2 Yoruba Religion Is a major African religion, based in Nigeria Over 25 million Yoruba peopleOne overall godOther gods are the Irunmole and the OrishaRespect ancestorsSprit lives after death and reincarnates in blood relativesMoments in life can be predicted
3 African Gods: Introduction Many different gods each have different roles. African gods are similar to Greek gods. They have emotions and act human-like.With that said: Lets meet the top 11 gods of African Mythology!
4 Olorun Top God God of the sky, peace and justice Creator of the Earth and humansFather of two: Odudua and ObatalaFavorite Color: White
5 Olokun Olorun’s brother God of the Sea Possibly a sea goddess Married to Olorun
6 Bumba Obtala Creator god of humans Loved wine God of vomit and creatorHad a stomach ache for centuriesThrew up the world and creatures on itCreator god of humansLoved wineMade humans when under the influence of alcohol
7 Shango Eshu God of thunder Fourth king of Yoruba Colors: Red and White Likes to party and feastTrickster god of decisions and choicesOffers advice to those in needOwns the roads of lifeHas a sense of humor
8 Orishas Yemaya Guardian spirits under control of Olorun One of the OrishasMother of water and childbirth
9 Anansi Elegua Spider god Creator god: created sun and moon Sneaky, Trickster, SlyProvides more opportunity + second chancesTrickster: can make some choices seem difficult
10 Orunmilla One of the Orishas Spirit of Wisdom: Divine Makes Prophecies Has his own priestsEquipped with “divination chains”
11 African Gods’ Family Tree OLORUNOLOKUNODUDAOBATALAAGANJUOBATALAORUNMILAORUNMILAYEMAJAORUNGANSHANGOOSHUNOYAOBAKEYBLUE= malePINK= femaleDOKUNSHAKPANA
12 Important Cities Ife- “First city” in the world. The spot of land Obtala (aka Odudawa) landed onProsperous and religious centerImportant center of art and cultureOyo-Shango ruled hereProsperous and powerful empire (partly because of appearance of horse)Benin-Brass casting techniques from Ife
13 Creation of the Universe Most important things, like religion, are at center of their lifeThe most important god, Oluddumare, created a force for each gender.Oloddumare said that Olorun was femaleNana gave birth to two eggs named Mawa and Lissa.They created Oshumare the rainbow serpent.Irunmole then created the universe and the godsThe Orishas created spiritual leaders
14 Creation of Life and Land Life or no life? Land or no land?The choice was Obtala’s!How Obtala Created Land and Animals on Earth
15 Yoruba Destruction Myth Irunmola and Oloddumare debate on expanding the universeOloddumare agreed, adding there must be something to hold the entire universe togetherOshumare (Rainbow Serpent) was created to hold the universe togetherHowever, when Oshumare gets hungry and starts eating his own tail, the world will become uncreated, falling apart
16 PB wikiIn order to collaborate and improve our rate of success we used a website called PB wiki to share the information we found.
17 Credits Unknown. “African. ” www. purgingtalon Credits Unknown. “African.” (7 February ) “African Myths.” African Myths. Microsoft. Unknown. 2 February <www.kent.k12.wa.us/staff/KimMcKeever/Student_Projects/Webpages/myths.html>. Unknown. “African Mythology.” /areas/muthology /africa/african/Articles.html (5 February 2006). DeFusco, Mathew. “The Yoruba.” Yorubamf.html (26 Feb. 2006). Elaine, Judith. “African Gods and Goddesses.” Feb. 2006). Horton, Hal. “Yoruban Religion and Myth.” .nus.edy.sg/post/nigeria/Yorubarel.html (16 Feb. 2006). “The Gods of Africa.” African Mythology. Godchecker Inc. 04 November February <www.godchecker .com/pantheon/africa_muthology.php.> “West African Mythology.” Windows to the Universe. Window Team. 28 March February <www.windows.ucar.edu/tour/link =/mythology/African_culture.html>. “Yoruba Mythology.” Yoruba Mythology. Wikipedia. 24 March February <en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Yoruba_mythology>. Unknown. “Yoruban Religion: It’s cosmology and mythology. (16 Feb. 2006). “Ifa Religion.” IFA Religion, Yoruba Religion, Babalawo. New Orleans Mystic. 11 March <http://www.neworleansmistic.com/services /santeria/ifa.htm> Also thanks to Mrs. Miller!