Presentation on theme: "Michael Botticelli, Acting Director Office of National Drug Control Policy October 10, 2014 Addiction Medicine: A Case-based Approach to the Integrated."— Presentation transcript:
Michael Botticelli, Acting Director Office of National Drug Control Policy October 10, 2014 Addiction Medicine: A Case-based Approach to the Integrated Treatment of Addictive Disorders and Other Mental and Medical Conditions Harvard Medical School Boston, Massachusetts Reforming Our Response to Substance Use: A Drug Policy for the 21 st Century
Disclosure Neither I nor any member of my immediate family has a financial relationship with commercial entities producing, marketing, re-selling, or distributing health care goods or services consumed by, or used on, patients relevant to the content I am presenting. My content will not include discussion/ reference to commercial products or services. I do not intend to discuss an unapproved/ investigative use of commercial products/devices.
Knowledge of Addiction: 20 th Century Versus 21 st Century Approach Myths & Misconceptions Morally Flawed Lacking in Willpower Punitive Response s What Does the Science Tell Us? Disease of the Brain Health Problem Therapeutic Responses
Component of the Executive Office of the President Coordinates drug-control activities and related funding across the Federal Government Produces the annual National Drug Control Strategy Office of National Drug Control Policy
National Drug Control Strategy The President’s science-based plan to reform drug policy: 1)Prevent drug use before it ever begins through education 2)Expand access to treatment for Americans struggling with addiction 3)Reform our criminal justice system 4)Support Americans in recovery Coordinated Federal effort on 112 action items Signature initiatives: – Prescription Drug Abuse – Prevention – Drugged Driving
$ in Millions 10/2014 Balanced Drug Policy: Federal Drug Control Spending, FY 2014 Enacted
Criminal Justice Response Supporting – Sentencing changes that use data – Evidence-based alternatives to incarceration that offer treatment for substance use disorders – People with substance use disorders as they reenter their communities Promoting – Connections to care for justice- involved people – Effective and appropriate treatment in justice settings Encouraging – Hiring of people with criminal records who are not a threat to the community – Policies that help justice- involved people address the basic needs of housing, education, and employment
Criminal Justice Reform in 2014 Fair Sentencing Act Smart on Crime Federal Interagency Reentry Council
The National Drug Control Strategy supports comprehensive overdose prevention efforts, to include: Public education campaigns about signs of overdose, emergency interventions, “Good Samaritan” laws where they exist, and connecting people to substance use disorders treatment. Training and availability of emergency interventions, naloxone for first responders (including campus police). Education among health care providers to inform patients using opioids (and their family members/caregivers) about overdose. Naloxone co-prescribing. Overdose Prevention and Education
Opioid Overdose Resuscitation The American Society of Anesthesiologists (ASA) has created a card explaining how to recognize and respond to an opioid overdose. The card, called “Opioid Overdose Resuscitation,” is available for download on the ASA Web site. We ask all of you to disseminate this card as widely as possible. To download the card, go to: http://www.asahq.org/WhenSecondsCount/resources
C ONTINUUM OF C ARE Reforming Treatment and Care
Treatment and Care From Acute Care Model Enters Treatment Completes Assessment Receives Treatment Discharged To Chronic Care Model Prevention Early Intervention Treatment Recovery Support Services Source: McLellan AT, Starrels JL, Tai B, Gordon AJ, Brown R, Ghitza U, Gourevitch M, Stein J, Oros M, Horton T, Lindblad R, Jennifer McNeely J. Can substance use disorders be managed using the chronic care model? Review and recommendations from a NIDA consensus group. Public Health Reviews. 2014;34: epub ahead of print
7,608,000 Needing Treatment at a Specialty Facility Felt They Needed Treatment and Did Make an Effort (148,000) Did Not Feel They Needed Treatment (5,731,000) Felt They Needed Treatment and Did Not Make an Effort (247,000) 3% 19% 75% Source: SAMHSA, 2013 National Survey on Drug Use and Health (September 2014). Perceived Need for and Effort Made to Receive Specialty Treatment Among Persons Aged 12 or Older Needing But Not Receiving Treatment: 2013 Received Specialty Treatment (1,483,000) 2%
The HIV Care Continuum in the United States, 2009 Source: Office of National AIDS Policy, National HIV Strategy: Improving Outcomes, Accelerating Progress along the HIV Care Continuum, December 2013
U.S. Health Care reforms will extend access to and Parity for substance use treatment and mental health services for an estimated 62 million Americans and help integrate substance use treatment into mainstream health care. 1 Coverage for expanded Medicaid population is likely to create an increased need for substance abuse treatment services and staff. All health insurance sold on Health Insurance Exchanges and provided in Medicaid programs (ACOs, MCOs, and CHIP) must include services for substance use disorders. Early Intervention and Treatment Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act 1 Berino, K., Rosa, P., Skopec, L. & Glied, S. (2013). Affordable Care Act Will Expand Mental Health and Substance Use Disorder Benefits and Parity Protections for 62 Million Americans. Research Brief. Assistant Secretary for Planning and Evaluation (ASPE). Washington, D.C.
