P ERTANGGUNGJAWABAN Siapa Perbuatan Pertanggung jawaban
W HO / WHAT IS CORPORATION ?
A PA ITU KORPORASI ? K ORPORASI M ULTINASIONAL ? G ROUP ? Korporasi - Pendekatan individu vs. Pendekatan enterprise/satu kesatuan - Ruang lingkup: Lintas batas? Tujuan Korporasi : - profit vs masyarakat: - Pemegang saham vs. stakeholder Pertanggungjawaban korporasi? - terminologies : corporate citizenship, business sustainability, corporate governance, CSR, etc.
C ORPORATE S TRUCTURE Perseroan Terbatas Komisaris Direksi RUPS DirectorOfficersEmployees Corporate Structure Internal corporate structure Saha m
A CCOUNTABILITY & RESPONSIBILITY ?
T REN REGULASI : TERMINOLOGI DAN IMPLIKASI D OES DIFFERENT TERM MATTER ? Pertanggungjawaban sosial korporasi (CSR) Pertanggungjawaban lingkungan HAM Hak-hak buruh atau pekerja Corporate Governance
SEMANTIK the quality or state of being accountable; esp ecially : an obligation or willingness to accept responsibility or to accountfor one's actions
C ORPORATE RESPONSIBILITY / ACCOUNTABILITY Refer to varied practices that reflect the belief that corporations have responsibilities beyond generating profit for their shareholders. Such responsibilities are generally considered to extend not only to direct social and environmental impacts of business activity, but also to more indirect effects resulting from relationships with business partners, such as those involved in global production chains. voluntary approaches, albeit those supported by market based incentives corporate behavior is influenced by pressure exerted by social and governmental actors beyond the company itself Such actors can adopt a range of strategies, including but not limited to the mobilisation of legal mechanisms to enforce social standards. The act of being accountable to the stakeholders of an organization, which may include shareholders, employees, suppliers, custo mers, the local community, and even the particular country(s) that the firm operates in. In most jurisdictions, a body of corporate law has been developed in order to formalize these requirements.actaccountablestakeholdersorganizationshareholdersemployeessupplierscusto merslocal communityoperatesjurisdictionscorporate lawdevelopedorderrequirements Corporate accountability can be defined as the ability of those affected by a corporation to control that corporation’s operations. Corporate ResponsibilityCorporate Accountability
Y OU OR I: B EYOND THE MAGIC BULLET Flexible & progressive- Sesuai dengan kebutuhan Informal approach - Dapat diterima- resistensi sedikit : self driven Mudah diamandemen Tidak semua mematuhi – diversity of standard Kurang mekanisme pelaksanaan Mempunyai kekuatan hukum Ada mekanisme pelaksanaan & pemulihan (liability) Uniformity kepatuhan Tidak fleksibel dan tidak mudah diamandemen. Ethical/social ApproachLegal Approach
C ORPORATE A CCOUNTABILITY Understanding: Corporate accountability can be defined as the ability of those affected by a corporation to control that corporation’s operations or to hold accountable corporation’s operation. Unsur: - stakeholders - Rules/Norma & Mekanisme - disclosure & transparancy - Pemulihan
B AD THINGS HAPPEN !!!!!!
A NALISA SOSIAL UNTUK PELAKU USAHA Siapa pelaku? Siapa stakeholder? Siapa yang paling diuntungkan? who Perbuatan? Kesalahan? What Mekanisme pemulihan? transparansi? Pemulihan? How
T HINK OUTSIDE THE BOX Rules : - pelibatan stakeholder - transparancy Mekanisme Mekanisme pemulihan Resources transparansi PencegahanRepressive