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Lesson BGrammar Focus GRAMMAR : Modal Verbs: ‘will’, ‘would’ and ‘may’ 1. Will is often shortened to ‘ll and the negative form is won’t. 1.1. When talking.

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Presentation on theme: "Lesson BGrammar Focus GRAMMAR : Modal Verbs: ‘will’, ‘would’ and ‘may’ 1. Will is often shortened to ‘ll and the negative form is won’t. 1.1. When talking."— Presentation transcript:

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2 Lesson BGrammar Focus GRAMMAR : Modal Verbs: ‘will’, ‘would’ and ‘may’ 1. Will is often shortened to ‘ll and the negative form is won’t When talking about future events we use ‘will + infinitive’, the future simple tense. Example :- Lunch will be ready in five minutes. 1.2 We use ‘will have to’ in the meaning of ‘must’. Examples :- You’ll have to hurry. - What will you have to eat?

3 Lesson BGrammar Focus GRAMMAR : Modal Verbs: ‘will’, ‘would’ and ‘may’ 1. Will is often shortened to ‘ll and the negative form is won’t When talking about future events we use ‘will + infinitive’, the future simple tense. Example :- Lunch will be ready in five minutes. 1.2 We use ‘will have to’ in the meaning of ‘must’. Examples :- You’ll have to hurry. - What will you have to eat?

4 Lesson BGrammar Focus 1.3We use ‘I’ll’ to offer to do something. Examples : -OK., I’ll ring you tomorrow. -I’ll show you my new book. 1.4We use ‘will’ to persuade somebody to do something. Examples : -Will you have coffee?

5 Lesson BGrammar Focus Grammar Focus 1.5Would : the shortened form is ‘d ‘ and the negative form is ‘wouldn’t’. We use ‘would’ with a polite request. Examples: -Would you mind turning the radio down? -Would you please leave the room? 1.6We use ‘would’ with a suggestion. Examples: -Would you like to join us?

6 Lesson BGrammar Focus Grammar Focus 1.7We use ‘I’d like’ (I would like), followed by a ‘to-infinitive’ or a noun group to make a request. Examples: -I would like to ask for your help. -I’d love strong coffee, please.

7 Lesson BGrammar Focus Grammar Focus 2.May : the negative form is ‘may not’. 2.1We use ‘May I’ to request permission. Examples: -May I use your telephone? -May I smoke? -May I use your car this evening?

8 Lesson BGrammar Focus 2.2 To give permission or to ask permission to do something. Examples: - You may smoke if you like. -May I come in? -Yes, please do. 2.3 We use ‘May I have’ to ask for something. Examples: -May I have the salt, please?

9 Lesson BGrammar Focus Summary Grammar Focus Would you like something to drink? Yes, please.I’d like coffee. Could I have coffee? What would you like to drink? I would like an orange drink. I’d love a cup of coffee, thanks Would you…? is more common and is often considered more polite.

10 Lesson BGrammar Focus 1.Fill in the missing words in the sentences below. 1.A : ______ you like to order, sir? B : I’d _____ banana split. 2.A : _____ I take your order? B : Yes, I _____ have cream of chicken. 3.A : What vegetables __________ like? B : I think I _______ like carrots and cauliflowers. 4.A : OK. And what will you ______ to drink? B : Yes. I _______ love a cup of coffee, thanks. Would like May will would you would have would

11 Lesson BGrammar Focus 5.A : _______ you _____ a dessert? B : Yes. I _______ like pancake, please. 6.A : And _______ you like anything to drink, madam? B : Yes, I ____ have orange juice, please. 7.A : ____ you ready to order? B : I ____ have toast, butter and marmalade. Wouldlike would will Are will

12 Lesson BGrammar Focus 2.Complete the conversation below. Situation: Tony and Susan have gone to a very expensive restaurant. They are looking at the menu now. Susan : I hope we _________ made a mistake in coming here. I mean, we could have gone to a cheaper restaurant and had something like fish and chips. Tony : Fish and chips? I hate fish and chips! We eat fish and chips when we can’t afford anything else. (1) haven’t

13 Lesson BGrammar Focus Susan : Look. The waiter’s coming.__________, Tony. Waiter : Good evening. _______________________ Tony : Yes. I think. __________ the steak cooked in red wine and… Waiter : I’m terribly sorry, sir. ___________________. It’s coming in tomorrow. Tony : Oh! Well, I’ll order something else, then ___________________________, Susan? Susan : Yes. I’d like the ‘scampi provincale’. Waiter : Scampi, madam. I am really most awfully sorry, but we’re run out of scampi, too. (2) You order first (3) Are you ready to order, sir? (4) I will have (5) We’ve run out of steak (6) Have you made up your mind yet

14 Lesson BGrammar Focus Susan : Oh, dear! __________ I haven’t eaten scampi for a long time. Have you found something else, Tony? Tony : Yes. I’ll have the ‘real, Spanish style.’ Waiter : Oh? (laughing nervously) Now, that’s a pity, sir. It’s also coming tomorrow. Tony : Well, __________ the ‘Chef’s special chicken casserole,’ then? I suppose you’re run out of chicken, too! Waiter : Oh, no, sir but…ah… the person who can cook it has gone into hospital and is going to have an operation tomorrow. (7)What a pity! (8) What about

15 Lesson BGrammar Focus Tony : (Very angry now) Good lord! No steak, no scampi, no veal, not even a chef! ____________? Waiter : Well, sir, it’s not on the menu, but ________________. It’s very good, and I know because I’m doing the cooking myself. Tony : What’s that? Waiter : The fish and chips, sir. Take the fish and chips. ________________ it’s the only thing we have, sir. (10) What can we eat then (9) What about (11) I can recommend it


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