7Types of IronyVerbal irony is when a speaker says one thing but means another, or when a literal meaning is opposite its intended effect. An example of this is sarcasm.Dramatic irony is when words and actions possess a significance that the audience understands, but the character does not.Situational irony is when the result of an action is opposed to the expected effect.
8Examples of Verbal Irony It’s as clear as mud!That’s about as funny as a toothache.“I’m not angry at all!” she exclaimed as smoke poured from her ears.
9Examples of Dramatic Irony In Cyrano de Bergerac, the reader knows that Cyrano loves Roxane and that he is the real author of the letters that Christian is writing to the young woman; Roxane is unaware of this.In Cask of Amontillado, the reader knows something bad is going to happen to Fortunato; Fortunato is oblivious.
10An Example of Situational Irony The Wonderful Wizard of Oz is a story whose plot revolves around irony. Dorothy travels to a wizard and fulfills her challenging demands to go home, before discovering she had the ability to go back home all the time. The Scarecrow longs for intelligence, only to discover he is already a genius, and the Tin Man longs to be capable of love, only to discover he already has a heart. The Lion, who at first appears to be a whimpering coward, turns out to be bold and fearless. The people in Emerald City believe the Wizard to have been a powerful god, only to discover he was a eccentric old man.
13Irony in Real Life Make Safe Toys In 1974 the US Consumer Product Safety Commission had to recall 80,000 of its own lapel buttons promoting "toy safety", because the buttons had sharp edges, used lead paint, and had small clips that could be broken off and swallowed.Jim Fixx, who popularized jogging as a form of healthy exercise in his 1977 book, The Complete Book of Running, died at the age of 52 of a heart attack (a death associated with sedentary, unhealthy lifestyles) while out jogging.