Presentation on theme: "Case Studies in Structured Finance The John M Case Leveraged Buy-Out"— Presentation transcript:
1Case Studies in Structured Finance The John M Case Leveraged Buy-Out Ian GiddyAugust 2000
2QUESTIONS :What are the most important operating and financial characteristics of the Case Company ?2. Is the company worth Mr Case's $20 million asking price ?3. Can the $20 million purchase be financed so that management can retain at least 51% ownership ? What sources should management tap ? In what amounts? Is the return being sought by the venture capital reasonable ?
3QUESTIONS cont.4. How compelling a buyout opportunity is this proposition for the four managers ?5. Would you, as a commercial banking lender, provide the loan needed to finance the seasonal buildup in accounts receivable and inventory ? On what terms ?6. Would you, as the venture capital firm, provide the balance of the funds needed ? If so, on what terms ?
4POSITIVES : The company has a stable product The company enjoys good profit marginsThere are important barriers to competitor entryThe business is not too asset-intensiveThe four key managers know the business well
5NEGATIVES : Sales growth is probably quite limited This low-tech product has not patent protectionEven if outsiders find it difficult to penetrate the market, that may not apply to vendors already in the industry, most particularly, the Watts Company
6Simplified Balance Sheet for a restructured J. M Simplified Balance Sheet for a restructured J.M.Case Company Assets LiabilitiesCash$5762Current Liab$1266Other current3236Bank loan6000Fixed & other2184Case loan4000Good will10084Plug figure9500Managers’ equity500Total21,266
7FEASIBILITY OF THE PRICE : Book Value BasisStock Market Valuation BasisComparable Company ValueDiscounted Cash Flow Basis
8Book Value Basis :Asking price : twice the value of the company’s equityWhy would anyone pay this ?If the profitability of the company justifies it- in this case, it appears to – ROE around 20 % or $ 2 million in 1984
9Stock Market Valuation If a company is publicly traded, the valuation accorded its outstanding market shares can be a starting point for valuationIn this case, the company is not publicly traded, so no opportunity is available here
10Comparable Company Value Common practice to compare its value with those accorded to publicly traded companies in a similar businessAfter comparisons made, it is seen that the Case asking price is in line with the market value of a publicly traded competitor
11FINANCING SOURCES : Bank Loan Loan from Mr Case Venture Capitalists' Investment
12KEY TO SUCCESSSome of the most important factors in the success of such an LBO are :Enthusiasm and experience of the incumbent managers in an already well-operated business