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The Panorama of the Divine Judgment At Its Best God’s Perfect Plan of Salvation © Jiří Moskala, Th.D., Ph.D. Professor of Old Testament Exegesis and Theology.

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Presentation on theme: "The Panorama of the Divine Judgment At Its Best God’s Perfect Plan of Salvation © Jiří Moskala, Th.D., Ph.D. Professor of Old Testament Exegesis and Theology."— Presentation transcript:

1 The Panorama of the Divine Judgment At Its Best God’s Perfect Plan of Salvation © Jiří Moskala, Th.D., Ph.D. Professor of Old Testament Exegesis and Theology Andrews University Old Testament Department

2 How Does One Put Together the Cross and God’s Judgment? The Cross of Jesus must be at the center and has to be the foundation of all our discourses and teaching on Judgment!

3 From and To the Cross “The Lamb that was slain from the creation of the world.” (Rev 13:8)

4 Millions of Dollars in Your Bank 1.Imagine that I am a very rich man. 2.I give each of you a 100-million dollar check. 3.It will not do you any good if you do not cash the check at your bank so you may have access to the money! 4.Only after you sign the check at the bank will you obtain access to your fortune. 5.Only after cashing the check can you work with the money—invest it and enjoy the benefits!

5 Jesus Accomplishments on the Cross (and in His life) The Cross of our Lord Jesus Christ is like the Cosmic Bank (not only a World Bank). You need to “cash” (i.e., accept) for yourself what God accomplished for you! All phases of God’s judgment (steps in His plan of salvation) are possible because of His deposit of grace!!!

6 How does one put the Cross of Jesus at the center of God’s Judgment? How would one do it in regard of 1844?

7 Eschatological/Post Cross Judgments Divine Universal Judgment in Seven Phases: Celebration of the Cross of Jesus 1 2 3 456 7 God’s Executive Judgment Pre-Cross Judgments

8 Specific Nature of This Study 1.Time of Judgment: Pre-eschatological or Eschatological 2.Nature of Judgment 3.Place: Heaven or Earth 4.Direct Beneficiaries (For the Sake of) 5.Key Biblical References 6.Description and Content

9 Eschatological/Post Cross Judgments Divine Universal Judgment in Seven Phases: 1. Pre-Cross Judgments 1 2 3 456 7 God’s Executive Judgment Pre-Cross Judgments

10 1. Pre-Eschatological Judgment 1.Time: Pre-Eschatological/ Pre-Cross Judgments 2.Nature: Typological or Pedagogical Judgment (“ Example Judgments ”) 3.Place: Earth 4.Direct Beneficiaries: Survivors (Human Beings) 5.Key Biblical References and Content: Gen 3; 4; 11–12; 19; Exod 7–12; 13–14

11 When Does God’s Judgment Occur for the First Time in the Bible? In the Garden of Eden! Why did Adam and Eve not die when God said that in the day they would eat from the forbidden fruit they would surely die?!

12 God’s GRACE which was streaming from the Cross of Jesus was applied to them ! See Rev 13:8.

13 Other Judgments 1.Upon Cain 2.Flood 3.Tower of Babel 4.Sodom and Gomorrah 5.10 plagues in Egypt Etc.

14 Summary of the First Judgment Preliminary, Typological, and Pedagogical Usually Mixed with Mercy Lessons for the Survivors Redemptive and Punitive God’s Surgical Action as a Wall Against the Rising Tide of Evil

15 Eschatological/Post Cross Judgments Divine Universal Judgment in Seven Phases: 2. Judgment on the Cross—God’s Smile for us 1 2 3 456 7 God’s Executive Judgment Pre-Cross Judgments

16 Phase Number Two 1.Time: Eschatological Judgment or Judgment on the Cross 2.Nature: CENTRAL-COSMIC JUDGMENT 3.Place: Earth 4.Direct Beneficiaries: The Whole Universe Including Humanity 5.Key Biblical References: John 12:31–32; Isa 53:3– 8; Dan 9:24–27; John 16:11; Rom 8:3; Rev 13:8; Rev 12:7–12; Eph 1:4; 1 Pet 1:20; Heb 2:14

