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Sam Houston Organizes a Government UNIT 6: (Chapter 12-Section 1)

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Presentation on theme: "Sam Houston Organizes a Government UNIT 6: (Chapter 12-Section 1)"— Presentation transcript:

1 Sam Houston Organizes a Government UNIT 6: (Chapter 12-Section 1)

2 Houston Forms a Government September 1836: Texans elected Sam Houston president and Mirabeau B. Lamar as vice president. September 1836: Texans elected Sam Houston president and Mirabeau B. Lamar as vice president. Texans approved the Constitution of Texans approved the Constitution of Proposed that Texas join the United States. Proposed that Texas join the United States. Houston was chosen as the capital for three years. Houston was chosen as the capital for three years.

3 President Sam Houston Vice President Mirabeau Lamar

4 Trouble with the Army Army commander Felix Huston wanted to invade Mexico; Army had too much time on their hands Army commander Felix Huston wanted to invade Mexico; Army had too much time on their hands President Houston intervened and sent most of the soldiers home on furlough (extended leave) President Houston intervened and sent most of the soldiers home on furlough (extended leave)

5 Texas Favor Annexation Most Texans wanted immediate annexation to the United States Most Texans wanted immediate annexation to the United States Many Texans had come from the U.S. Many Texans had come from the U.S. Texas heavily in debt from the Texas Revolution Texas heavily in debt from the Texas Revolution Mexico still a threat and Texans wanted US protection. Mexico still a threat and Texans wanted US protection.

6 The United States Delays Annexation Annexation was delayed because the US did not want to damage relations with Mexico. Annexation was delayed because the US did not want to damage relations with Mexico. Antislavery groups in the United States did not want Texas to join the Union as a slave state. Antislavery groups in the United States did not want Texas to join the Union as a slave state.

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8 Recognition as a Nation March 3, 1837: President Andrew Jackson granted official recognition of Texas as a nation. March 3, 1837: President Andrew Jackson granted official recognition of Texas as a nation. Houston appointed J. Pinckney Henderson ambassador for Texas. Houston appointed J. Pinckney Henderson ambassador for Texas. Henderson arranged trade treaties with France and England. Henderson arranged trade treaties with France and England. J. Pinckney Henderson Ambassador of the Republic of Texas

9 Native American and Texan Conflicts During war, Cherokee promised to remain peaceful in return for rights to their land (a treaty made). During war, Cherokee promised to remain peaceful in return for rights to their land (a treaty made). The Texas Senate later refused to honor that treaty. The Texas Senate later refused to honor that treaty.

10 Indian Affairs Treaties violated by Texas Congress Treaties violated by Texas Congress Pretended war-time representatives didn’t have authority in Republic of Texas Pretended war-time representatives didn’t have authority in Republic of Texas Texas settlers are moving West Texas settlers are moving West Big increase after revolution Big increase after revolution They take Comanche lands They take Comanche lands

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12 Reprisal Raids Begin Begin Most famous is on Fort Parker and Parker Farm Most famous is on Fort Parker and Parker Farm Cynthia Ann Parker- girl of about 12, captured with others in Cynthia Ann Parker- girl of about 12, captured with others in 1837.

13 Texas Debt Soars Texas Congress wants to collect owed debt and take care of unpaid bills from Texas Revolution To raise money, they create: TARIFFS on imported goods Taxes on property Taxes on businesses Fees on Land title registration

14 Texas Debt Soars The taxes were difficult to collect The taxes were difficult to collect The government continued to spend more than it collected. The government continued to spend more than it collected. Interest payments Interest payments cause debt to cause debt to continue to soar continue to soar

15 The Release of Santa Anna November 1836: Santa Anna was released. November 1836: Santa Anna was released. He returned to Mexico aboard the Republic of Texas ship the Invincible He returned to Mexico aboard the Republic of Texas ship the Invincible

16 Santa Anna’s return to Mexico Upon return, he immediately renounced the promises he had made to Texas in the Treaties of Velasco he signed after his capture. Upon return, he immediately renounced the promises he had made to Texas in the Treaties of Velasco he signed after his capture. He refused to recognize Texas independence. He refused to recognize Texas independence. Was tried in Mexican court for losing Texas. Was tried in Mexican court for losing Texas. The court removes him from office and he goes into exile. The court removes him from office and he goes into exile.


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