Presentation on theme: "Nelson Mandela was born July 18, 1918 in South Africa. He was one of 13 children. His father died when he was nine years old."— Presentation transcript:
Nelson Mandela was born July 18, 1918 in South Africa. He was one of 13 children. His father died when he was nine years old.
Mandela is the first in his family to go to school. While in school, he meets Oliver Tambo And Walter Sisulu.
Walter Sisulu loans Nelson Mandela money to go to Law School Walter Sisulu
In 1944 Mandela, Sisulu, and Tambo work together to help create the ANC Youth League. Mandela did not achieve greatness alone; he was influenced and supported by many people who worked alongside him during the struggle. His achievements would not have been possible without the influence and support of his comrades in the struggle for Freedom.
A.N.C. African National Congress South African Black political party who organized: Boycotts Strikes Marches Occasional Violence
In 1948,The Afrikaner Nationalist Party begins “Apartheid”. Races have separate living areas, toilets, parks, beaches, and schools. Only whites have political power.
Apartheid Apartheid means apartness, and it was the official policy of racial segregation practiced in South Africa.
1952-1958 Mandela is first arrested in 1952 and he is forced to work secretly “underground” In 1956 Mandela, Tambo, Sisulu, & 153 others are arrested and charged with treason. All are released due to “No Violence” on their part. Mandela meets social worker Winnie Madikizela and he divorces his first wife and marries Winnie in 1958.
Apartheid Non-whites were extremely mistreated: -Limited where they could live and travel. -They could only hold certain jobs. -Some weren’t allowed to attend school. -Mistreated by the government.
The Effects of Apartheid The effects of apartheid linger in today’s South Africa. Whites have better jobs, more money, and a much better standard of living. Many blacks still live in very poor, segregated areas far from cities. Poverty and unemployment remain high for the blacks.
1960 The ANC and Mandela go underground International protests begin Government introduces new harsher laws enforced by the military. Mandela is forced to hide from the government.
ANC decides to use violence Under Mandela’s leadership, the ANC launches a campaign of sabotage against the government.
1962 Mandela is arrested Mandela leaves the country to attend a freedom conference in Algeria where he receives military training and weapons. When Mandela returns, he is arrested for leaving the country illegally and is sentenced to 5 years in prison.
1964 Rivonia Trial While in jail, police raid an ANC house and find weapons. Mandela, Sisulu, and others stand trial for sabotage against the government.
June 11, 1964 Sentenced to life imprisonment “During my lifetime I have dedicated myself to this struggle of the African people. I have fought against white domination, and I have fought against black domination. I have cherished the ideal of a democratic and free society in which all persons live together in harmony and with equal opportunities. It is an ideal which I hope to live for and to achieve. But if needs be, it is an ideal for which I am prepared to die.” -Nelson Mandela
Prisoner 46664 Nelson Mandela was the 466 th prisoner in 1964.
They are incarcerated at Robben Island Prison
Mandela is allowed only one visit from his wife Winnie every six months. He is not allowed to see his daughters for 10 years. While in prison, he consistently refuses to renounce his political beliefs in exchange for freedom. He becomes a focus of world attention and a symbol for South Africa’s struggle
1973 The UN declares apartheid “A Crime Against Humanity.”
1982 Mandela and Sisulu are transferred to Pollsmoor Prison
1985-1986 Economic Sanctions are placed against South Africa. US companies pull out of South Africa. 1984- 40 companies leave 1985- 50 companies leave. Inflation rises, standards of living drop, and the violence escalates.
In 1986 “Secret talks” begin between Mandela and members of the government.
1988 Mandela is diagnosed with tuberculosis and is moved to Victor Verster Prison
1989 Mandela meets with President P.W. Botha President Botha doesn’t really want to listen to Mandela’s ideas. President Botha is not really interested in peace and the government forces his to resign
F.W. DeKlerk After Botha resigned in 1989, F.W. DeKlerk took over as President and met with Mandela to discuss his release and steps to end apartheid.
Sunday, February 11, 1990 Nelson Mandela is released.
Nelson Mandela was called “Madiba”
Nelson and Winnie walk out of prison.
Oliver Tambo had a stroke and died on April 24, 1993. He did not live to see Mandela elected President.
October 16, 1993 Mandela and DeKlerk awarded Nobel Peace Prize The world's most famous former prisoner and his ex-jailer - African National Congress President Nelson Mandela and South African President Frederik W. de Klerk - were jointly awarded the 1993 Nobel Peace Prize today for their efforts to dismantle the country's apartheid system of racial separation.
April 26-30, 1994 South Africa’s 1 st truly multiracial democratic elections are held.
91% of the people voted. 63% voted for the ANC 20% voted for the National Party.
May 9, 1994 Nelson Mandela is elected unanimously as President of South Africa. Nelson Mandela was inaugurated as the first president of the democratic South Africa on May 10, 1994. He was so light-hearted, so jubilant, he even danced on stage.
March 19, 1996 Winnie & Nelson Mandela divorce. Winnie is connected to eight murders, among 10 other crimes, which supposedly occurred during the late 1980’s. In each murder case, someone else was originally blamed, but suspicions that Winnie was involved have brought up new questions and trials against her. Among the most significant accusations are the charges that she ordered the kidnapping and murder of Stompie Moeketsi.
July 18, 1998 On his 80th birthday, Nelson Mandela married Graca Machel
Mandela Retires in 1999 Mandela completed his five-year term as South Africa's President before handing over to Vice-President Thabo Mbeki. He continued to be active in global affairs until 2004.
Walter Sisulu dies May 6, 2003 Walter Sisulu, the quiet giant of South Africa's anti-apartheid struggle for five decades, has died after a long illness. He was 90.
February 18, 2008 Nelson Mandela Celebrates his 90 th Birthday!
Today, Nelson Mandela leads the fight to end poverty and AIDS in Africa. He recently celebrated his 90 th birthday and he now lives happily ever after in a free South Africa.