.New:- M.S. Paint Program es,d ubZ Qkby cukus ds fy, bl dekaM dk mi;ksx fd;k tkrk gSA 2.Open :-Save dh xbZ Qkby dks vksiu djus ds fy, bl dekUM dk iz;ksx fd;k tkrk gSA 3. Save- gekjs }kjk cukbZ xbZ Qkby dks fdlh fo’ks’ uke ls lso djus ds fy, bl dekUM dk iz;ksx fd;k tkrk gSA 4. Save As -,d gh Qkby dks nks ;k nks ls vf/kd uke ls lso djus ds fy, bl dekUM dk mi;ksx fd;k tkrk gSA 5. From Scanner And Camera-- ;fn dEI;wVj es Ldsuj vksj dSejk Add. fd;k gqvk gks bles buiqV djokbZ xbZ fiDpj ;k MkWD;wesUV dks,t Vw,t dEI;wVj es vksiu djus ds fy, bl dekUM dk mi;ksx djrs gSA 6.Print Priview— gekjs }kjk cukbZ xbZ Qkby dk fizUV vkmV fudkyus ls igys fizO;q ns[kus ds fy, bl dekUM dk mi;ksx fd;k tkrk gSA 7. Print— gekjs }kjk cukb xbZ Qkby dk fizUV vkmV fudkyus ds fy, bl dekUM dk mi;ksx fd;k tkrk gSA

22 8.Page Set Up:- gekjs }kjk cukbZ xbZ Qkby dks Top,Bottam,Left,Right es Space dks de o T;knk djus ds fy, bl dekUM dk iz;ksx fd;k tkrk gS 9.Set As Wallpaper:- gekjs }kjk cukbZ xbZ Qkby dks MsLd VkWi ij oky isij ds #i es Sho wdjus ds fy, bl dekUM dk iz;ksx fd;k tkrk gSA 10.Send To :- gekjs }kjk cukbZ xbZ Qkby dks usV ds }kjk nqljs dEI;wVj ij Hkstus ds fy, bl dekUM dk iz;ksx fd;k tkrk gSA 11.Exit:-Current Program ;k Qkby ls ckgj vkus ds fy, bl dekUM dk iz;ksx fd;k tkrk gSA

23 ***Exit Menu*** ***Exit Menu*** 1.Undo-gekjs }kjk ykLV es fd;s x;s ifjorZu dks dsUlhy djus ds fy, bl dekUM dk iz;ksx fd;ktkrk gSA 1.Undo-gekjs }kjk ykLV es fd;s x;s ifjorZu dks dsUlhy djus ds fy, bl dekUM dk iz;ksx fd;ktkrk gSA 2.Repeat-Undo }kjk fd;s x;s ifjorZu dks dsfUly djus ds fy, bl dekUM dk iz;ksx fd;k tkrk gSA 2.Repeat-Undo }kjk fd;s x;s ifjorZu dks dsfUly djus ds fy, bl dekUM dk iz;ksx fd;k tkrk gSA 3.Cut-Seleted Matter dks dV djus ds fy, bl dekUM dk iz;ksx fd;k tkrk gSA 3.Cut-Seleted Matter dks dV djus ds fy, bl dekUM dk iz;ksx fd;k tkrk gSA 4.Copy -Seleted Matter dh As To As Copy djus ds fy, bl dekUM dk iz;ksx fd;k tkrk gSA 4.Copy -Seleted Matter dh As To As Copy djus ds fy, bl dekUM dk iz;ksx fd;k tkrk gSA 5.Past-Cut,Copy fd;s x;s esVj dks Curser Positionij isLV djus ds fy, bl dekUM dk iz;ksx fd;k tkrk gSA 5.Past-Cut,Copy fd;s x;s esVj dks Curser Positionij isLV djus ds fy, bl dekUM dk iz;ksx fd;k tkrk gSA 6.Select All-Current File es rS;kj fd;s x;s esVj dks lkFk lysDV djus ds fy, bl dekUM dk iz;ksx fd;k tkrk gSA 6.Select All-Current File es rS;kj fd;s x;s esVj dks lkFk lysDV djus ds fy, bl dekUM dk iz;ksx fd;k tkrk gSA 7.Clear-Selected Matter dks feVkus ds fy, bl dekUM dk iz;ksx fd;k tkrk gSA 7.Clear-Selected Matter dks feVkus ds fy, bl dekUM dk iz;ksx fd;k tkrk gSA 8.Copy to -Seleted Matter dks nqljh Qkby es dkWih djus ds fy, bl dekUM dk iz;ksx fd;k tkrk gSA 8.Copy to -Seleted Matter dks nqljh Qkby es dkWih djus ds fy, bl dekUM dk iz;ksx fd;k tkrk gSA 9.Past From -nqljh Qkby ds esVj dks gekjh Qkby es isLV djokus ds fy, bl dekUM dk iz;ksx fd;k tkrk gSA 9.Past From -nqljh Qkby ds esVj dks gekjh Qkby es isLV djokus ds fy, bl dekUM dk iz;ksx fd;k tkrk gSA