17 Who Was Judged on the Cross? Satan

18 “Now is the judgment of this world; now the ruler of this world will be cast out. “And I, if I am lifted up from the earth, will draw all peoples to Myself.” John 12:31–32

19 John 16:8–11 “Nevertheless I tell you the truth. It is to your advantage that I go away; for if I do not go away, the Helper will not come to you; but if I depart, I will send Him to you. And when He has come, He will convict the world of sin, and of righteousness, and of judgment: of sin, because they do not believe in Me; of righteousness, because I go to My Father and you see Me no more; of judgment, because the ruler of this world is judged.”

20 Hebrews 2:14 “Since the children have flesh and blood, he too shared in their humanity so that by his death he might destroy him who holds the power of death—that is, the devil.”

21 Who Was Judged on the Cross? Satan Sin, evil

22 Romans 8:3 “For what the law could not do in that it was weak through the flesh, God did by sending His own Son in the likeness of sinful flesh, on account of sin: He condemned sin in the flesh.”

23 Who Was Judged on the Cross? Satan Sin, evil All humanity (We were judged.)

24 Isaiah 53:4–6 “Surely he took up our infirmities and carried our sorrows, yet we considered him stricken by God, smitten by him, and afflicted. But he was pierced for our transgressions, he was crushed for our iniquities; the punishment that brought us peace was upon him, and by his wounds we are healed. We all, like sheep, have gone astray, each of us has turned to his own way; and the LORD has laid on him the iniquity of us all.”

25 1 Corinthians 15:3 “For what I received I passed on to you as of first importance: that Christ died for our sins according to the Scriptures.”

26 Who Was Judged on the Cross? Satan Sin, evil All humanity (we were judged) God was “judged” (not that someone had the power to put Him on trial, but because He opens Himself and invites everyone to judge who He is), and He was proven to be God of love, justice, truth, order, and freedom—it was the highest revelation of the true character of God! See Psalm 51:4 and Rom 3:4.

27 Psalm 51:4 “Against you, you only, have I sinned and done what is evil in your sight, so that you are proved right when you speak and justified when you judge.” Rom 3:4 “Let God be true, and every man a liar. As it is written: ‘So that you may be proved right when you speak and prevail when you judge.’”

28 Summary of the Second Judgment Very Crucial, Vital, Central, and Cosmic in Scope. Reveals God’s love for His people, but also His wrath against sin and all evil (God’s justice). Involves both Salvation and Condemnation. God’s Triumphant Victory over Satan. God is “Judged”: Vindicated and Shown to be God of Truth, Love and Justice. God Passes Judgment on Satan and Sin. The Whole Humanity is Judged. God Reveals Who He Is ―T hrough Jesus Christ.

29 Eschatological/Post Cross Judgments God’s Universal Judgment in Seven Phases: 3. Judgment During Our Lifetime 1 2 3 456 7 God’s Executive Judgment Pre-cross Judgments

30 Phase Number Three 1.Time: Post-Cross / Judgment During Our Lifetime 2. Nature: Decisive Judgment 3.Place: Earth 4.Direct Beneficiaries: Individual Human Persons 5.Key Biblical References: John 3:16–18, 36; 5:22–24; 14:6; 16:8–11; Rom 5:1–2; 8:1–4; 8:31– 39; Eph 2:4–10; 1 John 2:28; 4:17; Isa 53:11–12

31 Everything Depends on Our Relationship to God Jesus Christ, His sacrificial substitutionary death on our behalf, is the center, magnet, steering wheel, anchor, and turning point of the plan of salvation. On the acceptance of His death for us depends our eternity!


33 John 5:24 “Most assuredly, I say to you, he who hears My word and believes in Him who sent Me has everlasting life, and shall not come into judgment, but has passed from death into life.” (NKJV) “I tell you the truth, whoever hears my word and believes him who sent me has eternal life and will not be condemned; he has crossed over from death to life.” (NIV)

34 Everyone Judged 2 Cor 5:10 “For we must all appear before the judgment seat of Christ, that each one may receive what is due him for the things done while in the body, whether good or bad.”

