Presentation on theme: "Using The Present Perfect Unit 11. How to form a present perfect When to use a present perfect."— Presentation transcript:
Using The Present Perfect Unit 11
How to form a present perfect When to use a present perfect
Conjugate the verb ‘to have’ Singular I have You have He has She has It has Plural We have You have They have Verb forms Regular verbs Irregular verbs These will be important in present perfect. (verb) + ed example : see saw
Have you finished the test? Yes, we have taken the test. The teacher has graded our test. I have studied a lot. She had never studied. So, she’s failed.
Regular verbs Subject + have / has + past participle (verb + ed) Singular (have / has) I have worked there. You have listened carefully. He has cleaned his room. She has placed it on the floor. It has snowed. Plural (have) They have walked to school. We have finished our homework. You have printed the paper already. We have watched enough TV. They have played soccer.
Verbs ending in an –’e’ (live, close, wipe) Subject + have / has + past participle I have lived here for a long time now. She has closed the door. They have wiped the floor. (verb + d)
Verbs ending in an –’y’ (spy, study, carry) Subject + have /has + past participle He has spied on his brother. We have studied hard. They have carried all bags to the hotel. (change ‘y' to ‘i’ + ed) NOTE : Only do this for verbs with a consonant before ‘y’ play stay enjoy played stayed enjoyed Word such as: crycry copy worry cried copied worried Word such as: (Do not change)(Change “y” to “i”)
Irregular verbs Subject + have / has + past participle (special form) walk clean talk print walked cleaned talked printed Regular verbsIrregular verbs see go take buy saw went took bought seen gone taken bought
Irregular Verbs and their past participle PresentPastPast Participle beginbeganbegun singsangsung wearworeworn PresentPastPast Participle write written read breakbrokebroken givegavegiven gowentgone buybought forgetforgotforgotten eatateeaten cut seesawseen bebeen
Irregular verbs Subject + have / has + past participle (special form) I have built that table with my own two hands. (to build) She has bought some flowers at the market. (to buy) We have ran several marathons. (to run)
past participle Subject + She has exercised today. Has she exercised today? You have fixed your car. Have you fixed your car? have / has + Has he eaten kim chi? Have they paid for dinner? Has she quit her job? Regular Verbs Irregular Verbs He has eaten kim chi. They have paid for dinner. She has quit her job.
stayed in a pension? worked in a coffee shop? traveled alone? played cricket? used an iPad? been to Tokyo? (to go) read this book? (read) ridden a motorcycle? (ride) eaten Mexican food? (eat) taken the TOEIC exam?(take) Common English Question regular verbs -edirregular verbs (done something even one time) YES or NO
Subject + have / has + not (haven’t/hasn’t) + past participle I haven’t listened to the news. It hasn’t rained in ten days. They haven’t cleaned the house. Regular Verbs Irregular Verbs We haven’t met before. (to meet) She hasn’t seen the movie. (to see) The puppy hasn’t eaten today. (to eat)
Subject + have / has + She has never traveled abroad. He has never dated anyone. My father has never cleaned the house before. Regular Verbs Irregular Verbs They have never been to that restaurant. I have never eaten lobster. Jose has never driven a motorcycle. never+ past participle not (haven’t/hasn’t) + past participle I haven’t listened to the news. It hasn’t rained in ten days. They haven’t cleaned the house. We haven’t met before. (to meet) She hasn’t seen the movie. (to see) The puppy hasn’t eaten today. (to eat) (never = not even one time)
Where is Suji? There’s Suji! She looks so tan. (Suji went to Brazil, and is now back) “been” is used to show the experience is now finished. same Plans to in the future. Started in the past and continuing Anytime in the past
Use 1 Things that happened in the past. The time is not important. Present In these sentences the action is the focus. When the action happened is not important. He has lived in Korea. We have studied English. I’ve been here.
He has lived in Korea. We have studied English. I’ve been here. He has lived in Korea for 5 years. We have studied English since middle school. I’ve been here in Use 2 Things that started in the past AND continue till now. Present In these sentences the time is the focus. Also note: The actions have started AND are still happening.
So far, I have seen Psy in concert 3 times. She has traveled to Europe twice so far. They’ve eaten here several times before. We haven’t found a nice place to live, so far. Use 3 Talk about how many times you’ve done something in the past Present In these sentences the how many times is the focus. Also note: Saying “so far” is common in these styles of sentences. Saying “so far” shows it can happen again in the future.