24 ***View Menu*** 1.Tool Box – bl dekUM ds mi;ksx vqy cksDl dks pkyq o can djus ds fy, fd;k tkrk gSA 2.Text Tool Bar-Text Tool Box dks can o pkyq djus ds fy, rFkk bles QkWUV dh lkbt dks Bold,Italic,Unerline nsus ds fy, bldk iz;ksx fd;k tkrk gSA 3.Color Box-Color Box dks pkyq o can djus ds fy, bldk iz;ksx fd;k tkrk gSA 4.Status Bar-Status Bar dks pkyq o can djus ds fy, A 5.View Bitup-M.S. Paint es cukbZ xbZ Qkby dks Qqy Ldzhu ij ns[kus ds fy, bldk iz;ksx fd;k tkrk gSA 6.Zoom-1.Normal M.S. Paint es cukbZ xbZ Qkby dks ukWjey lkbt es ns[kus ds fy, bldk iz;ksx fd;k tkrk gSA 2 Large Size- File dks cM+s :i es ns[kus ds fy, A 3 Custom Size-M.S.Paint es cukb xb Qkby dks viuh bPNkvuqlkj ns[kus ds fy, bldk iz;ksx fd;k tkrk gSA ***View Menu*** 1.Tool Box – bl dekUM ds mi;ksx vqy cksDl dks pkyq o can djus ds fy, fd;k tkrk gSA 2.Text Tool Bar-Text Tool Box dks can o pkyq djus ds fy, rFkk bles QkWUV dh lkbt dks Bold,Italic,Unerline nsus ds fy, bldk iz;ksx fd;k tkrk gSA 3.Color Box-Color Box dks pkyq o can djus ds fy, bldk iz;ksx fd;k tkrk gSA 4.Status Bar-Status Bar dks pkyq o can djus ds fy, A 5.View Bitup-M.S. Paint es cukbZ xbZ Qkby dks Qqy Ldzhu ij ns[kus ds fy, bldk iz;ksx fd;k tkrk gSA 6.Zoom-1.Normal M.S. Paint es cukbZ xbZ Qkby dks ukWjey lkbt es ns[kus ds fy, bldk iz;ksx fd;k tkrk gSA 2 Large Size- File dks cM+s :i es ns[kus ds fy, A 3 Custom Size-M.S.Paint es cukb xb Qkby dks viuh bPNkvuqlkj ns[kus ds fy, bldk iz;ksx fd;k tkrk gSA