35 Consider the Sequence Of Different Issues: 1.Preaching of the Gospel: “hearing” 2.Positive response: “believing” 3.Results for the believer: A. He/she has eternal life (note the present tense)! B. He/she does not come to judgment (is not condemned)! C. He/she passes from death to eternal life!

36 Time of Judgment Each Sabbath morning at 11 o’clock is a judgment hour! Gospel is preached and decisions are made for or against Christ! It stresses the importance of God-centered preaching and shows our responsibility to lead our audience (others) to Christ! It occurs every time when people are confronted with the Truth (during witnessing; Bible studies; meaningful discussions; prayer sessions; singing; etc.).

37 John 3:17–18 “For God did not send his Son into the world to condemn the world, but to save the world through him. Whoever believes in him is not condemned, but whoever does not believe stands condemned already because he has not believed in the name of God's one and only Son.”

38 John 3: 36: “He who believes in the Son has everlasting life; and he who does not believe the Son shall not see life, but the wrath of God abides on him.” John 14: 6: “Jesus said to him, "I am the way, the truth, and the life. No one comes to the Father except through Me.” John 16: 8–11: “And when He has come, He will convict the world of sin, and of righteousness, and of judgment: "of sin, because they do not believe in Me; "of righteousness, because I go to My Father and you see Me no more; "of judgment, because the ruler of this world is judged.”

39 Romans 5:1: “Therefore, having been justified by faith, we have peace with God through our Lord Jesus Christ, through whom also we have access by faith into this grace in which we stand, and rejoice in hope of the glory of God.” I John 5:12: “He who has the Son has life; he who does not have the Son of God does not have life.”

40 No Condemnation Rom 8:1 “Therefore, there is now no condemnation for those who are in Christ Jesus.”

41 Illustration Paper (representing me ― a sinner). Bible (representing Jesus Christ). I have heard the Good News about our God! I am attracted to the loving, gracious, forgiving, caring, holy, and just God. I openly, honestly, sincerely confess my sins. He accepts me for 100%. I am hidden in Him. His righteousness is my righteousness; His perfection is my perfection; His purity is my purity; His character is my character.

42 Even More! When the Heavenly Father looks upon me, whom does He see? He sees His beloved Son Jesus Christ! This means I am safe in Christ! We received an expensive grace (not a cheap one!). And this amazing grace will gradually transform me to His image!

43 Power of God’s Grace Do you know why grace is amazing? Not only because it can save a wretch like me, but especially because it is a transforming grace. If grace is not transforming, it is not amazing!!! God’s grace has power to change us so that we can reflect more and more the character of God!

44 Steps to Christ, p. 62 “If you give yourself to Him, and accept Him as your personal Saviour, then, sinful as your life may have been, for His sake you are accounted righteous. Christ’s character stands in place of your character, and you are accepted before God as just as if you had not sinned.”

45 Ephesians 2:1–10 1 “As for you, you were dead in your transgressions and sins, 2 in which you used to live when you followed the ways of this world and of the ruler of the kingdom of the air, the spirit who is now at work in those who are disobedient. 3 All of us also lived among them at one time, gratifying the cravings of our sinful nature and following its desires and thoughts. Like the rest, we were by nature objects of wrath. 4 But …

46 Ephesians 2:1–10 4 But because of his great love for us, God, who is rich in mercy, 5 made us alive with Christ even when we were dead in transgressions-- it is by grace you have been saved. 6 And God raised us up with Christ and seated us with him in the heavenly realms in Christ Jesus, 7 in order that in the coming ages he might show the incomparable riches of his grace, expressed in his kindness to us in Christ Jesus. 8 For it is by grace you have been saved, through faith-- and this not from yourselves, it is the gift of God- - 9 not by works, so that no one can boast. 10 For we are God's workmanship, created in Christ Jesus to do good works, which God prepared in advance for us to do.”

