2Nelson Mandela was born July 18, 1918 in South Africa. He was one of13children.His father died when he was nine years old.
3Mandela is the first in his family to go to school. While in school, he meetsOliver Tambo And Walter Sisulu.
4Walter Sisulu loans Nelson Mandela money to go to Law School
5In 1944 Mandela, Sisulu, and Tambo work together to help create the ANC Youth League. Mandela did not achieve greatness alone; he was influenced and supported by many people who worked alongside him during the struggle. His achievements would not have been possible without the influence and support of his comrades in the struggle for Freedom.
6A.N.C. African National Congress South African Black political party who organized:BoycottsStrikesMarchesOccasional Violence
7In 1948,The Afrikaner Nationalist Party begins “Apartheid”. Races have separate living areas, toilets, parks, beaches,and schools.Only whites have political power.
8ApartheidApartheid means apartness, and it was the official policy of racial segregation practiced in South Africa.
9Mandela meets social worker Winnie Madikizela and he divorces his first wife and marries Winnie in 1958.Mandela is first arrested in and he is forced to work secretly “underground”In 1956 Mandela, Tambo, Sisulu, & 153 others are arrested and charged with treason. All are released due to “No Violence” on their part.
10ApartheidNon-whites were extremely mistreated: -Limited where they could live and travel. -They could only hold certain jobs. -Some weren’t allowed to attend school. -Mistreated by the government.
11The Effects of Apartheid The effects of apartheid linger in today’s South Africa. Whites have better jobs, more money, and a much better standard of living. Many blacks still live in very poor, segregated areas far from cities. Poverty and unemployment remain high for the blacks.
121960 The ANC and Mandela go underground International protests beginGovernment introducesnew harsher lawsenforced by the military.Mandela is forced to hidefrom the government.
13ANC decides to use violence Under Mandela’sleadership, theANC launches acampaign ofsabotageagainst thegovernment.
141962 Mandela is arrested Mandela leaves the country to attend a freedomconference in Algeriawhere he receives militarytraining and weapons.When Mandela returns, he is arrested for leaving the country illegally and is sentenced to 5 years in prison.
151964 Rivonia TrialWhile in jail, police raid an ANC house and find weapons.Mandela, Sisulu,and others standtrial forsabotage againstthe government.
16June 11, 1964 Sentenced to life imprisonment “During my lifetime I have dedicated myself to this struggle of the African people. I have fought against white domination, and I have fought against black domination. I have cherished the ideal of a democratic and free society in which all persons live together in harmony and with equal opportunities. It is an ideal which I hope to live for and to achieve. But if needs be, it is an ideal for which I am prepared to die.” Nelson Mandela
17Prisoner 46664 Nelson Mandela was the 466th prisoner in 1964.
19Mandela is allowed only one visit from his wifeWinnie every six months.He is not allowed to seehis daughters for 10 years.While in prison, he consistently refuses to renounce his political beliefs in exchange for freedom. He becomes a focus of world attention and a symbol for South Africa’s struggle
201973 The UN declares apartheid “A Crime Against Humanity.”
211982 Mandela and Sisulu are transferred to Pollsmoor Prison
221985-1986 Economic Sanctions are placed against South Africa. US companies pull out of South Africa.companies leavecompanies leave.Inflation rises, standardsof living drop, and theviolence escalates.
23In 1986 “Secret talks” begin between Mandela and members of the government.
241988 Mandela is diagnosed with tuberculosis and is moved to Victor Verster Prison
251989 Mandela meets with President P.W. Botha President Botha doesn’t really want to listen to Mandela’s ideas.President Botha isnot really interestedin peace and thegovernmentforces his to resign
26F.W. DeKlerkAfter Botha resigned in 1989, F.W. DeKlerk took over as President and met with Mandela to discuss his release and steps to end apartheid.
27Sunday, February 11, 1990 Nelson Mandela is released.
30Oliver Tambo had a stroke and died on April 24, 1993 Oliver Tambo had a stroke and died on April 24, He did not live to see Mandela elected President.
31October 16, 1993 Mandela and DeKlerk awarded Nobel Peace Prize The world's most famous former prisoner and his ex-jailer - African National Congress President Nelson Mandela and South African President Frederik W. de Klerk - were jointly awarded the Nobel Peace Prize today for their efforts to dismantle the country's apartheid system of racial separation.
3320% voted for the National Party. 91% of the people voted.63% voted for the ANC20% voted for the National Party.
34May 9, 1994 Nelson Mandela is elected unanimously as President of South Africa. Nelson Mandela wasinaugurated as the firstpresident of the democraticSouth Africa on May 10, 1994.He was so light-hearted,so jubilant,he even danced on stage.
35March 19, 1996 Winnie & Nelson Mandela divorce. Winnie is connected to eight murders, among 10 other crimes, which supposedly occurred during the late 1980’s. In each murder case, someone else was originally blamed, but suspicions that Winnie was involved have brought up new questions and trials against her. Among the most significant accusations are the charges that she ordered the kidnapping and murder of Stompie Moeketsi.
36July 18, 1998 On his 80th birthday, Nelson Mandela married Graca Machel
37He continued to be active in global affairs until 2004. Mandela Retires in 1999Mandela completed his five-year term as South Africa's President before handing over to Vice-PresidentThabo Mbeki.He continued to be active in global affairs until 2004.
38Walter Sisulu dies May 6, 2003 He was 90. Walter Sisulu, the quiet giant of South Africa'santi-apartheid struggle for five decades, has died after along illness.He was 90.
39February 18, 2008 Nelson Mandela Celebrates his 90th Birthday!
40Today, Nelson Mandela leads the fight to end poverty and AIDS in Africa. He recently celebrated his 90th birthday and he now lives happily ever after in a free South Africa.