3Obadiah Obadiah= “Servant of Yahweh” Possible Dates: 845 BC- the Days of Jehoram (2 Chron. 21:8-10, 16-17)586 BC- the Deportation of BabylonHistory of Edom:Descendants of Esau, Jacob’s twin brotherSibling Rivalry to National StruggleStrife between brothers (Gen. 25:22-26; Gen. 25:27-34; Gen. 27)National strife (Num. 20:14-21).
5Lessons from Obadiah Pride goes before destruction (Prov. 16:18) Do not rejoice when your enemy falls (Prov. 24:17-18)Do not mistreat your brethren (1 Cor. 8:12You reap what you sow (Gal. 6:7-8)
6Joel “Jehovah is God” Date: 830 BC- 400 BC ? Outline: The Judgment against Judah and the Day of the Lord (1:1-2:17)Locust invasion: forerunner of the day of the Lord (1:1-20)Army invasion: the arrival of the day of the Lord (2:1-17)The Mercy of the Lord and Judgment against the Nations (2:18-3:21)Mercy: The Lord responds by restoring his people (2:18-32)Judgment: The Lord’s judgment against the nations and his dwelling with his people (3:1-21)
9Lessons from joel The value of natural calamities The nature of true repentanceThe nature of GodGraciousMercifulThe Day of the Lord can be averted
10Jonah: Jonah: “Dove” Jonah is also mentioned in 2 Kings 14:23-25 Date: He prophesied during the reign of Jeroboam II (ca B.C.)Nineveh was the capital of AssyriaIt was located about 220 NNW of the present city of BaghdadThe Assyrians were noted for their cruelty, especially to prisoners
11Jonah: outline Jonah forsakes his mission (1:1-2:10) Jonah fulfills his mission (3:1-4:11)
12Jonah: outline I. "RUNNING AWAY FROM GOD" (1:1-17) 1. God commissions Jonah to preach in Nineveh - 1:1-22. Jonah rebels against God's plan - 1:33. God has a plan for Jonah - 1:4-17a. He sends "a great wind on the sea" - 1:4-16b. He prepares "a great fish" - 1:17 II. "RUNNING TO GOD" (2:1-10)1. Jonah's prayer - 2:1-92. Jonah's deliverance - 2:10
13Jonah: outlineIII. "RUNNING WITH GOD" (3:1-10) 1. The Lord again commissions Jonah to preach in Nineveh - 3: Jonah obeys and proclaims God's message - 3: The people of Nineveh are moved to repent, including the king - 3: The Lord takes notice, and relents of the disaster He had intended to bring - 3:10
14Jonah: outlineIV. "RUNNING AHEAD OF GOD" (4:1-11) 1. Jonah vents his anger - 4:1-4 a. Angry because he knew that God would relent - 4:1-2 b. So angry that he desires to die - 4: God uses a plant, a worm, and a hot east wind to teach Jonah - 4:5-11 a. A plant to provide shade for Jonah - 4:5-6 b. A worm to destroy the plant - 4:7 c. A vehement east wind that with the sun exhausts Jonah - 4:8 3. God uses the plant to teach Jonah an object lesson - 4:9-11 a. Jonah is angry about the plant - 4:9 b. Shouldn't he have similar pity on Nineveh? - 4:10-11
18Amos: Intro Date: Amos 1:1 “In the days of Uzziah ( B.C.) king of Judah and Jeroboam (II) the son of Joash (796 B.C.)“2 years before the earthquake”760, 755 BC?Who was Amos?A shepherd from Tekoa (1:1)Not a professional (7:14-15)Outline:A series of "oracles" concerning sin and judgment of eight nations (ch. 1-2)A series of "sermons" concerning the sin and judgment of Israel (ch. 3-6)A series of "visions" regarding the sin and judgment of Israel (ch. 7-9)
19“For three transgressions and for four” amos“For three transgressions and for four”
