Presentation on theme: "Asking Questions There are two kinds of questions in English:"— Presentation transcript:
1Asking Questions There are two kinds of questions in English: Yes/No questionsInformation questionsby Bridget Green
2Like this… Yes/No questions: Are you happy? Yes, I am. Information questions:Why are you happy?I’m happy because I love studying grammar.
3How to Make Yes/No Questions Statements:She is reading.We can talk.I haven’t eaten today.What is the subject?What is the verb?There are two parts to the verb. What are they?These are the ideas. You formed questions. How did you do it?How did you start?
4Making questions with AUXILIARY VERBS main verbShe is reading.We can talk.I have eaten today.
5Three Kinds of Auxiliaries BEHAVEThis is the verb have.This is the auxiliary have.MODALSwill, can, may, must, should, wouldmain verbauxiliary verbI have a dog.I have eaten.
6How to Make Yes/No Questions She is reading.Is she reading?These are the ideas. You formed questions. How did you do it?How did you start?This is called an inversion!Inversion of the auxiliary and the subject
7Questions We can talk. Can we talk? An inversion! These are the ideas. You formed questions. How did you do it?How did you start?An inversion!
8Questions I haven’t eaten today. Haven’t you eaten today? These are the ideas. You formed questions. How did you do it?How did you start?To learn more about inversion, look in your book An A-Z of English Grammar!What is this called?!
9Auxiliary 1: BE What’s the question? with present participle (BE + V+ing)Mieko was working part-time.Was Mieko working part-time?We were watching a movie.Were you watching a movie?What’s the question?
10Auxiliary 1: BE What’s the question? with the past participle ( BE + V + ed).Students are expected to study.Are students expected to study?This car was made in Japan.Was this car made in Japan?What’s the question?
11This is not the verb have. This is the auxiliary have. Remember:This is not the verb have.This is the auxiliary have.I have a dog.I have eaten.
12Auxiliary 2: HAVE What are the questions? with the past participle (HAVE + V + ed)I have seen that movie.Have you seen that movie?He has been living in Tokyo.Has he been living in Tokyo?They had finished the test by 1:30.Had they finished the test by 1:30?What are the questions?
13Auxiliary 3: Modals What are the questions? with the verb (modal + V) I can swim.Can you swim?He would like a cup of coffee.Would he like a cup of coffee?We should study more.Should we study more?ModalswillcancouldmaymightmustwouldshouldWhat are the questions?
14But…My sister loves dogs.WHERE IS THE AUXILIARY?
15When there’s no auxiliary… Q: _______________?A: Yes, she loves dogs.
16Use do, does, did… Q: Does your sister love dogs? A: Yes, she loves dogs.short answer:Yes, she does.
20Be careful! Is HAVE a main verb or an auxiliary verb? She has a sister.She has been to Osaka.If it’s a main verb, use do/does or did + S +V.If it’s an auxiliary verb, use an inversion:Main verbAuxiliary verb
21Let’s try… She has a sister. Does she have a sister? Has she a sister? She has been to Osaka.Has she been to Osaka?Does she have been to Osaka?Main verbAuxiliary verb
22Try again… I have a dog. _____________________? Have you a dog? I have eaten sushi.Do you have eaten sushi?Main verbAuxiliary verb
23Main verb or auxiliary verb? If it’s a main verb: mainIf it’s an auxiliary verb: auxWe have a lot of homework.I have a pen.She has done her best.They have worked hard.He has beautiful eyes.They live in Covington.mainmainauxauxmainmainWhat are the questions?
24What are the questions? Do you have a lot of homework? Do you have a pen.Has she done her best?Have they worked hard?Does he have beautiful eyes?Do they live in Covington?
25Can you remember? BE, HAVE, MODALS, or DO How do you make yes or no questions in English?Inversion of subject and auxiliary!BE, HAVE, MODALS, or DO
26THAT’S YES/NO QUESTIONS! But wait! Who’s this guy?
28Ask a yes/no question… live in France? married? have got children? Short Answer?Yes, he does.Yes, he is.Does Johnny Depp live in France?Is he married?Does he have children?
29Ask a yes/no question… Yes, it was. Johnny Depp’s first movie was Nightmare on Elm Street.Was Johnny Depp’s first movie Nightmare on Elm Street?Short Answer?Yes, it was.
30Johnny Depp stars in a new movie. Ask a yes/no question…Johnny Depp stars in a new movie.Does Johnny Depp star in a new movie?Short Answer?Yes, he does.
31The new movie isn’t called Dead Man’s Chest? Ask a yes/no question…The new movie isn’t called Dead Man’s Chest?Isn’t the new movie called Dead Man’s Chest?Short Answer?No, it isn’t. It’s Public Enemies.
32HOMEWORK?Read about Inversions and Yes-No Questions in your A-Z! Write a grammar card that shows the main points!Do the handout. Bring it to class next week.Be careful! I will check your homework at the beginning of class. Have it ready!