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Date Aquinas lived Order Aquinas belonged to Educational background Scholasticism.

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Presentation on theme: "Date Aquinas lived Order Aquinas belonged to Educational background Scholasticism."— Presentation transcript:

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2 Date Aquinas lived Order Aquinas belonged to Educational background Scholasticism

3 Arguments for the Existence of God The Five Ways –Thomas Aquinas 1.Argument from Motion 2.Argument from Efficient Causes 3. Argument from Possibility and Necessity 4. Argument from Gradation of Being 5. Argument from Design http://www.mnstate.edu/gracyk/courses/web%20publishing/aquinasFiveWays_ArgumentAnalysis.htm

4 1.Which proof of God’s existence leaves you with the most questions? 2.Which proof of God’s existence answers more of your questions? 3. Why do you believe or not believe in God?

5 “Serious reasons” the problem of evil is uniquely important –Proof of atheism –Universal –Practical Forms of the problem of evil –Any –Amount –Unjust distribution Three levels of the problem of evil –Gut level –Intellectual level –Tangible level The dilemma of evil –Original sin –Vicarious atonement Four logical formulations of the problem of evil –Aquinas –Augustine –C.S. Lewis –Logical contradiction Five possible solutions to the problem of evil –Atheism –Pantheism –Modern naturalism –Idealism –Biblical theism

6 Evil –Two misconceptions What evil is and isn’t Moral & Physical Evil Free Will –Determinism –Divine Determinism Omnipotence Goodness –Kindness Happiness –Shallow –Eudaimonia

7 1.God is unique 2.God is infinite and omnipotent 3.God is eternal 4.God is immense 5.God contains all things 6.God is immutable 7.God is utterly simple – a pure spirit 8.God is personal 9.God is holy Is 45:18 Ps 135:5-6 Is 40:28 1 Kings 8:27 Wisdom 8:1 Ps 102:25-28 Exodus 20:4 Jer 31:3 Is 55:8

8  Divine Revelation

9 God Reveals Himself –God’s Name What is revealed by God’s Name? –A God Merciful and Gracious –God Alone IS God is Truth and Love Belief in One God –Implications

10 The Central Mystery of Christian Life The Revelation of God as Trinity –The Father Revealed by the Son –The Father and Son Revealed by the Spirit The Holy Trinity in the Teaching of the Faith –Dogma of the Trinity

11 The Shield of the Trinity The Shamrock Tree Sun

12  Atheism  Albert Camus  Karl Marx  Friedrich Nietzsche  Sigmund Freud  Agnosticism  Theism  John Henry Newman  Experiences  Contemporary Theologians Karl Rahner Rosemary Radford Ruether Paul Tillich

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