Presentation on theme: "Greek Gods and Goddesses The 12 Olympians and their legends."— Presentation transcript:
Greek Gods and Goddesses The 12 Olympians and their legends
Learning Target Standard 4.2.3 I can understand and analyze how ideas have impacted world history. Learning Target: I can explain how religion and mythology shaped life for people in Ancient Greece.
Ancient Greek Religion Greeks were Polytheistic Polytheism- belief in more than one god. Greeks believed the Olympians were real and could/did intervene in the lives of mortals. Gods could even marry/have children with mortals. – Heracles (Hercules), Achilles, Perseus.
Uranus and Gaia Uranus- the Sky and the Heavens Gaia- the Earth – Gave birth to the Titans
The Titans Ruled the universe before the Gods were born Rhea- “Mother of the Gods” Cronus- Leader of the Titans, brother and consort to Rhea
The First Olympians Children of Rhea and Cronus Cronus feared his children would one day overthrow him, so he ate them Rhea hid away Zeus, replacing him with a boulder wrapped in swaddling clothes. Cronus ate the stone instead, Zeus overthrows the Titans and frees his siblings.
The Gods Lived atop Mount Olympus Immortal Ate Ambrosia and Nectar – Helped keep the gods immortal Had the power to both help and hinder mortals. – Ex: Hephaestus made armor for Achilles during the Trojan War.
Zeus King of the Gods, Lord of the Heavens Youngest of the original 6 Wielded lightning bolts as a weapon Had many lovers, fathered over 100 children – Ares, Hephaestus, Hermes, Aphrodite, Heracles, Perseus, etc.
Hades Brother of Zeus Lord of the Underworld – The Underworld was where the souls of the dead went. Not an evil god, but rather a caretaker of the deceased Underworld guarded by his three-headed dog.
Poseidon Brother of Zeus Lord of the Ocean Poseidon vs. Athena – Athena wins Partly responsible for Medusa becoming a monster
Hera Sister/Wife of Zeus Goddess of Women and Marriage Often depicted as bitter, holding grudges Mother of Hephaestus and Ares
Demeter and Persephone Demeter: Sister/Lover of Zeus Goddess of the Harvest Persephone: their daughter Goddess of Vegetation, Queen of the Underworld Married to Hades – He tricks/kidnaps her Changing of the Seasons
Hestia Sister to Zeus Goddess of the Hearth and Hospitality – Had to keep the fire burning on Olympus Chose to be celibate
Ares Son of Zeus and Hera God of War, Combat, Violence Fear and Terror (Phobos and Deimos) pulled his Chariot Best known for love affair with Aphrodite
Hephaestus Son of Zeus and Hera God of smithing, fire, metalwork Married to Aphrodite The only ugly god, Hephaestus made up for it by crafting the most beautiful things.
Dionysus Son of Zeus God of wine, celebrations, ritual madness. – Party-Hardy god. Unique god – Mother was mortal Semele
Athena Daughter of Zeus – Popped out of his head Goddess of Bravery, Wisdom, Military Tactics Patron Goddess of Athens Virgin
Apollo and Artemis Twins Children of Zeus and Leto Apollo: Sun God – Carried the sun across the sky in his chariot Artemis: Goddess of the Hunt (Katniss ain’t got nothing on her)
Hermes Son of Zeus and Maia Messenger of the Gods God of travelers, herdsmen, athletics, sports, invention, and trade. Conducted souls to the Underworld as well “The intern”
Aphrodite Goddess of Beauty, Love, Pleasure, and Procreation. Married to Hephaestus – Often cheated on him with Ares When Cronus cut off the genitals of Uranus and threw them into the sea, she rose from the sea foam.