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USMC ENHANCED COMPANY OPERATIONS (ECO) Analytical Support to the Emerging Concept of Operations Michael P. Bailey Technical Director Operations Analysis.

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Presentation on theme: "USMC ENHANCED COMPANY OPERATIONS (ECO) Analytical Support to the Emerging Concept of Operations Michael P. Bailey Technical Director Operations Analysis."— Presentation transcript:

1 USMC ENHANCED COMPANY OPERATIONS (ECO) Analytical Support to the Emerging Concept of Operations Michael P. Bailey Technical Director Operations Analysis Division, USMC Quantico, VA

2 USMC ENHANCED COMPANY OPERATIONS (ECO) Analytical Support to the Emerging Concept of Operations Michael P. Bailey Beast, Knob, (Fresh)Meat, Rat, Peeper, Grasshopper, Sunshine, FNG, Pup, Rookie, Nube, Greenbean, Sprout, Awake

3 OUTLINE Explaining ECO ECO Scenario Ongoing and Recent Studies

4 Enhanced Company Operations “An approach to the operational art that maximizes the tactical flexibility offered by true decentralized mission accomplishment, consistent with commander’s intent and facilitated by improved command and control, intelligence, logistics, and fires capabilities.” - A Concept for Enhanced Company Operations CMC: 28 Aug 2008

5 POWER TO THE EDGE Enhanced Company Operations CLOC: Company-level Operations Cell CLIC: Company-level Intelligence Cell Scout Section Controllers of Indirect Fires (Air, Surface-to-Surface, Naval) In order to… distribute forces safely, re-aggregate to reinforce increase the area of responsibility of the Rifle Company increase the mi 2 /Marine

6 1st Platoon2d Platoon3d Platoon Weapons Platoon HQ Section Assault Section MG Section Mortar Section Rifle Company Table of Organization

7 1st Platoon 2d Platoon3d Platoon Weapons Platoon HQ Section Scout Section MG Section Mortar Section Enhanced Rifle Company

8 1st Platoon 2d Platoon3d Platoon Weapons Platoon HQ Section Scout Section MG Section Mortar Section Enhanced Rifle Company

9 COUNTRY A COUNTRY B 0 25miles FAKEWATER SEA GULF OF NOTREALLY SCENARIO: ROAD TO CRISIS Country B is a cruel dictatorship –portion of Country B’s military splits off (insurgents) –occupies RedZone –declares separate state –Country B attacks with 2 x BN –NW A-sters are sympathetic to the insurgency –Country A’s govt wants the insurgents routed, reestablished governance of RedZone Country A convinces USA to Send in the Marines RedZone ESG: LHA, LPD, LSD, CG, DDG, SSN, MEU(SOC)

10 BLT 1/1 (Rein) infantry company artillery battery truck det. engineer det. recon det. tanks amphibians 12 x CH-46 4 x CH-53 4 x AH-1W 3 x UH-1N 6 x AV-8B 2 x KC-130 on tether MEU(SOC) ACE Seabased

11 (-) 0-10,000 10,000-25,000 25,000-50,000 50,000 or greater To the Seabase 75nmi MEU(SOC) Mission Phases 1.Ship-to-Objective Maneuver Air Surface (limited) 2.Clear in zones to press enemy forces across the border 3.Stabilize Border Region Close Border Establish ISR Zones Provide Security Enable Locals Protect the Refugee Camps IO Campaign Population Centers

12 INSURGENT ELEMENTS IN COUNTRY A ORGANIZATION Operates in 4-5 man teams, capable of operating up to Platoon (50 pers). Can mass a single Co. ( pers) EQUIPMENT C4I capacity –VHF squad radios –Cell Phone primary comms (reliable) –Landline alternate comms (unreliable) –Commercial Satellite Internet –COTS encryption

13 w ? ? ? w w ? ? ? MA SS ? CURRENT EN SIT OVERLAY w Known Insurgent Vehicle Established Roadblock Recruitment (Willing) Mortar Engagement Light Air Defense Weapon MASS Mass Demonstration