47 Ephesians 1:20 “Which he [the Father] exerted in Christ when he raised him [Jesus Christ] from the dead and seated him at his right hand in the heavenly realms.”

48 If you are already in heaven, why do you worry if you will make it one day!?! Already—Not Yet! It is already our reality by faith, but not yet experienced physically! We do not yet see God face to face!

49 Summary of the Third Phase Decision is personal and private. Response to the message of the Gospel. Occurs when humans are justified (forgiven). After death nothing can be changed (sealed, no second chance). Real issues involved in this Judgment: a. What shall I do with Jesus? b. Whom shall I trust? c. What is my reaction to the Gospel? Decisions are done during our lifetime for all eternity: saved- unsaved, faithful-unfaithful, good-evil. Nothing, nobody can reverse this judgment (free will).

50 Eschatological/Post Cross Judgments God’s Universal Judgment in Seven Phases: 4. The Pre-Advent Judgment 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 God’s Executive Judgment Pre-cross Judgments

51 Fourth Phase of Judgment 1.Time: Pre-Advent Judgment. What is its NATURE? Known as the INVESTIGATIVE JUDGMENT. Can be a misleading term.

52 Who Needs to Investigate? God?

53 God Knows Who Are His! 2 Tim 2:19 “Nevertheless, God’s solid foundation stands firm, sealed with this inscription: ‘The Lord knows those who are his,’ and, ‘Everyone who confesses the name of the Lord must turn away from wickedness.’”

54 Who Needs to Investigate? Believers in Christ?

55 Not really! 1 John 5:12-13 “He who has the Son has life; he who does not have the Son of God does not have life. I write these things to you who believe in the name of the Son of God so that you may KNOW that you have eternal life.”

56 Illustration In July I celebrated with my wife our 30 th anniversary. I am already happily married for three decades!

57 Illustration I do not need to wake up in the morning and think: “Am I married or not?” I love my wife; I never divorced her; I make my decisions in respect to her; I stayed with her even in our difficult times… I was not always a perfect husband, but we belong together. I live with my wife! … and I know I am married!

58 Illustration In the same way, I do not need to wake up in the morning and think: “Am I saved or not?” Every morning I rededicate my life to Him. The first thing I do after I wake up is to kneel beside my bed, and thank Him … I know I am saved, not because I am so good, but because of His grace, because He says so! “By the grace of God I am what I am” (1 Cor 15:10).

59 In Addition In the pre-Advent judgment humans are totally passive; we do not play there an active role. We have made our decisions; and this judgment is about what God, our High Priest, is doing for us in heaven!

60 Who Needs to Investigate? Angels?

61 Yes! It is for Angels and Heavenly Beings! The pre-advent judgment is conducted mainly for the sake of angels and heavenly beings! “As I looked, thrones were set in place, and the Ancient of Days took his seat. His clothing was as white as snow; the hair of his head was white like wool. His throne was flaming with fire, and its wheels were all ablaze. A river of fire was flowing, coming out from before him. Thousands upon thousands attended him; ten thousand times ten thousand stood before him. The court was seated, and the books were opened.” Dan 7:9–10

62 New Terminology Terms are very important. Truth, concepts, ideas are conveyed through words. We need to choose the best!

63 Fourth Phase of Judgment I would like to propose a better term: Affirmative Judgment (or Demonstrative or Revelatory Judgment)

64 Fourth Phase of Judgment 1.Time: Pre-Advent Judgment 2.Nature: Affirmative Judgment 3.Place: Heaven 4.Direct Beneficiaries: Angels / Whole Universe 5.Key Biblical Texts: Dan 7–8; Rev 14:7; Rev 19:2; Matt 22:1–14

65 Facts About This Judgment Also known as the “Investigative Judgment.” Bible prophecy points to it starting in 1844 (Dan 7–9). This is “Investigative” only from the viewpoint of angels. It is the affirmative or confirmatory judgment from the viewpoint of GOD and human beings. It is God’s demonstrative or revelatory judgment: He openly demonstrates to the whole universe our relationship to Him; His attitude to sin; and how He saves repentant sinners! Salvation of God’s people ― “Judgment in favor of the saints of the Most High.” Condemnation ― the “Little Horn” is judged and condemned.