25 ***Image Menu*** 1.Flip Rotate-M.S. Paint es cukbZ xbZ Qkby dks viuh bPNkuqlkj ?kqekus ds fy, bl dekUM dk iz;ksx fd;k tkrk gSA 2.Strech/Skew- M.S. Paint es cukbZ xbZ Qkby ;k fiDpj dks viuh bPNkuqlkj ns[kus ds fy, bldk iz;ksx fd;k tkrk gSA 3.Invort Color:- fdlh fiDpj es foifjr jax Hkjus ds fy, A 4.Attributs-M.S.Paint es cuk;s x;s MkWD;qesUV dh lkbt dks de o T;knk djus ds fy, A 5.Draw Opque-M.S.Paint ds cksDl es esVj Vkbi djrs le; ;k VsDlV fy[krs le; vkus okyh lQsn iVh dks pkyq ;k can djus ds fy, A ***Color Menu*** Edit Color- Color Box es viuh bPNkuqlkj dyj Hkjus ds fy,A ***Image Menu*** 1.Flip Rotate-M.S. Paint es cukbZ xbZ Qkby dks viuh bPNkuqlkj ?kqekus ds fy, bl dekUM dk iz;ksx fd;k tkrk gSA 2.Strech/Skew- M.S. Paint es cukbZ xbZ Qkby ;k fiDpj dks viuh bPNkuqlkj ns[kus ds fy, bldk iz;ksx fd;k tkrk gSA 3.Invort Color:- fdlh fiDpj es foifjr jax Hkjus ds fy, A 4.Attributs-M.S.Paint es cuk;s x;s MkWD;qesUV dh lkbt dks de o T;knk djus ds fy, A 5.Draw Opque-M.S.Paint ds cksDl es esVj Vkbi djrs le; ;k VsDlV fy[krs le; vkus okyh lQsn iVh dks pkyq ;k can djus ds fy, A ***Color Menu*** Edit Color- Color Box es viuh bPNkuqlkj dyj Hkjus ds fy,A

26 **Note Pad** bl izksxzke dk mi;ksx uksjey Vkbfiax ls lacaf/kr dk;Z djus ds fy, fd;k tkrk gSA uksV isM izksxzke es cukbZ xbZ Qkby dk Type.Txt gksrk gSA Note Pad Program Window ds A accessrise Group dk,d Member gSAtc ge uksV isM izksxzke dks vksiu djrs gS rks gekjs lkeus fuEu Vqy ckj vksiu gksrh gS Tital Bar, 2.Menu Bar, 3.Status Bar 1. File Menu ---New,Open,Save,Save AS,Page Set Up,Print Priview,Print,Sand To,Exit. 2.Edit Menu --- Undo,Repeat,Cut,Copy,Past Past Special –Cut,Copyfd;s x;s esVj dks djlj dh iksthLu ij,d fiDpj ds :i es isLV djokus ds fy, A Delete –Selected Matter dks gVkus ds fy,A Find—gekjs }kjk Vkbi fd;s x;s esVj es ls fdlh fo’ksl dk;Z ;k lsUVsDl dks [ksktus ds fy, A Find Next – gekjs }kjk [kksts x;s “’kCn dh [kkst dks tkjh j[kus ds fy,]tc esVj dk vUr vk tk;s A Replace- Find fd;s x;s Word/Sentence ds LFkku ij vU; Word/Sentence dks Replace djokus ds fy,A Date&Time—gekjs }kjk cukbZ xbZ Qkby es Curser Position ij Current Date & Time Insert djokus ds fy,A Go To –gekjs }kjk cukbZ xbZ Qkby es fdlh ist vkSj ykbu uacj ij tkus ds fy, xks Vq dk mi;ksx fd;k tkrk gSA Select All ---- Format Menu -- 1.Word Wrap –bl dekUM dk mi;ksx uksV isM es oMZ jsi dks can o pkyq djus ds fy, fd;k tkrk gSSA vxj oMZ jsi pkyq gksxk rks gekjs }kjk Vkbi dh tkus okyh ykbu foUMks rd iqjh gkus ds ckn gekjk djlj uhps fh ykbu es vk tk;sxkA vxj can gskxk rks gekjs }kjk Vkbi fd;k tkus okyk esVj,d gh ykbu es Vkbi gksxkA 2.Font—Selected Font dh Style,Size,Bold,Italic,Underline djus ds fy,A


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