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Regular Pap smears can save your life. Cervical cancer affects more South African women than any other cancer.

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Presentation on theme: "Regular Pap smears can save your life. Cervical cancer affects more South African women than any other cancer."— Presentation transcript:

1 Regular Pap smears can save your life

2 Cervical cancer affects more South African women than any other cancer

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4 What is cervical cancer? The cervix is the lower part or mouth of the uterus (womb) It is one of the most common cancers among South African women Cervical cancer does not develop suddenly There is a gradual change from normal cervical cells, through various levels of abnormality, to pre- cancer lesions and eventually to cancer This whole process can take many years Cervical cancer does not develop suddenly There is a gradual change from normal cervical cells, through various levels of abnormality, to pre- cancer lesions and eventually to cancer This whole process can take many years

5 What is a Pap smear? A pap smear is a procedure that is done to detect early cell changes in the neck of the womb By having pap smears regularly, treatment can be given at an early stage and so prevent the development of advanced cervical cancer Although some women may experience discomfort, a pap smear is usually quick and painless

6 If abnormal cells are detected, you will be referred for treatment to prevent development of cancer of the cervix How is a Pap smear done? To allow for a visual inspection of the vagina and cervix and to enable the easy collection of cervical cells from the entrance of the womb, a medical practitioner inserts an instrument called a speculum into the vaginal canal Cervical cells are then collected from the surface of the cervix with a small wooden spatula or a small cervical brush The cells are put onto a glass slide which is then sent to a laboratory for examination under a microscope

7 What is CANSA doing to help?

8 Let’s talk numbers In the past year, CANSA screened women for cervical cancer CANSA also facilitated an additional Pap smears in partnership with the Department of Health

9 One of CANSA’s mobile clinics creating awareness and doing free screening in the Clanwilliam district

10 One of CANSA’s mobile clinics creating awareness and doing free screening in the Northern Free State

11 Are you at risk for cervical cancer?

12 You have an increased risk for cervical cancer if...

13 What is HPV? Human Papillomaviruses (HPVs) is a group of more than 100 related viruses HPVs are transmitted via skin-to-skin contact and body fluids About 40 HPV types are sexually transmitted and spread through genital contact Some HPVs, such as those that cause the common warts that grow on hands and feet, do not spread easily It has been estimated that HPV infection accounts for approximately 5% of all cancers worldwide

14 What is HPV? About 15 high-risk HPV types (also called oncogenic or carcinogenic HPVs) have been identified HPV vaccines prevents infection with certain HPV types, such as those associated with the development of cervical cancer, genital warts, and some less common cancers Speak to your medical practitioner for more information about available vaccines High risk HPV is estimated to cause... 70% of cervical cancers 70% of anal cancers 50% of vaginal and vulvar cancers 50% of penile cancers 20% of head and neck cancers High risk HPV is estimated to cause... 70% of cervical cancers 70% of anal cancers 50% of vaginal and vulvar cancers 50% of penile cancers 20% of head and neck cancers

15 You have an increased risk for cervical cancer if...

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20 Just remember... If you have a number of risk factors, find out from your health practitioner or CANSA Care Centre what you can do to reduce your risk The more risk factors you have, the greater your likelihood of developing cervical cancer It is possible to develop cervical cancer with or without the risk factors we’ve discussed

21 Cervical screening is available at CANSA’s Mobile Clinics and Care Centres country-wide

22 Join the fight against cervical cancer... Get screened Make a donation Become a member Sign up as a volunteer

23 To assist CANSA expand its cancer screening programmes, please consider making a donation at any of our more than 50 CANSA Care Centres country-wide

24 Any questions? Toll-Free


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