Presentation on theme: "Operations Analysis Division, USMC"— Presentation transcript:
1 Operations Analysis Division, USMC USMC ENHANCED COMPANY OPERATIONS (ECO) Analytical Support to the Emerging Concept of OperationsMichael P. BaileyTechnical DirectorOperations Analysis Division, USMCQuantico, VA
2 USMC ENHANCED COMPANY OPERATIONS (ECO) Analytical Support to the Emerging Concept of Operations Michael P. BaileyBeast, Knob, (Fresh)Meat, Rat, Peeper, Grasshopper, Sunshine, FNG, Pup, Rookie, Nube, Greenbean, Sprout, Awake
3 OUTLINEExplaining ECOECO ScenarioOngoing and Recent Studies
4 Enhanced Company Operations “An approach to the operational art that maximizes the tactical flexibility offered by true decentralized mission accomplishment, consistent with commander’s intent and facilitated by improved command and control, intelligence, logistics, and fires capabilities.”- A Concept for Enhanced Company OperationsCMC: 28 Aug 2008Sometimes the most difficult thing we have to do in this business is recognize that success today is not necessarily a recipe for success tomorrow. Marines have done extraordinarily well in OIF and OEF.But, if we are entirely honest, I think you’d agree that sometimes it’s as much in spite of the “system” as it is because of it.ECO recognizes an operational imperative and, frankly, is beginning to tell us that many aspects of DOTMLPF need serious scrutiny. Doctrine is dated; the T/O and T/E of the company might be, as well – maybe the same is true for the battalionFMFM 6-4 shows a platoon frontage of 450m. Platoons today cover what three Marine Divisions did on Iwo Jima – or even what battalions did in OIF 1. Can we really expect a commander who has no staff to coordinate battlefield functions over an AO the size of a small state?It is incumbent on the Combat Development Process to recognize and turn quickly on emerging operational imperatives – and in so doing, drive changes to Doctrine, Organization etc. necessary to support them.Enhanced Company Operations is already doing that – and will continue to do so for a couple of more years.
5 POWER TO THE EDGE Enhanced Company Operations CLOC: Company-level Operations CellCLIC: Company-level Intelligence CellScout SectionControllers of Indirect Fires (Air, Surface-to-Surface, Naval)In order to…distribute forces safely, re-aggregate to reinforceincrease the area of responsibility of the Rifle Companyincrease the mi2/Marine
6 Rifle Company Table of Organization 1st Platoon2d Platoon3d PlatoonThis is the parade ground view of a rifle company per 1013G.As mentioned earlier – solid organization, but very thin on the HQ side.If you had any rifle company in the operating forces actually assemble in this manner – they would look similar to this, but none would be exactly like this, even if they had every man they rate.The HQ section would average around a dozen Marines, maybe one or two platoons would have guides, and most squads would be less than 13Why = Pull Ups – Pull ups to the company, battalion, regiment, camp guard, FAPs, etc. The rifle company often ends up being the bill payer for insufficient T/Os at higher levels. Marines are not, usually, pulled up haphazardly – each one is a fight, but the fights are constant and more often than not lost – for the overall good of the larger unit as a whole.Mortar SectionMG SectionAssault SectionWeapons PlatoonHQ Section
7 Enhanced Rifle Company 1st Platoon2d Platoon3d PlatoonMortar SectionMG Section- This is the parade deck view of the model.Scout SectionWeapons PlatoonHQ Section
8 Enhanced Rifle Company 1st Platoon2d Platoon3d PlatoonMortar SectionMG Section- This is the parade deck view of the model.Scout SectionWeapons PlatoonHQ Section
9 SCENARIO: ROAD TO CRISIS Country B is a cruel dictatorshipportion of Country B’s military splits off (insurgents)occupies RedZonedeclares separate stateCountry B attacks with 2 x BNNW A-sters are sympathetic to the insurgencyCountry A’s govt wants the insurgents routed, reestablished governance of RedZoneCountry A convinces USA to Send in the MarinesRedZoneCOUNTRY BCOUNTRY AFAKEWATERSEAUS see particular value in a relationship with BunduriPort facilities for naval basing in Indian OceanMineral deposits for economic developmentEast African ally in GWOTUS has been training Bunduri Armed Forces (BAF) over last several yearsBAF has limited/antiquated equipment and poor trainingLimited capability to project forces and to protect bordersBAF heavily deployed to N to deal with Bunduri Liberation Front (Socialist Group)GULF OFNOTREALLY25milesESG: LHA, LPD, LSD, CG, DDG, SSN, MEU(SOC)
10 BLT 1/1 12 x CH-46 4 x CH-53 4 x AH-1W 3 x UH-1N 6 x AV-8B 2 x KC-130 on tetherMEU(SOC) ACESeabased(Rein)(Rein)artillery batterytruck det.tanksamphibiansengineer det.recon det.infantry company
11 MEU(SOC) Mission Phases Ship-to-Objective Maneuver To theSeabase75nmiMEU(SOC) Mission PhasesShip-to-Objective ManeuverAirSurface (limited)Clear in zones to press enemy forces across the borderStabilize Border RegionClose BorderEstablish ISR ZonesProvide SecurityEnable LocalsProtect the Refugee CampsIO Campaign(-)Population Centers50,000 or greater25,000-50,00010,000-25,0000-10,000
12 INSURGENT ELEMENTS IN COUNTRY A ORGANIZATIONOperates in 4-5 man teams, capable of operating up to Platoon (50 pers).Can mass a single Co. ( pers)EQUIPMENTC4I capacityVHF squad radiosCell Phone primary comms (reliable)Landline alternate comms (unreliable)Commercial Satellite InternetCOTS encryption
13 Known Insurgent Vehicle CURRENT EN SIT OVERLAY??Known Insurgent Vehicle?w?Established RoadblockwwRecruitment (Willing)Mortar Engagement?Light Air Defense Weapon?MASSMass DemonstrationMASS?