14 Studying ECO from various angles…

15 Marine Advanced Unit, Infantry (MAUI) Can we calibrate a simulation for effectiveness of squad-sized forces in urban environment, across a variety of circumstances? Can we make statements about simple but effective rules about distributing/aggregating? Quantify the value of the ECO Enhancements? Simulation challenging, partially successful Human performance being calibrated with live experiments Partners: USArmy, USNavy, Old Dominion University BackgroundQuestion(s) Status Establish baseline simulation capability for small unit operations in urban environments Model using IWARS (USArmy, Natick Soldier System Center) –McKenna terrain box –small arms’ effects –human performance –agent-based logic

16 Tactical Mobility for Smaller Scale MAGTF Operations in the Future SSMAGTF Area of Effectiveness Communications SSMAGTF Area of Effectiveness Sea Base? Threat/End State Use TRANSCOM? MAGTF RBE BackgroundQuestion(s) Status ECO CONOPS being developed in an environment of flux in tactical vehicle Programs –MRAP –Armoring –Joint Light Tactical Vehicle (JLTV) –Internally Transported Vehicle (MV-22) What are the performance-driving characteristics for various tactical vehicle alternatives for ECO? What are the impacts on –strategic mobility? –amphibious operations? –general purpose forces? Ongoing meta-analysis Options being tested in Afghanistan JLTV AoA (USArmy lead)

17 Unmanned Ground Vehicles (UGV’s) Given: That the Squad as a System is the correct way to think about acquisition decisions for infantry equipment Squad Lethality Squad Mobility Squad Comms Squad Sustainability Squad Survivability ? BackgroundQuestion(s) Status What is a reasonable role for UGV’s in supporting distributed small units? What are important breakpoints in range, capacity, speed? Developing ECO planning factors for supply and support Network simulation Live experimentation Branching into Cargo Unmanned Aerial System (Cargo UAS) DARPA and USMC science and technology projects developing unmanned ground vehicles Unmanned Challenge I, II, III Marine Expeditionary Rifle Squad (MERS): Squad as a System

18 Future Squad Power Needs BackgroundQuestion(s) Status What is the projected future demand for power in a squad under ECO? Quantify the benefits of standardization of powerpacks? Can equipment density be a burden? Power requirements are elusive Density question requires simulation with human performance, long scenario duration Power questions co-mingle with supply requirements questions Growth of battery-powered devices in current operation Enhanced units add target location and designation, more comm, cameras, other intel and recon devices

19 Air Cargo Delivery in Support of ECO BackgroundQuestion(s) Status Joint Precision Air Delivery System (JPADS) Not-so-precise air delivery Helicopter-based resupply Trucks in convoys What are requirements for air delivery in an ECO scenario? –capacity –frequency –precision Merging with other logistical support questions Precision delivery key enabler in Afghanistan

20 C4ISR Modeling and Analysis Background Satellite Tool Kit provides ability to integrate and visualize operational plans in 3D Robust ability to model and analyze C4ISR capabilities OAD providing analytic support to MEB for current ops planning What are the ISR coverage gaps? How will terrain effect comm links? What joint ISR assets should we request to support current ops? Question(s) Study started Feb 09 OAD currently provided pre-deployment analysis to MEB Deployed STK-trained analyst with reach-back support Status

21 Anti-Armor System Mix Study Background USMC transitioning to Predator anti- armor weapon Current operations – AA weapons used for other purposes What are the overall anti-armor requirements for an Enhanced Company? How often is the true anti-armor capability required? Quantify effectiveness of mixes Force structure and weapons systems in the MAGTF based in the 2025 timeframe. Question(s) Using static capability assessment Just underway Status

22 SUPPLIMENTAL INFORMATION

23 Summary of Changes : Weapons Platoon –Assault Section Leader billet is lost Assault section personnel and weapons placed under Rifle Platoons –Scout Section formed under Weapons Platoon 13 total personnel Weapons Platoon Sergeant Billet (0369/GySgt) becomes the Scout Section Leader billet –Scout Section Leader formally trained and certified to serve as a Joint Tactical Air Controller (JTAC) –Machine Gun Section is reduced to 4 guns / 2 squads – teams are changed from 3 to 4 Marines (squads from 7 to 9 Marines) Weapons Platoon Overview


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