Presentation on theme: "My Comparison of Mesopotamia and Ancient Egypt By: Brianna Odegaard Ancient Egypt."— Presentation transcript:
My Comparison of Mesopotamia and Ancient Egypt By: Brianna Odegaard Ancient Egypt.
Geography of Mesopotamia Geographical Features: *The Tigris River. *The Euphrates River. *The Syrian Desert. How these geographic features affected life: *The rivers of Mesopotamia made it possible to farm. When they flooded the rivers drew silt, a fertile soil, onto the land so it was possible to farm. The rivers also made it possible to irrigate the crops.
Geography of Ancient Egypt Geographical Features: *The Nile River. *The Mediterranean Sea. *The Western Desert. *The Taurus Mountains. How these geographical features affected life: *The Nile River made it possible to farm, travel, and trade. Egypt is nicknamed “The Gift of the Nile”. The Western desert protected Ancient Egypt from invaders. The Taurus Mountains also blocked invaders from coming into Ancient Egypt. Click here to read more about the geography of Egypthere
Mesopotamia's Government The Form of Government: *Mesopotamia was a theocracy. Theocracy is a form of government in which god is recognized as the supreme civil ruler and in which religious authorities rule the state as god’s representatives. Who is in charge? *Kings are in charge. How is powered shared? *The king shared power with the Government Officials and Priests. Examples of Rulers *King Hammurabi is a Babylonian ruler who is famous for writing the Code of Hammurabi, the first set of written laws. King Hammurabi.
Government of Ancient Egypt *Egypt is also a theocracy. Theocracy is a government in which god is recognized as the supreme civil ruler and in which religious authorities rule the state as gods representatives. Who is in Charge? *Pharaohs are in charge. How is powered shared? *Powered is shared with Priest and Government Officials. Example of Pharaohs: *Khufu is famous for building the Great Pyramid of Giza. *Hatshepsut is famous for being the first girl pharaoh. *Ramesses The Great is famous for building many palaces and temples throughout Egypt. Pharaoh Khufu
Mesopotamia’s Religion Beliefs: *They believed the God lived at the top of the Ziggurat. *They also believed in Polytheism. This is where you believe in many gods. *They also believed the King was a God. Traditions: *They worshiped many gods. *The Priest performed Religious Ceremonies. *They played music to please the gods. Gods: *Enki- the god of wisdom *Enlil- the lord of air *Utus- the sun god *Nanna- the moon god Ziggurat.
Ancient Egypt's Religion Beliefs: *They believed in After Life. *They also believed in Polytheism. *They also believed in a Ka. Traditions: *They buried Pharaohs with items such as furniture and food for the after life. *They also built Pyramids to put Pharaohs in. *Another tradition is weighing a dead persons heart to see if they were allowed into the after life. Gods: *Re or Amon the god of the sun. *Osiris the god of the underworld. *Isis the goddess of magic. An Ancient Pyramid. Click here to explore gods.here
References *World History Ancient Civilizations Throughout the Renaissance by Stanley M. Burstein and Richard Shek. *History Alive by Bert Bower. *www.ancientegypt.co.uk *Mrs. Shumate.