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Financial Records & Statements Ch. 12-2 PoB 2011.

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Presentation on theme: "Financial Records & Statements Ch. 12-2 PoB 2011."— Presentation transcript:

1 Financial Records & Statements Ch. 12-2 PoB 2011

2  Financial Records – are used to record and analyze the financial performance are maintained Financial Records

3  Assets Records – identify the buildings and equipment owned by the business, their original and current value, and the amount owed if money was borrowed to purchase the assets  Depreciation Records – identify the amount assets have decreased in value due to their age and use  Inventory Records - identify the type and quantity of resources and products on hand along with the current value of each Types of Records

4  Records of Accounts – identify all purchases and sales made using credit  Cash Records – list all cash received and spent by the business  Payroll Records – contain information on all employees of the company, their compensation, and benefits  Tax Records – show all taxes collected, owed and paid Types of Records

5  The three most important elements of a company’s financial strength are:  Assets – what a company owns  Liabilities - what a company owes  Owner’s Equity – is the value of the owner’s investment in the business  Financial Statement – report that sums up the financial performance of a business  Balance Sheet – reports a company’s assets, liabilities and owner’s equity Financial Statements

6 Balance Sheet

7  Three other key financial elements for a business are the amount of:  Sales  Expenses  Profits  All are reported on the company’s Income Statement Income Statement


9  Shows the total sales and revenue over a period of time, normally quarterly, to determine if their was a profit or loss in sales Profit and Loss Statement

10 1.How has the process of maintaining financial records been affected by technology? 2.What is the difference between a balance sheet and an income statement? Review

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