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Cultures of Europe I Session 2 Welcome to Hungary! Hungary through the Arts 2.

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Presentation on theme: "Cultures of Europe I Session 2 Welcome to Hungary! Hungary through the Arts 2."— Presentation transcript:

1 Cultures of Europe I Session 2 Welcome to Hungary! Hungary through the Arts 2

2 The Baroque Maria Theresa ( ) as Queen of Hungary

3 18th-century parish church (Jászberény) Péterffy Palace, 1756 (Pest) o free, symmetrical arrangement o graceful shapes o semi-circularheaded windows o regular subdivisions of the façade and the interior o blended shapes Baroque architecture

4 Baroque architecture and sculpture Black Virgin High Altar, Paulite Church (Pest) Interior of the Paulite Church (Pest) o open areas o sequence of chapels o curved walls o marble columns o blind arches o sculpted texture of surfaces o devotional paintings and sculptures – Virgin Mary o sculpture-frame o angelic figures o detailed drapery o gilded statues and picture-frame

5 Literature Miklós Zrínyi ( ) o poet, prose-writer, politician, military leader o best-known work: The Peril of Sziget after the classical tradition

6 Late Baroque – Rococo Sala terrana of the Esterházy Palace, o arose in secular culture, but also established itself in ecclesiastic art o unfolding classicizing taste o construction of public buildings: free-form arrangements interiors dominated by a wealth of playful decorations, curvilinear partitioning elements whimsical ornamentation, exotic motifs cycle of frescoes in the interior o Late Baroque historical painting → scenes from Hungarian history o renders the 1566 siege of the Fort of Szigetvár, when its defender Miklós Zrínyi met his death

7 Nineteenth-century Hungarian art Classicism o early 19th century o order and hamony  education o libraries, art collections, museums o the art of classical antiquity was the fundamental orientation for Classicism o ideas of urbanism and urban planning in architecture Ferenc Kazinczy ( ) a leading thinker of the time, lay emphasis on art and aesthetics, on the preservation and renewal of national culture István Ferenczy, Sheperdess (The Origin of the Fine Arts), o one of the best-known works of Classicism in Hungary o no single main view

8 Neo-Palladian architecture in Hungary symmetry proportion, volume, human shape classical Orders rich sculptural decoration

9 19th-century folk literarture and Romanticism in Hungary János Arany Mihály Vörösmarty Ferenc Kölcsey Sándor Petőfi ( ) o one of the best-known Hungarian poets o the Hungarian landscape, the issues of the Hungarian folk and folk mythology are central to his poetry János Arany ( ) o born into the world of folk, he sought to reveal this world in his art o After the Revolution, he turned towards historical themes, sought to give insight through the interpretation of these Ferenc Kölcsey ( ) o the author of the „National Anthem” of Hungary (1823) o longing for the unknown was the main direction of his poetry, the exploration of the mystery of existence Mihály Vörösmarty ( ) o one of the initiators of the Romantic movement in Hungarian literature o the theme of myths and legends marks a dominant strain of his art o author of Szózat, “Appeal” (1836) Sándor Petőfi

10 The 19th-century portrait Bertalan Székely, Self-Portrait, 1860 Fülöp László, Pope Leo XIII, 1900

11 A double portrait Henrik Weber, The Composer Mihály Mosonyi and his Wife, 1840’s

12 Mihály Zichy, The Triumph of the Genius of Destruction, 1878 Eugene Delacroix, The Twenty-eight of July: Liberty Leading the People, 1830 Historical painting

13 The 19th-century landscape Károly Ferenczy, Church, 1903 Miklós Barabás, Venice, Twilight, 1830’s László Paál, Path in Fontainebleau Woods, 1876

14 19th-century architecture Miklós Ybl, The Opera House, 1884 Frigyes Feszl, The Vigadó (Municipal Concert Hall), Ludwig Förster, The Dohány Street Synagogue,

15 Béla Bartók Zoltán Kodály Ferenc Erkel Representatives of Hungarian music

16 References:  Andrea Palladio,” at the homepage of The Royal Institute of British Architects. Retrieved from Palladio/AndreaPalladio/PalladiosBuildings/PalladiosBuildings.aspx Szerb, Antal. Magyar irodalomtörténet. [The History of Hungarian Literature.] Budapest: Magvető, Bellák, Gábor et. al, A Thousand Years of Art in Hungary. Budapest: Corvina, Essential Humanities. Retrieved from architecture/http://www.essential-

17 Home assignment: Please, look up the following words in an English-language dictionary: god polytheism and monotheism Old Testament New Testament

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