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Managing Occupational Road Risk in the UK Bringing risk on the road into mainstream health and safety Presented by: Roger Bibbings Occupational Safety.

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Presentation on theme: "Managing Occupational Road Risk in the UK Bringing risk on the road into mainstream health and safety Presented by: Roger Bibbings Occupational Safety."— Presentation transcript:

1 Managing Occupational Road Risk in the UK Bringing risk on the road into mainstream health and safety Presented by: Roger Bibbings Occupational Safety Adviser THE ROYAL SOCIETY FOR THE PREVENTION OF ACCIDENTS

2 RoSPA’s mission and vision “RoSPA’s mission is to save lives and reduce injuries” “To lead the way on accident prevention” Exercising leadership on key policy issues Managing Occupational Road Risk (MORR) (since 1997) OBJECTIVE: To ensure that the risks which people face (and which they create for others) while on the road as part of their job are managed by employers within the framework which they should already have in place for managing other aspects of health and safety at work

3 Cutting road carnage?

4 Road casualties G.B. KILLEDSERIOUSLY INJURED 1981/85 average 5,598 74,534 1994/98 average 3,578 44,078 2007 2,943 30,720 Percentage reduction 47 58 Notes: Approx 40 per cent increase in traffic volume

5 International comparisons (selected countries 2006) CountryRoad deaths per 100,000 population Netherlands4.5 Sweden4.9 United Kingdom5.4 Australia7.8 Belgium10.2 Hungary13.0 Poland13.8 USA14.3 Lithuania22.3

6 MORR: UK’s biggest occupational safety issue nIncreasing road mobility in a service based economy n500-800 worker deaths p.a. c.f. 241 RIDDOR fatalities n25mpy riskier than deep sea fishing! nH&S and RT law both apply! nAction to be focused on management not just drivers nContributing to 2010 DfT targets nBalancing promotion/enforcement nReaching SMEs?

7 Who is at risk? NOT JUST nCommercial vehicle drivers nBus and coach drivers nTaxi drivers nMotorcycle couriers nDot com delivery drivers nPizza delivery riders BUT nSales staff/service engineers nSocial workers nEmergency services nLocal authority staff nVoluntary workers nPolice nGovernment officials nTeachers nVehicle recovery staff nHealth workers nPostal workers nFund raisers nAt-work pedestrians nAnyone on the road as part of their job!!!!

8 Causes of road crashes? IMMEDIATE: ninappropriate speed ninattention nfalling asleep ntravelling too close ndrink/drugs nadverse weather nvehicle defects nhighway conditions UNDERLYING: npressure/attitudes ndistractions ninadequate sleep ncongestion nstress npoor journey planning npoor maintenance npoor routeing

9 Employer impact on crash risk Exacerbate nToo far nToo fast (incentives to speed etc) nUnsafe routes/conditions nUnsafe vehicles nStressed, tired, untrained drivers nPoor work/life balance nMobiles nPoor H&S culture Ameliorate nReducing exposure nClear policy on speed nJourney planning nSafer vehicles nDriver assessment and training nAction to combat fatigue n‘No mobile while mobile’ nClear MORR policies nLeadership by example

10 Risk perception?

11 Problem equivalent to...

12 Three reasons for action 1.Ethics: (Corporate Social Responsibility) 2.Legal compliance (H&SW Act, RT law, CM, civil claims etc) 3.The ‘business case’ (cost reduction, efficiencies, reputational risk, culture building)

13 Some campaign milestones  1996/7: RoSPA seminars (Esso/EEF)  1998: Stoke Court ‘Declaration’/ RoSPA Guidance  1999: input to DfT’s ‘Tomorrow’s Roads’  2000/2001: WRRSTG (Dykes report)  2002: Occupational Road Safety Alliance  2003: HSE/DfT guidance INDG382/RoSPA guidance 2 nd edition  2004: W&P Select Committee report on HSC/E  2005 DfT Motorist’s Forum report  2007 DfT DFBB Champions programme  2008 Corporate Manslaughter, H&S Offences Bill?

14 HSE/DfT guidance ‘Driving at Work’ - Sept ‘03 (Accessible at Confirms that H&S law does apply on the road Suggests approaches to risk assessment Suggests control measures/performance review Signposts further information Highlights the ‘business case’ for action

15 BUT says HSE … “…. HSC’s enforcement policy statement recognises the need to prioritise investigation and enforcement action. Current priorities, as set out in HSC’s strategic plan, do not include work-related road safety ….”