66 Facts Continued A revelation of God’s grace and power, rather than a display of our sins. A demonstration of how God worked for us, in us, and through us. Nothing mysterious or hidden activity ― it is a legal admission to Heaven in front of the whole Universe. Plainly and openly revealed who accepted God as their Creator and Savior. God is proven just, because sinners are transformed by God’s grace, Word, and Spirit. God’s love and justice are demonstrated when He accepts into the heavenly family those who repented and followed Him.



69 What’s Missing? Pictures are very impersonal. Very sad (sober) faces. Distance between justified sinner and Jesus. Usually, Jesus or the Cross is not at the center of the picture but the sinner.

70 Three Possible Ways of Improvement: - Repentant sinner on the pierced palm of Jesus.

71 Three Possible Ways of Improvement: - Repentant sinner on the pierced palm of Jesus. - Being in the heart of Jesus.

72 Three Possible Ways of Improvement: - Repentant sinner on the pierced palm of Jesus. - Being in the heart of Jesus. - Jesus embraces repentant sinner.



75 Personal View With one hand Jesus embraces me. With another shows my real life. Not only the display of my sins. Jesus as my true Witness demonstrates to the whole universe what is my attitude toward Him, what is my attitude toward sin and salvation. Especially the demonstration of God’s working GRACE in me. My orientation for Jesus and life is revealed. My attitudes and direction of life are demonstrated. My priorities.

76 Jesus Christ: “My grace is sufficient for the repentant sinner Moskala.”

77 Joy in Heaven Everyone will jump out of their seats and applaud. They will applaud, of course, not me, but Jesus, His powerful grace in my life. Remember—God’s amazing grace is always transforming grace! If grace is not transforming, it is not amazing! They will proclaim: “We want that Moskala to live with us! He fits and belongs here as part of our family!” In this way Jesus is legally securing in front of the universe my place in heaven for all eternity. See John 14:1-3!

78 Eschatological/Post Cross Judgments God’s Universal Judgment in Seven Phases: 5. The Realization Judgment 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 God’s Executive Judgment Pre-cross Judgments


80 The Fifth Phase of Judgment 1.Time: Eschatological Judgment, Post- Cross, Judgment at the Second Coming of Christ 2.Nature: Realization Judgment 3.Place: Earth 4.Direct Beneficiaries: Redeemed People 5.Key Biblical Texts: Rev 19:17–21; Matt 25:31–46; John 5:28–29; 1 Cor 4:4–5; Dan 12:2, 13

81 John 14:1–3 “Do not let your hearts be troubled. Trust in God; trust also in me. In my Father’s house are many rooms; if it were not so, I would have told you. I am going there to prepare a place for you. And if I go and prepare a place for you, I will come back and take you to be with me that you also may be where I am.”

82 John 5:28–29: “Do not marvel at this; for the hour is coming in which all who are in the graves will hear His voice "and come forth—those who have done good, to the resurrection of life, and those who have done evil, to the resurrection of condemnation.” 1 Cor 4:4–5: “For I know nothing against myself, yet I am not justified by this; but He who judges me is the Lord. Therefore judge nothing before the time, until the Lord comes, who will both bring to light the hidden things of darkness and reveal the counsels of the hearts. Then each one's praise will come from God.”

83 Revelation 19:17–21: “Then I saw an angel standing in the sun; and he cried with a loud voice, saying to all the birds that fly in the midst of heaven, "Come and gather together for the supper of the great God, "that you may eat the flesh of kings, the flesh of captains, the flesh of mighty men, the flesh of horses and of those who sit on them, and the flesh of all people, free and slave, both small and great. "And I saw the beast, the kings of the earth, and their armies, gathered together to make war against Him who sat on the horse and against His army. Then the beast was captured, and with him the false prophet who worked signs in his presence, by which he deceived those who received the mark of the beast and those who worshiped his image. These two were cast alive into the lake of fire burning with brimstone. And the rest were killed with the sword which proceeded from the mouth of Him who sat on the horse. And all the birds were filled with their flesh.” Daniel 12: 2, 13: “And many of those who sleep in the dust of the earth shall awake, Some to everlasting life, Some to shame and everlasting contempt…But you, go your way till the end; for you shall rest, and will arise to your inheritance at the end of the days.”