23Hosea: Intro Date: Hosea 1:1 In the Days of Uzziah, Jotham, Ahaz, and Hezekiah, kings of Judah; ( BC).In the days of Jeroboam II ( BC)Probably started late in Jeroboam and Uzziah’s reigns and ended early in Hezekiah’s reign.B.C. (Intro to the OT- 715 BC).Contemporaries:Amos- IsraelIsaiah and Micah- JudahWho Was Hosea?Son of Beeri (1:1)Possibly a preist?Husband of Gomer (1:3), Father of Jezreel (1:4), Lo-Ruhamah (1:6); Lo-Ammi (1:8-9); His basic message will be illustrated through his familyOutline:Object Lesson: Hosea’s Family (1:1–3:5)Hosea Spells Out His Parable with Accusations, Warnings, and Promises (4:1–14:9)
25Chps 1-3: Chiastic Structure Examples of chiastic structures are the A,B,C...C,B,A pattern or A, B, B1, A1 pattern.A. n 1:2-9 – Literal Marriage FrameworkHosea and Gomer: The Children of Literal HarlotryB. 1:10-2:1 – Spiritual Marriage: Future Redemption FrameYaweh and Israel: The Children of Spiritual Harlotry RestoredC. 2:2-13 – Spiritual Marriage: Present Infidelity and PunishmentYaweh and Israel: The Judgment of the Spiritual HarlotB-1. 2: – Spiritual Marriage: Future Redemption FrameYahweh and Israel: The Spiritual Harlot Herself RestoredA-1. 3:1-5 – Literal Marrriage FrameworkHoseah and Gomer: The Literal Harlot Redeemed
27“My People are destroyed for lack of knowledge” The Bible possesses the power of:A lack of knowledge has always destroyed the people of God- Hos. 4:6But the YOUNG can keep their ways pure by the Word of God- Ps. 119:9And the ELDERS were exhorted to keep the church by the Word- Acts 20:28-32The Bible possesses the power of “Salvation” and “Condemnation”Received properly, it can save our souls! - James 1:21It will be the standard by which we will be judged - John 12:48
28Suggestions for Bible study SET A REGULAR TIME!PRAY AS YOU STUDY!USE A “SPOTTER”UTILIZE VARIOUS HELPSREFERENCE WORKS AND BIBLESVINES DICTIONARYHOLMAN BIBLE DICTIONARYESV STUDY BIBLE (CROSSWAY)NASB STUDY BIBLE (ZONDERVAN)ONLINE TOOLSESWORD (FREE DOWNLOADABLE VERSION)BIBLEGATEWAY.COMEXECUTABLEOUTLINES.COM (MARK COPELAND- SUBJECTS STUDIES).
29Micah: intro “Micah”: means “who is like Yahweh” (7:18) Date: During the reign of these Judean kings; Jotham (750–735 b.c.), Ahaz (735–715), and Hezekiah (715–687).Around B.C.Outline:The coming judgment, with a promise of restoration - Mic 1: 1-2:13God's condemnation of Israel, with a glimpse of the future hope – Mic 3:1-5:15God's indictment of Israel, with a plea for repentance and promise of forgiveness – Mic 6:1-7:20Summary: Present judgment, future blessing
30DELIVERER FROM BETHLEHEM micahPRESENTJUDGMENTFUTUREBLESSINGDELIVERER FROM BETHLEHEM
39DELIVERER FROM BETHLEHEM micahPRESENTJUDGMENTFUTUREBLESSINGDELIVERER FROM BETHLEHEM
40Zephaniah: Intro“zephaniah”: means “Yahweh has hidden/protected” (2:3)Descendant of king Hezekiah? (1:1)Date:During the days of Josiah (good king of Judah)B.C.Prophesied to Judah alone, following the downfall of the northern kingdom IsraelContemporaries: Jeremiah, Nahum, HabakkukA good summary:1:1-2:3 Look within (examine sinful self and repent)2:4-3:7 Look around (consider punishment of nations- understand that punishment is coming)3:8-20 Look beyond (future blessing)Theme: Day of the Lord
41LOOK! WITHIN AROUND BEYOND Zephaniah: THE DAY OF THE LORD: JUDGMENT AGAINST THE WICKEDVINDICATION FOR THE RIGHTEOUS
42Nahum “Nahum” meant “comfort”/ “consolation.” Date: 664/3-612 B.C. During Zephaniah and JeremiahTheme: Destruction of Nineveh, Deliverance for Judah.