Presentation on theme: "Advances and Strategies for Agriculture Research in China"— Presentation transcript:
1 Advances and Strategies for Agriculture Research in China Dr. Gong XifengDeputy Director GeneralDepartment of International CoperationChinese Academy of Agricultural Sciences
2 CONTENT Status of Agriculture in China Research Achievements ChallengesStrategyPriority For Future Research
3 STATUSSince the reform and opening-up policy almost 30 years ago, China has achieved favorable balance for supply and demand of agricultural products;During this process, agricultural science and technology has played a leading role and contributed substantially to rural economic development.
10 ACHIEVEMENTS Collection and conservation of germplasm resources Near400,000 accessions of crop germplasms are collected and conserved in the national Genebank
11 ACHIEVEMENTS Collection and conservation of germplasm resources 2 National long-term Genebanks10 mid-term gene banks32 repositories for perennial plantsover 100 conservation sites for wild plants,31 sites for original aquatic organisms2 gene-banks for domestic animals50 genetic resource preservation farms7 national collection centers
12 ACHIEVEMENTS 2. Establish Integrated breeding system for new varieties Hybrid Rice and Super riceTransgenic Bt CottonHigh-yield and quality CanolaDwarf-male-sterile WheatVegetablesChinese Cabbage
13 ACHIEVEMENTS Hybrid Rice and Super rice China has organized scientists nation-wide to create hybrid rice in 1970’s and Super rice in 1990’s.
16 ACHIEVEMENTS Transgenic Bt Cotton After Monsanto, CAAS has acquired our won IPR for Bt Cotton;CAAS first developed combination of transgenic cotton with Bt and CpTI genes;CAAS first developed three line hybrid cotton.
20 ACHIEVEMENTSDwarf-male-sterile Wheat and its Recurrent Selection System
21 ACHIEVEMENTS Vegetables New way of breeding: space mutation breeding technology
22 ACHIEVEMENTS Chinese Cabbage The 1st applicable dominant male sterile line incabbage in the world
23 ACHIEVEMENTS3. Establishment of technical system for major animal disease control and preventionavian influenza vaccine foot and mouth disease vaccine etc.
24 ACHIEVEMENTSEstablishment of Quality Standard System and Quality Control system280 national and 1780 local quality control and testing centers established;More than 2500 national standards established;Near local standards developed.
25 ACHIEVEMENTS5. Efficient utilization of agricultural resources, environment control and ecological restoration
26 ACHIEVEMENTS6. Digital agriculture and agricultural information technologyEstablish information collection system for live-stock and poultry quality tracing and crop disease and pest monitoring;Research and development databasesPrecision fertilizer application model based on soil nutrient.
27 CHALLENGESPopulation increasing and arable land decreasing, plus living standards raising bring an ever-growing pressure on grain supply.
28 CHALLENGES Resources Limitation: Per capita arable farmland: 40% of world average;Per capita water endowment: 25% of world average;
29 CHALLENGES Resources and environment 40% of farmland degradation; 4 million hectares of farmland and 5.9 million hectares of grassland are under desertification risk；1.4 million hectares of grassland are degraded annually.
30 CHALLENGESPollutionCrop pesticides, heavy metal and fertilizer pollution problem;Animal antibiotics and hormones residues problems;
31 CHALLENGES Invasive species and natural disaster more than 380 alien plants, 40 animals and 23 microorganism Invasive spices into China recently；15%-20% of plant species are under risk of losses that threaten our biological basis;Flood, drought, climate and pest and disease disaster occurs frequently which make lost of agricultural production 6-8%.
32 CHALLENGES Farmer livelihood Farmers’ income increased growth rate with slight percentage in the last few years if compared with that of urban residents.Most of income are from non-agricultural activities..
33 CHALLENGES International competition Most land-intensive products do not have comparative advantages in the international markets;Some labor–intensive products have advantages but the quality needed to meet the standards of trade partner countries.
34 STRATEGIES 1. Demanding: By 2030, Chinese population will reach 1.6 billion with food grain demands of 640 million tons ；Assume 95% self reliance, 100 million tons food grains need to be increased to meet the demands;
35 STRATEGIES2. National Agricultural Development Objectives are to realize “3S” Strategy for agricultural development:SecuritySafetySustainability
36 STRATEGIES 3. Supporting Policy and Initiatives: Developing national and regional agricultural innovation systems;Improve mechanism and enhance institutional innovation;New platform development and capacity building;Accelerating transfer of scientific achievements;Consolidating internal and international cooperation.
37 PRIORITY Research Priorities (Security) Germplasm resources gene discovery and developing of new animal and plant cultivarsdiscover functional genes develop new breeding platformimprove plant and animal varieties37
38 PRIORITY Research Priorities (Security) Prevention and control of serious diseases and pestsReducing lost of agricultural production Controlling invasive species38
39 PRIORITY Research Priorities (Safety) Highly efficient production and food safetyanimal and crop production with high-yield, high quality, high efficiencywhole-process quality controltracing and safety testing technologyGMO safety control39
40 PRIORITY Research Priorities( Sustainability) The control and rehabilitation of agro- environmental pollution Warning and control of non-biological agricultural disasters,Agro-biodiversity conservation Agricultural resources utilization40