84 Realization Judgment Resurrection of dead in Christ and Redemption of all true believers of God. Condemnation and Execution of the living wicked. Salvation-Condemnation. Jesus Christ appears with rewards. All living human beings judged, but only faithful believers saved.

85 Eschatological/Post-Cross Judgments God’s Universal Judgment in Seven Phases: 6. Judgment during Millennium 1 2 3 45 6 7 God’s Executive Judgment Pre-cross Judgments

86 The Sixth Phase of Judgment 1.Time: Eschatological, Post-Cross Judgment, Judgment during Millennium 2.Nature: Attestation Judgment 3.Place: Heaven 4.Direct Beneficiaries: Redeemed 5.Key Biblical Texts: Rev 20:4–6; 1Cor 6:2–3; Matt 19:28


88 Matt 19: 28: “So Jesus said to them, "Assuredly I say to you, that in the regeneration, when the Son of Man sits on the throne of His glory, you who have followed Me will also sit on twelve thrones, judging the twelve tribes of Israel.” 1 Cor 6: 2–3: “Do you not know that the saints will judge the world? And if the world will be judged by you, are you unworthy to judge the smallest matters? Do you not know that we shall judge angels? How much more, things that pertain to this life?”

89 Revelation 20:1–5 : “Then I saw an angel coming down from heaven, having the key to the bottomless pit and a great chain in his hand. He laid hold of the dragon, that serpent of old, who is the Devil and Satan, and bound him for a thousand years; and he cast him into the bottomless pit, and shut him up, and set a seal on him, so that he should deceive the nations no more till the thousand years were finished. But after these things he must be released for a little while. And I saw thrones, and they sat on them, and judgment was committed to them. Then I saw the souls of those who had been beheaded for their witness to Jesus and for the word of God, who had not worshiped the beast or his image, and had not received his mark on their foreheads or on their hands. And they lived and reigned with Christ for a thousand years. But the rest of the dead did not live again until the thousand years were finished. This is the first resurrection.”

90 Different Function/Role God wants us to be happy in heaven and happy throughout eternity even though our beloved ones or close relatives would not be there with us. Hypothetical illustration: my father who led me to Christ.

91 Different Function/Role God wants us to be happy in heaven and happy throughout eternity even if we should there meet our enemies or those, who according to our understanding, were enemies of Christ and His people. Hypothetical examples ― Nero, Hitler, Stalin, Mussolini, Pinochet, Osama ben Ladin, etc. Time for receiving clearer insights and deeper understanding of reality.

92 Another Function Time for reconciliation, healing of emotional wounds, restoration of broken relationships, and growth.

93 Illustration ― 2 Kings 21 The King Manasseh. Who was he?

94 Illustration ― 2 Kings 21 - The worst king in Judah (like Ahab in the North). - Symbol of evil.

95 Illustration ― 2 Kings 21 - Yet was 55 years on the throne.

96 Illustration ― 2 Kings 21 - Practiced idolatry. - Offered his sons to foreign gods.

97 Illustration ― 2 Kings 21 - Exercised magic and spiritism.

98 Illustration ― 2 Kings 21 Murdered Isaiah and many other prophets and people.

99 Illustration ― 2 Kings 21 According to the pseudepigraphic writing, The Ascension of Isaiah, Isaiah was sawed in half during the reign of Manasseh. Terrible!!! What can be worse?

100 BUT ― According to 2 Chronicles 33 The King Manasseh repented –Sent into Assyrian captivity –Sincerely asked God for mercy –Returned back –Revival and reformation Good News?

