5Education Probably attended King’s New School in Stratford Little known about his childhoodNo information about his person, other than his marriage license, grave stone epithet, court documents, business contracts, and property deeds.
7Married LifeMarried in 1582 to Anne Hathaway (26), who was pregnant at the time with their first daughter (Susanna)He was 18!Had twins in 1585 (Hamnet & Judith)Sometime between , he moved to London and began working in theatre.
13Clothes One set used all year long, rarely washed Underclothing slept in, infrequently changed
14Theater Career Performed in courtyards of inns The Theater-first public theater-1576Daytime/open airLimited set designRelied on music, sound, costumes, props and great description
15TheatreMember and later part-owner of the Lord Chamberlain’s Men, later called the King’s MenGlobe Theater built in 1599 by L.C.M. with Shakespeare as primary investorWas three-stories high and had no roof.Could together hold more than 1,500 people.In 1613, during a performance of Henry VIII, a misfired canon ball set the Globe's thatched roof on fire and the whole theatre was consumed.
24Shakespeare’s deathThe cause of Shakespeare's death is a mystery, but an entry in the diary of John Ward, the vicar of Holy Trinity Church in Stratford (where Shakespeare is buried), tells us that "Shakespeare, Drayton, and Ben Jonson had a merry meeting and it seems drank too hard, for Shakespeare died of a fever there contracted."He was 52.He is buried at Holy Trinity Church in his birthplace of Stratford.
25Shakespeare’s epitaph An epitaph is an inscription on or at a tomb or a grave in memory of the one buried there.Shakespeare also wrote his own epitaph because during his time, when the graveyard was full, people would dig up someone's corpse and burn it so that another could be buried in that person's place. This disgusted Shakespeare, and he didn't want this type of disrespect after his death. His epitaph reads as follows:Good Friends, for Jesus' sake forbear, To dig the bones enclosed here! Blest be the man that spares these stones, And curst be he that moves my bones."
26Theatrical Conventions of Shakespeare's Theatre Use of disguises/mistaken identityLast speaker—highest inrank (in tragedies)Multiple murders(in tragedies)Multiple marriages(in comedies)
27What is the English that Shakespeare used?? It makes no sense…
28Shakespeare’s Language Shakespeare did NOT write in “Old English.”Old English is the language of Beowulf:Hwaet! We Gardena in geardagumÞeodcyninga Þrym gefrunonHu ða æÞelingas ellen fremedon!
29Shakespeare’s Language Shakespeare did not write in “Middle English.”Middle English is the language of Chaucer, theauthor of The Canterbury Tales:Whan that Aprill, with his shoures soote The droghte of March hath perced to the roote And bathed every veyne in swich licour, Of which vertu engendred is the flour;
30The General Prologue Original Middle English: Whan that Aprill, with his shoures soote The droghte of March hath perced to the roote And bathed every veyne in swich licour, Of which vertu engendred is the flour;Modern TranslationWhen fair April with his showers sweet, Has pierced the drought of March to the root's feet And bathed each vein in liquid of such power, Its strength creates the newly springing flower;
31Shakespeare’s Language Shakespeare wrote in “Early Modern English.”EME was not very different from “Modern English,” except that it had some old holdovers.The Shakespeare Glossary
32Omissions Again, for the sake of his poetry, Shakespeare often left out letters, syllables, and whole words. These omissions really aren't that much different from the way we speak today. We say:"Been to class yet?" "No. Heard Miss R’s givin' a test." "Wha'sup wi'that?“We leave out words and parts of words to speed up our speech. If we were speaking in complete sentences, we would say:"Have you been to class yet?" "No, I have not been to class. I heard that Mrs. Raaf is giving a test today." "What is up with that?"
33A few examples of Shakespearean omissions/contractions follow: 'tis ~ it is ope ~ open o'er ~ over gi' ~ give ne'er ~ neveri' ~ in e'er ~ ever oft ~ often e'en ~ even
34Blank Verse: unrhymed iambic pentameter. Shakespeare’s PoetryWe speak in prose (language without metrical structure). Shakespeare wrote both prose and poetry (verse). To understand his poetry , we need to understand these terms:Blank Verse: unrhymed iambic pentameter.Iambic Pentameter: five beats of alternating unstressed and stressed syllables; ten syllables per line.
35Shakespeare’s Language Shakespeare coined many words we still use today:CriticalMajesticDwindleFashionableEmbrace (as a noun)Vulnerable
36Shakespeare’s Language one fell swoopflesh and bloodvanish into thin airpomp and circumstanceseen better daysa sorry sightneither rhyme nor reasonfull circledead as a doornailfor goodness sakegreen-eyed monster
37Shakespeare’s Language A mix of old and very newRural and urban words/imagesUnderstandable by the lowest peasant and the highest noble
39A theatrical convention is a Theatrical Conventionsof Shakespeare's TheatreA theatrical convention is asuspension of reality.No electricityWomen forbiddento act on stageMinimal, contemporarycostumesMinimal sceneryThese control the dialogue. Good dialogue is key!
40Theatrical Conventions of Shakespeare's Theatre Types of speechSoliloquy- an extended speech, directed to the audience rather than to other characters, in which the speaker explores their thoughts and feelings.Aside- Words an actor speaks to the audience which other actors on the stage cannot hear. Sometimes the actor cups his mouth toward the audience or turns away from the other actors. An aside serves to reveal a character's thoughts or concerns to the audience without revealing them to other characters in a play.Audience loves to be scared.Blood and goreUse of supernatural
41Reading Shakespeare: A Review Unlocking Shakespeare's Language, by Randal RobinsonUnusual Word ArrangementsI ate the sandwich. I the sandwich ate. Ate the sandwich I. Ate I the sandwich. The sandwich I ate. The sandwich ate I.Robinson shows us that these four words can create six unique sentences which carry the same meaning. Locate the subject, verb, and the object of the sentence. Notice that the object of the sentence is often placed at the beginning (the sandwich) in front of the verb (ate) and subject (I). Rearrange the words in the order that makes the most sense to you (I ate the sandwich).