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Session 2 Welcome to Hungary!  Hungary through the Arts 2

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1 Session 2 Welcome to Hungary!  Hungary through the Arts 2
Cultures of Europe I Session 2 Welcome to Hungary!  Hungary through the Arts 2

2 The Baroque Maria Theresa ( ) as Queen of Hungary

3 Baroque architecture free, symmetrical arrangement graceful shapes
semi-circularheaded windows regular subdivisions of the façade and the interior blended shapes Péterffy Palace, 1756 (Pest) 18th-century parish church (Jászberény)

4 Baroque architecture and sculpture
open areas sequence of chapels curved walls marble columns blind arches sculpted texture of surfaces Interior of the Paulite Church (Pest) Black Virgin High Altar, Paulite Church (Pest) devotional paintings and sculptures – Virgin Mary sculpture-frame angelic figures detailed drapery gilded statues and picture-frame

5 Literature Miklós Zrínyi (1620-1664)
poet, prose-writer, politician, military leader best-known work: The Peril of Sziget after the classical tradition

6 arose in secular culture, but also established itself in ecclesiastic art
unfolding classicizing taste construction of public buildings: free-form arrangements interiors dominated by a wealth of playful decorations, curvilinear partitioning elements whimsical ornamentation, exotic motifs cycle of frescoes in the interior Late Baroque – Rococo Sala terrana of the Esterházy Palace, Late Baroque historical painting → scenes from Hungarian history renders the 1566 siege of the Fort of Szigetvár , when its defender Miklós Zrínyi met his death

7 Nineteenth-century Hungarian art
Classicism early 19th century order and hamony  education libraries, art collections, museums the art of classical antiquity was the fundamental orientation for Classicism ideas of urbanism and urban planning in architecture Ferenc Kazinczy ( ) István Ferenczy, Sheperdess (The Origin of the Fine Arts), a leading thinker of the time, lay emphasis on art and aesthetics, on the preservation and renewal of national culture one of the best-known works of Classicism in Hungary no single main view

8 Neo-Palladian architecture in Hungary
symmetry proportion , volume, human shape classical Orders rich sculptural decoration

9 19th-century folk literarture and Romanticism in Hungary
Sándor Petőfi János Arany Sándor Petőfi ( ) one of the best-known Hungarian poets the Hungarian landscape, the issues of the Hungarian folk and folk mythology are central to his poetry János Arany ( ) born into the world of folk, he sought to reveal this world in his art After the Revolution, he turned towards historical themes, sought to give insight through the interpretation of these Ferenc Kölcsey ( ) the author of the „National Anthem” of Hungary (1823) longing for the unknown was the main direction of his poetry, the exploration of the mystery of existence Mihály Vörösmarty ( ) one of the initiators of the Romantic movement in Hungarian literature the theme of myths and legends marks a dominant strain of his art author of Szózat, “Appeal” (1836) Ferenc Kölcsey Mihály Vörösmarty

10 The 19th-century portrait
Bertalan Székely, Self-Portrait, 1860 Fülöp László, Pope Leo XIII, 1900

11 A double portrait Henrik Weber, The Composer Mihály Mosonyi and his Wife, 1840’s

12 Historical painting Mihály Zichy, The Triumph of the Genius of Destruction, 1878 Eugene Delacroix, The Twenty-eight of July: Liberty Leading the People, 1830

13 The 19th-century landscape
Károly Ferenczy, Church, 1903 László Paál, Path in Fontainebleau Woods, 1876 Miklós Barabás, Venice, Twilight, 1830’s

14 19th-century architecture
Miklós Ybl, The Opera House, 1884 Frigyes Feszl, The Vigadó (Municipal Concert Hall), Ludwig Förster, The Dohány Street Synagogue,

15 Representatives of Hungarian music Zoltán Kodály Ferenc Erkel
Béla Bartók

16 References: Andrea Palladio,” at the homepage of The Royal Institute of British Architects. Retrieved from Palladio/AndreaPalladio/PalladiosBuildings/PalladiosBuildings.aspx Szerb, Antal. Magyar irodalomtörténet. [The History of Hungarian Literature.] Budapest: Magvető, 1972. Bellák, Gábor et. al, A Thousand Years of Art in Hungary. Budapest: Corvina, Essential Humanities . Retrieved from architecture/

17 polytheism and monotheism
Home assignment: Please, look up the following words in an English-language dictionary: god polytheism and monotheism Old Testament New Testament

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