101 Rejoice—God Saves! Good News! God saves sinners!!! Manasseh will be in heaven!!! Glory to God for His amazing, transforming grace that could save a man like Manasseh!

102 Good News Isaiah and Manasseh will meet in heaven! Will they pretend that nothing happened? Will they ignore each other? Don’t you think that it is now time for Manasseh to say, “I am deeply sorry,” to Isaiah? Then they will embrace each other … Isaiah: “I have forgiven you a long time ago! You are my brother!”

103 Additional Examples David and Uriah (2 Sam 11).

104 Additional Examples David and Uriah (2 Sam 11). Apostle Paul before his conversion put to death many Christians who knew him only as an enemy of the church.

105 Additional Examples David and Uriah (2 Sam 11). Apostle Paul before his conversion put to death many Christians who knew him only as an enemy of the church. Paul was the main witness of (and responsible for) the death of Stephen, the deacon (Acts 7:54–8:3; 9:1–6).

106 Facts About the Judgment During the Millennium Confirmatory, revelatory, negative (shows condemnation). Endorses God’s previous judgment. God wants all the redeemed to be happy throughout eternity. Revelation of God’s love and justice while not forgiving those who rejected His saving grace. All redeemed attest to God’s goodness and justice in not admitting into Heaven those who refused His saving activity for them and continued in their destructive behavior. Judgment of evil angels and Satan.

107 Eschatological/Post Cross Judgments God’s Universal Judgment in Seven Phases: 7. The Final Judgment 1 2 3 456 7 God’s Executive Judgment Pre-cross Judgments

108 The Final Phase/7 th Phase of Judgment 1.Time: The Last Judgment 2.Nature: Executive Judgment 3.Place: Earth 4.Direct Beneficiaries: Whole Universe including the Redeemed 5.Key Biblical Texts: Rev 20:7–15; John 12:48; Acts 17:31

109 Revelation 20:7–15: “Now when the thousand years have expired, Satan will be released from his prison and will go out to deceive the nations which are in the four corners of the earth, Gog and Magog, to gather them together to battle, whose number is as the sand of the sea. They went up on the breadth of the earth and surrounded the camp of the saints and the beloved city. And fire came down from God out of heaven and devoured them. The devil, who deceived them, was cast into the lake of fire and brimstone where the beast and the false prophet are. And they will be tormented day and night forever and ever. Then I saw a great white throne and Him who sat on it, from whose face the earth and the heaven fled away. And there was found no place for them. And I saw the dead, small and great, standing before God, and books were opened. And another book was opened, which is the Book of Life. And the dead were judged according to their works, by the things which were written in the books. The sea gave up the dead who were in it, and Death and Hades delivered up the dead who were in them. And they were judged, each one according to his works. Then Death and Hades were cast into the lake of fire. This is the second death. And anyone not found written in the Book of Life was cast into the lake of fire.”

110 John 12:48: “He who rejects Me, and does not receive My words, has that which judges him -- the word that I have spoken will judge him in the last day.” Acts 17: 31: “ B ecause He has appointed a day on which He will judge the world in righteousness by the Man whom He has ordained. He has given assurance of this to all by raising Him from the dead.”

111 Facts About the Final Judgment Condemnation, Executive, Annihilation Judgment when all evil in various forms will be totally eradicated. Negative judgment with very positive results. All intelligent beings in the universe will serve God faithfully out of love and gratitude, because they know the goodness of the Lord. God as Surgeon eradicates the problem of sin once and for all and totally reverses the damage done by sin. Salvation and life secured for all eternity. Sin and Rebellion will never occur again..

112 The Last Judgment “Above the throne of God appears the cross of Jesus.” (GC 666) In the light of the cross, the whole great controversy between God and Satan, light and darkness, truth and deceit is shown (the best multimedia presentation!). Every individual will also see in the light of the cross what God did for him/her.