Paul Wellstone and Pete Domenici Mental Health Parity and Addiction Equity Act of 2008 Medicaid Managed Care Organizations, Children’s Health Insurance Program, and Alternative Benefit (Benchmark) are required to meet the provisions within Application of the Paul Wellstone and Pete Domenici Mental Health Parity and Addiction Equity Act of 2008.
Screening, Brief Intervention, and Referral to Treatment (SBIRT) Enhances access and care for people with substance use disorders. Need to focus on integration of substance use disorders into primary care. Screening is essential for case identification and clinical decision making. Referrals to specialty treatment are critical to increased access to care. Brief Interventions do not appear to be as effective for reducing drug use as for reducing alcohol use.* We need to find new/better interventions in primary care. * Brief Intervention for Problem Drug Use in Safety-Net Primary Care Settings: A Randomized Clinical Trial. Peter Roy-Byrne, et al. JAMA. 2014;312(5):492-501. doi:10.1001/jama.2014.7860. Screening and Brief Intervention for Drug Use in Primary Care: The ASPIRE Randomized Clinical Trial. Richard Saitz, MD, et al. JAMA. 2014;312(5):502-513. doi:10.1001/jama.2014.7862.
Three Distinctions Among Collaborative Models 1 Coordinated: Routine screening for behavioral health problems in primary care settings, but delivery of services may occur in different settings. Co-located: Medical services and behavioral health services located in the same facility. Integrated: Medical services and behavioral health services located either in the same facility or in separate locations. 1 Collins, C. Hewson, D., L., Munger, R., & Wade, T. (2010). Evolving Models of Behavioral Health Integration in Primary Care. Milbank Memorial Fund.
Evidence-Based Practices: Adoption in Drug Treatment 20062011 HIV testing 29.7%27.9% HepC screening 22.9%23.1% TB screening 33.9%35.5% HIV education/counseling 53.1%57.8% Transportation assistance 35.3%39.4% Psychiatric meds 34.0%36.3% Nicotine replacement 12.9%20.5% Naltrexone 12.8%17.3% Buprenorphine 11.0%19.6% Source: N-SSATS 2006 and 2011 results, SAMHSA
For Opioid Use Disorder Methadone Naltrexone (Vivitrol) Buprenorphine Buprenorphine/Naloxone Medications Currently Available For Nicotine Use Disorder Nicotine Replacement Therapies (NRT) Bupropion Varenicline For Alcohol Use Disorder Disulfiram Naltrexone Acamprosate Naltrexone Depot Topiramate Principles of Drug Addiction Treatment, National Institutes of Health – National Institute on Drug Abuse
Recovery Support Services Services and supports for persons prescribed buprenorphine in office-based settings – Vermont’s Hub & Spoke System – Vermont Recovery Network Recovery support services and engagement with broader recovery community for persons in opioid treatment programs Service coordination for individuals in MAT, both office-based and through opioid treatment programs – Continuity – Early reengagement in services during relapse Inform and engage recovery community – What the science says about MAT for opioid use disorders – Overdose prevention & reversal – Welcoming and support of those in MAT
Stigma and Language Addict Hitting Bottom Junkie Crack Head Substance Abuse/Abuser Dirty Urine Clean Urine Habit/Drug Habit