15 Marine Advanced Unit, Infantry (MAUI) BackgroundQuestion(s)Establish baseline simulation capability for small unit operations in urban environmentsModel using IWARS (USArmy, Natick Soldier System Center)McKenna terrain boxsmall arms’ effectshuman performanceagent-based logicCan we calibrate a simulation for effectiveness of squad-sized forces in urban environment, across a variety of circumstances?Can we make statements about simple but effective rules about distributing/aggregating?Quantify the value of the ECO Enhancements?StatusSimulation challenging, partially successfulHuman performance being calibrated with live experimentsPartners: USArmy, USNavy, Old Dominion University
16 Tactical Mobility for Smaller Scale MAGTF Operations in the Future BackgroundQuestion(s)ECO CONOPS being developed in an environment of flux in tactical vehicle ProgramsMRAPArmoringJoint Light Tactical Vehicle (JLTV)Internally Transported Vehicle (MV-22)What are the performance-driving characteristics for various tactical vehicle alternatives for ECO?What are the impacts onstrategic mobility?amphibious operations?general purpose forces?StatusOngoing meta-analysisOptions being tested in AfghanistanJLTV AoA (USArmy lead)MAGTF RBEThreat/End StateSea Base?SSMAGTF Areaof EffectivenessCommunicationsUse TRANSCOM?SSMAGTF Areaof Effectiveness
17 Unmanned Ground Vehicles (UGV’s) BackgroundQuestion(s)DARPA and USMC science and technology projects developing unmanned ground vehiclesUnmanned Challenge I, II, IIIMarine Expeditionary Rifle Squad (MERS): Squad as a SystemWhat is a reasonable role for UGV’s in supporting distributed small units?What are important breakpoints in range, capacity, speed?StatusSquad SustainabilityDeveloping ECO planning factors for supply and supportNetwork simulationLive experimentationBranching into Cargo Unmanned Aerial System (Cargo UAS)Squad CommsSquad SurvivabilitySquad MobilitySquad Lethality?Given: That the Squad as a Systemis the correct way to think about acquisitiondecisions for infantry equipment
18 Future Squad Power Needs BackgroundQuestion(s)Growth of battery-powered devices in current operationEnhanced units add target location and designation, more comm, cameras, other intel and recon devicesWhat is the projected future demand for power in a squad under ECO?Quantify the benefits of standardization of powerpacks?Can equipment density be a burden?StatusPower requirements are elusiveDensity question requires simulation with human performance, long scenario durationPower questions co-mingle with supply requirements questions
19 Air Cargo Delivery in Support of ECO BackgroundQuestion(s)Joint Precision Air Delivery System (JPADS)Not-so-precise air deliveryHelicopter-based resupplyTrucks in convoysWhat are requirements for air delivery in an ECO scenario?capacityfrequencyprecisionStatusMerging with other logistical support questionsPrecision delivery key enabler in Afghanistan
20 C4ISR Modeling and Analysis BackgroundQuestion(s)Satellite Tool Kit provides ability to integrate and visualize operational plans in 3DRobust ability to model and analyze C4ISR capabilitiesOAD providing analytic support to MEB for current ops planningWhat are the ISR coverage gaps?How will terrain effect comm links?What joint ISR assets should we request to support current ops?StatusStudy started Feb 09OAD currently provided pre-deployment analysis to MEBDeployed STK-trained analyst with reach-back support
21 Anti-Armor System Mix Study BackgroundQuestion(s)USMC transitioning to Predator anti-armor weaponCurrent operations – AA weapons used for other purposesWhat are the overall anti-armor requirements for an Enhanced Company?How often is the true anti-armor capability required?Quantify effectiveness of mixesForce structure and weapons systems in the MAGTF based in the 2025 timeframe.StatusUsing static capability assessmentJust underway
23 Weapons Platoon Overview Summary of Changes :Weapons PlatoonAssault Section Leader billet is lostAssault section personnel and weapons placed under Rifle PlatoonsScout Section formed under Weapons Platoon13 total personnelWeapons Platoon Sergeant Billet (0369/GySgt) becomes the Scout Section Leader billetScout Section Leader formally trained and certified to serve as a Joint Tactical Air Controller (JTAC)Machine Gun Section is reduced to 4 guns / 2 squads – teams are changed from 3 to 4 Marines (squads from 7 to 9 Marines)Weapons Platoon changes considerably.GS MG section from 22 to 19 but total number of 0331s in the unit increases from 21 to 36
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