Presentation on theme: "Greek Gods and Goddesses"— Presentation transcript:
1 Greek Gods and Goddesses The 12 Olympians and their legends
2 Learning TargetStandard I can understand and analyze how ideas have impacted world history.Learning Target: I can explain how religion and mythology shaped life for people in Ancient Greece.
3 Ancient Greek Religion Greeks were PolytheisticPolytheism- belief in more than one god.Greeks believed the Olympians were real and could/did intervene in the lives of mortals.Gods could even marry/have children with mortals.Heracles (Hercules), Achilles, Perseus.
4 Uranus and Gaia Uranus- the Sky and the Heavens Gaia- the Earth Gave birth to the Titans
5 The Titans Ruled the universe before the Gods were born Rhea- “Mother of the Gods”Cronus- Leader of the Titans, brother and consort to Rhea
6 The First Olympians Children of Rhea and Cronus Cronus feared his children would one day overthrow him, so he ate themRhea hid away Zeus, replacing him with a boulder wrapped in swaddling clothes.Cronus ate the stone instead, Zeus overthrows the Titans and frees his siblings.
7 The Gods Lived atop Mount Olympus Immortal Ate Ambrosia and Nectar Helped keep the gods immortalHad the power to both help and hinder mortals.Ex: Hephaestus made armor for Achilles during the Trojan War.
8 Zeus King of the Gods, Lord of the Heavens Youngest of the original 6 Wielded lightning bolts as a weaponHad many lovers, fathered over 100 childrenAres, Hephaestus, Hermes, Aphrodite, Heracles, Perseus, etc.
10 Hades Brother of Zeus Lord of the Underworld The Underworld was where the souls of the dead went.Not an evil god, but rather a caretaker of the deceasedUnderworld guarded by his three-headed dog.
11 Poseidon Brother of Zeus Lord of the Ocean Poseidon vs. Athena Athena winsPartly responsible for Medusa becoming a monster
12 Hera Sister/Wife of Zeus Goddess of Women and Marriage Often depicted as bitter, holding grudgesMother of Hephaestus and Ares
13 Demeter and Persephone Demeter: Sister/Lover of ZeusGoddess of the HarvestPersephone: their daughterGoddess of Vegetation, Queen of the UnderworldMarried to HadesHe tricks/kidnaps herChanging of the Seasons
14 Hestia Sister to Zeus Goddess of the Hearth and Hospitality Had to keep the fire burning on OlympusChose to be celibate
15 Ares Son of Zeus and Hera God of War, Combat, Violence Fear and Terror (Phobos and Deimos) pulled his ChariotBest known for love affair with Aphrodite
16 Hephaestus Son of Zeus and Hera God of smithing, fire, metalwork Married to AphroditeThe only ugly god, Hephaestus made up for it by crafting the most beautiful things.
17 Dionysus Son of Zeus God of wine, celebrations, ritual madness. Party-Hardy god.Unique godMother was mortal Semele
18 Athena Daughter of Zeus Goddess of Bravery, Wisdom, Military Tactics Popped out of his headGoddess of Bravery, Wisdom, Military TacticsPatron Goddess of AthensVirgin
19 Apollo and Artemis Twins Children of Zeus and Leto Apollo: Sun God Carried the sun across the sky in his chariotArtemis: Goddess of the Hunt (Katniss ain’t got nothing on her)
20 Hermes Son of Zeus and Maia Messenger of the Gods God of travelers, herdsmen, athletics, sports, invention, and trade.Conducted souls to the Underworld as well“The intern”
21 Aphrodite Goddess of Beauty, Love, Pleasure, and Procreation. Married to HephaestusOften cheated on him with AresWhen Cronus cut off the genitals of Uranus and threw them into the sea, she rose from the sea foam.