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By: Karen Wang * Population: Over 200,000 people*.

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1 By: Karen Wang * Population: Over 200,000 people*

2 The Babylonian Empire was located beside the Euphrates river, west of Sumeria and south of Assyria.

3 As the Assyrian Empire started falling apart, people saw their chance to become independent and grabbed it. But then in the 600 BC the Babylonian empire started up and conquered the parts that had broke free, and reformed a new empire. The civilization, from 3200BC- 539BC, thrived until the Persians conquered the Babylonians and ended the Babylonian independence and also the history of the ancient Mesopotamian empires. I’m the Empire State Building!

4 Gods * Marduk * Apsu * Ea * Enlil * Ishtar * Shamash * Sin What They Ruled * king of all Gods * God of underworld ocean * God of waters, wisdom and art * God of sky and earth * Goddess of morning light and night star, Goddess of love and war * sun God, God of truth and justice * Moon God

5 Babylonians believed in powerful immortal Gods, each who ruled a different aspect of the world. Everyday sacrifices of food, drink, or incense were offered to the gods. Babylonians poured a lot of wealth into temple sacrifices, and felt that the priests could read the future in the wind, storms, and the stars. They also did large trade in the sale of charms, and magical formulas for driving off spirits that caused disease. They believed in goodness and truth, law and order, justice and freedom, wisdom and learning, and courage and loyalty.

6 Most people, including the king were illiterate, so they were heavily dependent on scribes to interpret their commands and reports. Only the ones that successfully passed the test were allowed to become a scribe, so ordinary citizens were not allowed to say that a scribe’s translate was wrong.

7 Music Music was used as an accompany to telling a story, of chanting a verse, but rarely on its own. It was used not only for religious ceremonies, but entertainment as well. There were several different types of instruments, such as the reed flute, the lyre, the drum, the trumpet, and the harp. Arts They wove tapestries and rugs, and fashioned with gold, silver, and copper goods, cut gems and manufactured textiles. They told myths about Gods and legends and stories of many types. Some stories had morals, while others were simply made up. There was one story that was about the myth of creation, which tells how the world was made.

8 Daily Life The Babylonians were skilled in metallurgy, making fabrics, cosmetics, and perfumes. Rights The citizens had rights, both men and women, before the law and even debt slaves had rights, too. The King may have been in charge of the government, but he could not control what citizens did in their daily life. They also practiced surgery! Clothes were made from woven fabric, and shoes, sandals and clothes were made from leather. Many fabrics were brightly colored with natural dyes. School Children would be sent to school at the ages of 8 to 9 years old. They would get up at sunrise and go to the “tablet house” known as the school house. They would copy tablets using a slab of wet clay. Also, they would learn texts by heart. If they successfully passed a test, the student would become a scribe. (Both boys and girls were accepted).

9 The Babylonians traded with other civilizations because they did not have many natural recourses. They traded basic goods and luxury items, and sometimes the goods were exchanged. They traded food for materials like copper, gold, and wood, which they would use to manufacture weapons, household items, jewelry, and other items that could be traded.

10 The King ruled most of the city, but the citizens also had their rights. The King ruled through a number of officials who were directly responsible to him but he could interrupt personally at any government and administration. Still he had to: respect custom and tradition, private property, the sense of nobles,(no saying you’re stupid), religion and divination. He was the ultimate authority in all areas except religion. It would be nice to be the King!

11 http://karenw2011.edu.glogster.com/goverment http://karenw2011.edu.glogster.com/goverment -Preview

12 Little is known about the Babylonian military! Chariots came often into use in battle. They made extensive use of cavalry, especially mounted bowmen. Foot troops probably used iron weapons and wore iron helmets and some chain mail armor. They also had this ally called the Medes! They had suggested that they master the Assyrian techniques for storming cities.

13 Buildings and walls were constructed out mud bricks, first sunbaked, and then baked in fire. Temples were decorated with bright colors and real and fantasy animals were carved in. Houses: An average house would be one story, mud brick structure, and several rooms around a court. A well-to-do house would have two stories, brick dwelling, about a dozen rooms, and was plastered and whitewashed inside and outside. Below the house was often located a mausoleum in which the family dead were buried. Babylonians believed that the souls of the dead traveled to neither world, and, that, at least to some extent, life continued there as on Earth. Ziggurats were huge “stepped “ structures, far above ground, with a temple. Ziggurats were built to reach heavens. This was also because so the gods could be worshipped. *The Hanging Gardens of Babylon is one of the Seven Wonders of the World*

14 The Babylonians were very skilled in mathematics. Click the link below to learn more. http://karenw2011.edu.glogster.com/math/

15 Medical treatments were practiced by two kinds of experts: physician and exorcist. Both would be needed at a sick bed. A whole set of texts in which multiple symptoms were listed and treatment given. Surgery was known and even operations on the eye were performed. They had a excellent knowledge of human and animal anatomy and physiology. Like the circulation of blood and pulse.

16 http://karenw2011.edu.glogster.com/special-events/

17 Thank you for watching!

18 * THE BIG MYTHS – the myths; Distant Train 2002; http://www.mythicjourneys.org/bigmyths/english/eng_babylon ian_culture.htm http://www.mythicjourneys.org/bigmyths/english/eng_babylon ian_culture.htm * Ancient Civilization-Babylonians; 2002 Web Authoring- Brandon,Cory; http://techcenter.davidson.K12.nc.us/fall026/babylonians.htm http://techcenter.davidson.K12.nc.us/fall026/babylonians.htm * Ancient Civilizations; Trustees of the British Museum 2004; http://www.ancientcivilizations.co.wk/ http://www.ancientcivilizations.co.wk/ * Angelfire ; http://www.angelfire.com/empire2/unkemptgoose/Babylonian. htm/ http://www.angelfire.com/empire2/unkemptgoose/Babylonian. htm/ * Ancient Babylonia; 2001-2001 Bible History Online ; http://www.bible- history.com/babylonian/BabyloniaSchools.htm http://www.bible- history.com/babylonian/BabyloniaSchools.htm THIS IS THE MAIN ONE!


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