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阿波羅:古希臘的醫神 Apollo : the God of Healing in Ancient Greece 陳玲華 台大外文系副教授 [ 醫學與人文 2010 年 12 月 ] 第 11 單元.

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Presentation on theme: "阿波羅:古希臘的醫神 Apollo : the God of Healing in Ancient Greece 陳玲華 台大外文系副教授 [ 醫學與人文 2010 年 12 月 ] 第 11 單元."— Presentation transcript:

1 阿波羅:古希臘的醫神 Apollo : the God of Healing in Ancient Greece 陳玲華 台大外文系副教授 [ 醫學與人文 2010 年 12 月 ] 第 11 單元

2 Outline I. Apollo in the Hippocratic Oath II. Apollo, the god of healing (The Iliad) III. The cult of Apollo IV. Apollo’s divine family ˙ father: Zeus ˙uncles: Poseidon, Hades ˙mother: Leto ˙sister: Artemis ˙son: Asclepius, the god of medicine V. Apollo’s unhappy love ˙ Cassandra ˙ Daphne ˙ Coronis: mother of Asclepius (The Metamorphosis) VI. The cult of Asclepius

3 I. Apollo in the Hippocratic Oath 希波克拉底誓言中的阿波羅 Apollo Hippocrates

4 Hippocrates ( BC) the father of medicine  Hippocrates, who is often described as the founder of modern medicine, left a legacy of 53 scientific books on medical topics, known as the Corpus Hippocraticum.  Modern doctors still take the Hippocratic Oath which is the basis of medical ethics.

5 The Hippocratic Oath: “I swear by Apollo the physician and Asclepius, and Health, and All-heal, and all the gods and goddesses...”

6 “Into whatever houses I enter, I will go into them for the benefit of the sick, and will abstain from every voluntary act of mischief and corruption; and, further from the seduction of females or males, of freemen and slaves….” “Whatever, in connection with my professional practice or not, I see or hear, in the life of men, which ought not to be spoken of abroad, I will not divulge, as reckoning that all such should be kept secret….”

7 II. Apollo: the god of healing  The Greeks believed that illness was a punishment sent by the gods to whom they prayed for a cure.  Apollo was associated with light and healing, but if he was angry, his arrows could cause plague.  Apollo, the god of archery, punished Agamemnon and his Greek camp with plague in the Trojan War. When his anger was appeased, he granted his healing. (Homer, The Iliad, Book I )

8 III. The cult of Apollo  Apollo’s temple at Delphi was of paramount importance in Greece.  He was well-known as a god of prophecy, and at Delphi he would reply to questions about the future, known as the “oracle.”  Apollo was also the patron god of music and poetry, and the protector of herdsmen and flocks.  His forename Phoebus means “bright,” and he became connected with the Greek sun- god Helios in the Hellenistic Age.

9 IV. Apollo’s divine family  Father : Zeus, the king of the gods on Olympus  Uncles : Poseidon, the god of the ocean Hades, the god of the underworld  Mother : Leto, the goddess of Delos  Sister : Artemis, the goddess of hunting  Son by a mortal woman, Coronis: Asclepius, the god of medicine

10 V. Apollo’s unhappy love ˙ Cassandra: the discredit of her prophesy ˙ Daphne: the laurel tree ˙ Coronis: mother of Asclepius (The Metamorphosis)

11 VI. The cult of Asclepius  Son of Apollo and Coronis  Father of Hygieia (Hygiene) and two Greek doctors at Troy, Machaon and Podalirius  Sanctuaries of Asclepius all over the Greek world.  The temple and theater at Epidaurus.  “Temple sleep”: a healing ritual at Asclepius’ temple to provide divine medical cures for the ailing people

12 ˙ Asclepius & his staff with a serpent twisted around it (厄斯克里皮斯與他的蛇杖) ˙Asclepius’ temple at Cos (厄斯克里皮斯的神廟)

13 版權聲明 圖片授權條件作者/來源 作者: ChrisO 來源: sberg_glyptotek.jpg visited ChrisO sberg_glyptotek.jpg 1881 Young Persons‘ Cyclopedia of Persons and Places Assumming PD due to age. RedWolf 05:45, Jan 10, 2005 (UTC) {{PD}} 來 源: tw/File:Hippocrates.jpg visited RedWolf tw/File:Hippocrates.jpg Twelfth-century Byzantine manuscript the oath was written out in the form of a cross 來源: h.jpg visited h.jpg 作者: DerHexer 來源: epios_NAMA_263_(DerHexer).JPG epios_NAMA_263_(DerHexer).JPG

14 版權聲明 圖片授權條件作者/來源 作者: Heiko Gorsk 來源: n.jpg visited n.jpg


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