16 Threats to the business nHidden accident costs nLost business opportunities nLost staff time nHigher fleet premia nLoss of morale nThreat to corporate reputation nNotices and/or prosecutions nCommon law claims nProsecution(corporate manslaughter?)

17 So what are businesses doing? nMOST VERY LITTLE !!!! but some…. ndriver handbooks nlicence checking ndriver feed back schemes (e.g. Well driven?’) nnegative penalties ncrash data analysis ndriver assessment and nDRIVER TRAINING…

18 Yes, OK BUT…. managing occupational road risk is not driver training….

19 Managing occupational road risk means… developing a risk management approach, i.e. putting in place the policies, people, procedures to ‘work the problem’ !!

20 Embedding MORR in the HSG65 framework A1. define RS policy objectives U 2. organise and train for MORR D 3. plan and implement controls I 4. measure performance T 5. review and feedback

21 Using risk assessment… To help managers and/or drivers understand:- n1. ‘How, when, who, how bad etc?’ n2. Whether existing controls adequate or more needed? n3. Which risks to tackle first?

22 Some key risk factors nJourney task (speed? fatigue? routeing? distance? timing?distractions, weather? night/day?) nVehicle (fit for purpose? properly maintained? additional safety features?) nDriver (age/experience? crashes/points? attitudes? competence? fitness? eyesight? stress? sleep quality?)

23 Suitable assessment? Three levels: 1.Generic 2.Specific 3.Dynamic Review risk enhancing features of: njourney tasks nvehicles ndrivers

24 Preferred approaches to risk control 1. eliminate 2. reduce 3. isolate 4. control 5. adapt nmeeting without moving nchange/mix mode nreduce journeys/mileage nreduce hours/distances noptimise schedules nplan ‘safer’ routes navoid adverse conditions nspecify ‘safer’ vehicles nensure maintenance nassess driver fitness nreduce distractions nalcohol/drugs policies nassess driver competence nprioritised driver training

25 Supported by… nTraining for line-managers nInformation, guidance and supervision for drivers nPerformance targets/timescales (individual, department, corporate) nMonitoring (from licence/vehicle checks to ‘black boxes’ to ‘well driven?’) nReporting/investigating crashes/near-hits nEmergency procedures/personal safety nAwards/incentives? etc. nGOOD COMMUNICATIONS

26 In-house policies needed for… nSpeed (all staff to comply with limits) nFatigue (preparation for driving, mileage limits, rest periods, caff/napping etc) nNight/adverse weather driving (avoidance) nVehicle selection/maintenance (fit for person/purpose etc) nOwn vehicle use (minimum conditions) nDriver fitness (stress, ill health, eye sight) nDrugs/alcohol (including non-prescription medicines) nMobile phones etc etc (‘no mobile when mobile!’) nDriver competence (higher grades for higher risk drivers?)

27 Director leadership

28 Workforce involvement

29 Data, data, data… Fleet profile: nVehicles (by type) nDrivers (status, age, gender, experience, enforcement, training etc) nJourneys/miles nAccidents/incidents nSeverities nCauses nCosts (insured/uninsured) Accidents/incidents: nReference nClaim? (claim no) nIncident date/time nVehicle type/reg no nDriver (name/gender/age) nLocation nCollision type nBlameworthy? nCosts

30 Three key steps 1) Where are we now? Vehicles, drivers, miles, crashes, causes, costs? Management system (policy, organisation, planning, monitoring, review)? 2) Set up a joint team (H&S, HR, Fleet, Safety Reps etc) develop ‘management system’, Seek external partners 3) Develop an ‘action plan’ to: assess risks, prioritise interventions set standards, targets, timescales etc implement monitor, review and feed back lessons learned

31 MORR UK: where next? nSpecific regs/ACoP? RIDDOR reportable? nHSE inspector role? nHSW Act powers for police? nExemplary enforcement? nBetter guidance/tools/services (for small firms)? nCoverage in management training/auditing? nStronger links to environment? nBusiness-to-business learning/benchmarking? nResearch? nA new management standard?

32 Who can help? Employer/trade associations Trades unions Local authorities Police Safety campaigners Motoring organisations Insurers Professional bodies Vehicle leasing companies Trade Journals TV/radio/newspapers Driver training providers GOVERNMENT!

33 Some useful UK websites

34 Challenge everyone to …

35 Thank you Roger Bibbings Occupational Safety Adviser Royal Society for the Prevention of accidents RoSPA House, Edgbaston Park 353, Bristol Road Birmingham B5 7ST UNITED KINGDOM Email 00 44 (0) 121 248 2095

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