113 Every Knee Will Bow Down Before God Not only all redeemed, good angels, and the heavenly beings, but also -The wicked people. -The evil angels. -Satan himself. Phil 2:10–11 “That at the name of Jesus every knee should bow, in heaven and on earth and under the earth, and every tongue confess that Jesus Christ is Lord, to the glory of God the Father.” Rev 15:3–4 “Great and marvelous are your deeds, Lord God Almighty. Just and true are your ways, King of the ages... For you alone are holy … your righteous acts have been revealed.”

114 Satan’s Total Capitulation and Defeat After a crystal clear demonstration of God’s love and evidences of it, Satan admits that God is JUST. His, Satan’s, claims are refuted. But he is angry at himself that he testified to God’s justice, and he leads his followers to a final rebellion. Because it was demonstrated to the whole universe what God had unselfishly done for sinners and that even the best information could not change the heart of the wicked (this is why they are condemned and outside of the New Jerusalem), the fire from heaven will fall down and destroy/annihilate evil and everyone who associated with it.

115 God’s Strange But Necessary Act: Annihilation of Unrepentant Sinners, Evil Angels, and Satan God has no pleasure in destroying the wicked. Ezek 18:32 “For I take no pleasure in the death of anyone, declares the Sovereign LORD. Repent and live!” (see also Ezek 33:11) Isa 28:21 “The LORD will rise up as … to do his work, his strange work, and perform his task, his alien task.”

116 God’s love and justice clearly demonstrated. Nahum 1:9 “Whatever they plot against the LORD he will bring to an end; trouble will not come a second time.”

117 God’s Total Victory It is the VICTORY of God’s - love. - truth. - justice. Victory of His moral power (not His force). He is the only Warrant of freedom, harmony, peace, and order.

118 In the New Earth There Is No More Death

119 There Is No More Death Sickness, pain, disease

120 There Is No More Death Sickness, pain, disease Wickedness, crime, evil

121 There Are No More Three institutions of which we are the most scared: No cemeteries No hospitals No prisons No more sin, sinners, evil angels, Satan !!!

122 There Will Be There Love Peace Joy Security Creative work Meaningful lasting relationships Harmony Traveling in the vast universe to other planets

123 There Is God with His people there. “Then I saw a new heaven and a new earth, for the first heaven and the first earth had passed away, and there was no longer any sea. I saw the Holy City, the new Jerusalem, coming down out of heaven from God, prepared as a bride beautifully dressed for her husband. And I heard a loud voice from the throne saying, ‘Now the dwelling of God is with men, and he will live with them. They will be his people, and God himself will be with them and be their God.’” Rev 21:1–3 (NIV)

124 All Eternity With God Angels Heavenly beings from all the different 120 billion galaxies Redeemed of all generations (from Adam to the Second Coming of Christ) The best fellowship ever! Never ending growth in the LORD!

125 This is the Gospel according to God’s Judgment! Glory, Hosanna, Hallelujah to the Lord!

126 The Divine Judgment: A Demonstration of God’s Wrath Or A Celebration of the Cross?

127 Of Course, It Is A Celebration of the Cross, celebration of the Person—Jesus Christ!

128 The Gospel According to God’s Judgment: It is a perfect Gospel, because our God is perfect in all His actions! He is the God of LOVE! He is our beautiful Judge! GLORY, HALLELUJAH TO THE LORD! Amen!

129 Toward a Biblical Theology of God’s Judgment: A Celebration of the Cross in Seven Phases of Divine Universal Judgment (An Overview Of a Theocentric-Christocentric Approach) (For more details, see my article in the Journal of Adventist Theological Society, Spring 2004.)




133 Concluding Illustration It happened many years ago when people were moving in America to the West …

134 A Thief A man stole a loaf of bread. He was caught and put in small town prison. Judge arrived. Is it true? What can you say to your defense?

135 Judge in America West Verdict: 10 dollars fine.

136 Judge in America West Additional verdict: You all are guilty too because you did not help needy person when he begged you for help. Everyone had to pay 50 cents of fine.

137 God Is Your Judge ― SMILE Collected: 47 dollars and 50 cents. “Here it is for your new beginning, your new life!” As beautiful as it is, our Judge is better than that!

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