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Advances and Strategies for Agriculture Research in China Dr. Gong Xifeng Deputy Director General Deputy Director General Department of International Coperation.

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Presentation on theme: "Advances and Strategies for Agriculture Research in China Dr. Gong Xifeng Deputy Director General Deputy Director General Department of International Coperation."— Presentation transcript:

1 Advances and Strategies for Agriculture Research in China Dr. Gong Xifeng Deputy Director General Deputy Director General Department of International Coperation Chinese Academy of Agricultural Sciences

2 CONTENT Status of Agriculture in ChinaStatus of Agriculture in China Research AchievementsResearch Achievements ChallengesChallenges StrategyStrategy Priority For Future ResearchPriority For Future Research

3 STATUS Since the reform and opening-up policy almost 30 years ago, China has achieved favorable balance for supply and demand of agricultural products; During this process, agricultural science and technology has played a leading role and contributed substantially to rural economic development.

4 STATUS Grain (Million tons)

5 STATUS Grain (ton/ha)

6 STATUS Meat (Million tons)

7 STATUS Egg (Million tons)

8 STATUS Milk (Million tons)

9 STATUS Farm Income (RMB)

10 ACHIEVEMENTS 1.Collection and conservation of germplasm resources Near400,000 accessions of crop germplasms are collected and conserved in the national Genebank

11 ACHIEVEMENTS  2 National long-term Genebanks  10 mid-term gene banks  32 repositories for perennial plants  over 100 conservation sites for wild plants,  31 sites for original aquatic organisms  2 gene-banks for domestic animals  50 genetic resource preservation farms  7 national collection centers 1. 1.Collection and conservation of germplasm resources

12 2. Establish Integrated breeding system for new varieties ACHIEVEMENTS   Hybrid Rice and Super rice   Transgenic Bt Cotton   High-yield and quality Canola   Dwarf-male-sterile Wheat   Vegetables   Chinese Cabbage

13 ACHIEVEMENTS   Hybrid Rice and Super rice China has organized scientists nation-wide to create hybrid rice in 1970’s and Super rice in 1990’s.

14 ACHIEVEMENTS Hybrid Rice

15 ACHIEVEMENTS Super rice

16 ACHIEVEMENTS  Transgenic Bt Cotton  After Monsanto, CAAS has acquired our won IPR for Bt Cotton;  CAAS first developed combination of transgenic cotton with Bt and CpTI genes;  CAAS first developed three line hybrid cotton.

17 Transgenic Cotton

18 Transgenic CK Three-line Transgenic Cotton

19 ACHIEVEMENTS  High-yield and quality Canola

20 ACHIEVEMENTS  Dwarf-male-sterile Wheat and its Recurrent Selection System

21 ACHIEVEMENTS  Vegetables   New way of breeding: space mutation breeding technology

22 ACHIEVEMENTS  Chinese Cabbage   The 1st applicable dominant male sterile line in cabbage in the world

23 ACHIEVEMENTS 3. Establishment of technical system for major animal disease control and prevention   avian influenza vaccine foot and mouth disease vaccine etc.

24 ACHIEVEMENTS 4.Establishment of Quality Standard System and Quality Control system   280 national and 1780 local quality control and testing centers established;   More than 2500 national standards established;   Near 10000 local standards developed.

25 ACHIEVEMENTS 5. Efficient utilization of agricultural resources, environment control and ecological restoration

26 ACHIEVEMENTS 6. Digital agriculture and agricultural information technology   Establish information collection system for live-stock and poultry quality tracing and crop disease and pest monitoring;   Research and development databases   Precision fertilizer application model based on soil nutrient.

27 CHALLENGES Population increasing and arable land decreasing, plus living standards raising bring an ever-growing pressure on grain supply.

28 CHALLENGES Resources Limitation:  Per capita arable farmland: 40% of world average;  Per capita water endowment: 25% of world average;

29 CHALLENGES 1.Resources and environment  40% of farmland degradation;  4 million hectares of farmland and 5.9 million hectares of grassland are under desertification risk ;  1.4 million hectares of grassland are degraded annually.

30 CHALLENGES 2.Pollution   Crop pesticides, heavy metal and fertilizer pollution problem;   Animal antibiotics and hormones residues problems;

31 CHALLENGES 3.Invasive species and natural disaster   more than 380 alien plants, 40 animals and 23 microorganism Invasive spices into China recently ;   15%-20% of plant species are under risk of losses that threaten our biological basis;   Flood, drought, climate and pest and disease disaster occurs frequently which make lost of agricultural production 6-8%.

32 CHALLENGES 4.Farmer livelihood  Farmers’ income increased growth rate with slight percentage in the last few years if compared with that of urban residents.  Most of income are from non-agricultural activities..

33 CHALLENGES 5.International competition   Most land-intensive products do not have comparative advantages in the international markets;   Some labor–intensive products have advantages but the quality needed to meet the standards of trade partner countries.

34 STRATEGIES 1. Demanding:   By 2030, Chinese population will reach 1.6 billion with food grain demands of 640 million tons ;   Assume 95% self reliance, 100 million tons food grains need to be increased to meet the demands;

35 STRATEGIES 2. National Agricultural Development Objectives are to realize “3S” Strategy for agricultural development:  Security  Safety  Sustainability

36 STRATEGIES  Developing national and regional agricultural innovation systems;  Improve mechanism and enhance institutional innovation;  New platform development and capacity building;  Accelerating transfer of scientific achievements;  Consolidating internal and international cooperation. 3. Supporting Policy and Initiatives:

37  Research Priorities (Security) 1)Germplasm resources gene discovery and developing of new animal and plant cultivars  discover functional genes  discover functional genes  develop new breeding platform  improve plant and animal varieties PRIORITY

38  Research Priorities (Security) 1)Prevention and control of serious diseases and pests  Reducing lost of agricultural production  Reducing lost of agricultural production  Controlling invasive species PRIORITY

39  Research Priorities (Safety) Highly efficient production and food safety  animal and crop production with high-yield, high quality, high efficiency  whole-process quality control  tracing and safety testing technology  GMO safety control PRIORITY

40  Research Priorities( Sustainability)  The control and rehabilitation of agro- environmental pollution  The control and rehabilitation of agro- environmental pollution  Warning and control of non-biological agricultural disasters,  Agro-biodiversity conservation  Agro-biodiversity conservation  Agricultural resources utilization PRIORITY

41 Thank you!


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