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Update: Federal Motor Carrier Safety Administration (FMCSA) Women in Buses Council American Bus Association September 17, 2014 Elaine Papp, RN, MSN, COHN-S,

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Presentation on theme: "Update: Federal Motor Carrier Safety Administration (FMCSA) Women in Buses Council American Bus Association September 17, 2014 Elaine Papp, RN, MSN, COHN-S,"— Presentation transcript:

1 Update: Federal Motor Carrier Safety Administration (FMCSA) Women in Buses Council American Bus Association September 17, 2014 Elaine Papp, RN, MSN, COHN-S, FAAOHN Chief, Medical Programs Division

2 Agenda Overview of FMCSA Medical Programs and Medical Certification Requirements National Registry of Certified Medical Examiners Medical Exemptions Online tools 2

3 FMCSA Mission The Federal Motor Carrier Safety Administration is focused on reducing crashes, injuries, and fatalities involving large trucks and buses. 3

4 Interstate or Intrastate Defined by transportation of goods:  Interstate commerce, transports people or goods across a state line  Example -- Federal Express driver  Intrastate commerce, transports people or goods within the state  Example -- A gravel truck driver -- gravel from a quarry within a state to businesses in the same state 4

5 Truck and Bus Driver Statistics 3.5 million active interstate drivers  3 million CDL holders Approx. 539,033 active interstate motor carriers 5

6 U.S. Department of Transportation (DOT) Interstate Traffic Crash Statistics 2012 PersonsLarge Truck Crashes Bus Crashes Large Truck and Bus Crashes All Vehicle Crashes Fatalities3, ,70230,800 Injuries73,00012,00085,0001,634,000 6

7 Medical Program Activities Rulemaking/Guidance Development Research  Medical Review Board  Medical Expert Panels  Evidence Reports Compliance Assistance Medical Exemptions/Variances  Vision, Diabetes, Hearing, Seizure  Skill Performance Evaluation (SPE)  Agency has requested public comment on exemption applications for seizure conditions and hearing loss 7

8 Purpose of the Medical Certification Examination Determine a driver's physical qualification to operate a commercial motor vehicle (CMV)  Interstate commerce  49 CFR Med Cert/CDL Rule  Driver must provide MEC to SDLA to obtain or maintain commercial driver’s license 8

9 Medical Examiner Responsibilities Knowledgeable about:  Physical and mental demands of CMV driver job duties  FMCSA regulations, including guidance Use of medical protocols Make medical determinations based on FMCSA regulations and advisory criteria 9

10 National Registry of Certified Medical Examiners (National Registry) 10

11 National Registry Background New regulation - Published April 20, 2012 Requires medical examiners:  Complete training  Pass a test  Periodic training and testing  Maintain licensure  Report completed CMV driver examinations monthly Compliance Date – May 21, 2014  All CMV drivers must use a ME on the National Registry  Medical certificates issued prior to May 21, 2014 are valid until the expiration date 11

12 National Registry Statistics As of September 15, 2014 ■ 57,924 ME - registered but haven’t taken test  35,483 ME – passed test, not yet certified  34,819 ME – certified on registry ■ National Registry is working  Finding ME fraud ■Be sure to check the National Registry for your ME’s certification ■If ME not certified – driver needs a different ME 12

13 Regulations and Advisory Criteria Regulations  Mandatory Advisory Criteria  Assist the Medical Examiner in making individual determination of physical fitness for driving 13

14 Medical Exemption Programs Federal Diabetes Exemption Program Federal Vision Exemption Program Hearing Exemptions Seizure Exemptions Skill Performance Evaluation Certificate Program 14

15 Federal Diabetes Exemption Program Exemptions for drivers who have insulin-dependent diabetes mellitus Drivers submit application  Medical information showing their diabetes is under control To maintain exemption, drivers submit quarterly monitoring reports Diabetes exemption application can be found at: https://www.fmcsa.dot.gov/rules-regulations/topics/medical/exemptions.htmhttps://www.fmcsa.dot.gov/rules-regulations/topics/medical/exemptions.htm or call (703)

16 Federal Federal Vision Exemption Program One eye does not meet the minimum vision requirements Better eye must meet the minimum vision standard Drivers submit application  Medical information showing driver is able to meet all other physical requirements  Experience driving with vision deficiency  Crash/violation history  Vision exemption application can be found at https://www.fmcsa.dot.gov/rules-regulations/topics/medical/exemptions.htm https://www.fmcsa.dot.gov/rules-regulations/topics/medical/exemptions.htm or call (703)

17 Federal Federal Hearing Exemption Program Driver must perceive forced whisper in better ear at not less than 5 feet with or without hearing aid or no hearing loss in better in greater than 40 decibels at 500, 1,000 and 2,000 Hz with or without hearing aid Driver may apply for an exemption by contacting the Medical Programs Division at FMCSA (202)

18 Federal Federal Seizure Exemption Program Disqualified from operating in interstate commerce 49 CFR (b)(8) May be considered for exemption based on number of years:  Since last seizure, stable on anti-seizure medication, medical history Exemption determinations are based on a case-by-case review Driver may apply for an exemption by contacting the Medical Programs Division at FMCSA (202)

19 Skill Performance Evaluation (SPE) Driver with loss or fixed limb impairment Evaluation of driving skills Driver completes application process including  Assessment and evaluation by an Orthopedic Surgeon or Physiatrist  Medical examination certification that designates he is otherwise qualified except for completion of the SPE 19

20 OSA Congressional action  Public Law ■ Signed into law October 2013  Requires Agency to develop regulation on OSA before issuing new guidance ■What does the Agency say about OSA?

21 OSA Included in respiratory dysfunction regulation 49 CFR (b)(5) Advisory criteria  Respiratory dysfunction MRB/MCSAC Recommendations to Agency  Two-pronged approach Interim - guidance Long-term - rulemaking Agency has not taken action on MRB/MCSC recommendations

22 OSA ■Focus for ME  Use medical protocols/standards of clinical care to determine physical qualification ■ Like all other medical conditions  Consider the actual risk of sudden or gradual incapacitation  Undiagnosed OSA with risk factors ■ Consider issuing short-term medical card for testing and treatment  Driver diagnosed and successfully treated ■ Demonstrated compliance with treatment  Letter from treating clinician  CPAP recorder printout  Dental device tracking printout or other

23 Online Tools You may access the following on the the FMCSA website:  Evidence Reports  Medical Expert Panel Reports  Medical Review Board (MRB) Recommendations  Medical Examiner’s Handbook (pdf version) 23

24 Contact Information Federal Motor Carrier Safety Administration, Medical Programs Division U.S. Department of Transportation Washington, D.C. Phone: (202) Fax: (202) Medical Programs regulations/topics/medical/medical.htm regulations/topics/medical/medical.htm National Registry Website 24


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