Asking Questions There are two kinds of questions in English: Yes/No questions Information questions
Like this… Yes/No questions: Are you happy? Yes, I am. Information questions: Why are you happy? I’m happy because I love studying grammar.
How to Make Yes/No Questions Statements: She is reading. We can talk. I haven’t eaten today. What is the subject? What is the verb? There are two parts to the verb. What are they?
Making questions with AUXILIARY VERBS main verb auxiliary verb She is reading. We can talk. I have eaten today.
Three Kinds of Auxiliaries 1. BE 2. HAVE This is the verb have. This is the auxiliary have. 3. MODALS will, can, may, must, should, would I have a dog. I have eaten. main verb auxiliary verb
How to Make Yes/No Questions She is reading. Is she reading? This is called an inversion! Inversion of the auxiliary and the subject
Questions We can talk. Can we talk? An inversion!
Questions I haven’t eaten today. Have n’t you eaten today? To learn more about inversion, look in your book An A-Z of English Grammar! What is this called?!
Auxiliary 1: BE with present participle (BE + V+ing) Mieko was working part-time. Was Mieko working part-time? We were watching a movie. Were you watching a movie? What’s the question?
Auxiliary 1: BE with the past participle ( BE + V + ed). Students are expected to study. Are students expected to study? This car was made in Japan. Was this car made in Japan? What’s the question?
Auxiliary 2: HAVE Remember: This is not the verb have. This is the auxiliary have. I have a dog. I have eaten.
Auxiliary 2: HAVE I have seen that movie. Have you seen that movie? He has been living in Tokyo. Has he been living in Tokyo? They had finished the test by 1:30. Had they finished the test by 1:30? What are the questions? with the past participle (HAVE + V + ed)
Auxiliary 3: Modals with the verb (modal + V) I can swim. Can you swim? He would like a cup of coffee. Would he like a cup of coffee? We should study more. Should we study more? What are the questions? Modals will can could may might must would should
But… My sister loves dogs. WHERE IS THE AUXILIARY?
When there’s no auxiliary… Q: _______________? A: Yes, she loves dogs.
Use do, does, did… Q: Does your sister love dogs? A: Yes, she loves dogs. short answer: Yes, she does.
Did you do it with “did?” Q: Did you watch it ? A: Yes, I watched it. short answer: Yes, I did.
The fourth auxiliary 1. BE 2. HAVE 3. MODALS 4. DO
Be careful! Is HAVE a main verb or an auxiliary verb? She has a sister. She has been to Osaka. If it’s a main verb, use do/does or did + S +V. If it’s an auxiliary verb, use an inversion: Main verb Auxiliary verb
Let’s try… She has a sister. Does she have a sister? Has she a sister? She has been to Osaka. Has she been to Osaka? Does she have been to Osaka? Main verb Auxiliary verb
Try again… I have a dog. _____________________? Have you a dog? I have eaten sushi. _____________________? Do you have eaten sushi? Main verb Auxiliary verb
Main verb or auxiliary verb? If it’s a main verb: main If it’s an auxiliary verb: aux 1. We have a lot of homework. 2. I have a pen. 3. She has done her best. 4. They have worked hard. 5. He has beautiful eyes. 6. They live in Covington. What are the questions? main aux
Do you have a lot of homework? Do you have a pen. Has she done her best? Have they worked hard? Does he have beautiful eyes? Do they live in Covington? What are the questions?
Can you remember? How do you make yes or no questions in English? Inversion of subject and auxiliary! BE, HAVE, MODALS, or DO
THAT’S YES/NO QUESTIONS! But wait! Who’s this guy?
Ask a yes/no question… 1.live in France? 2.married? 3.have got children? 1.Does Johnny Depp live in France? 2.Is he married? 3.Does he have children? Short Answer? Yes, he does. Yes, he is. Yes, he does.
Ask a yes/no question… Johnny Depp’s first movie was Nightmare on Elm Street. Was Johnny Depp’s first movie Nightmare on Elm Street? Short Answer? Yes, it was.
Ask a yes/no question… Does Johnny Depp star in a new movie? Short Answer? Yes, he does. Johnny Depp stars in a new movie.
Ask a yes/no question… Isn’t the new movie called Dead Man’s Chest? Short Answer? No, it isn’t. It’s Public Enemies. The new movie isn’t called Dead Man’s Chest?
HOMEWORK? Read about Inversions and Yes-No Questions in your A-Z! Write a grammar card that shows the main points! Do the handout. Bring it to class next week. Be careful! I will check your homework at the beginning of class. Have it ready!